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Volume 32(4); August 2008
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Review
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Retinol-Binding Protein 4.
Won Young Lee, Eun Jung Rhee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):295-300.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.295
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  • 28 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
New function of retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) was identified in addition to the traditional role as a vitamin A transport protein. In the state of insulin resistance even before the onset of type 2 DM, GLUT4 expression by adipocytes is decreased, but those by skeletal muscle is well preserved. Decreased adipocyte GLUT4 causes expression of RBP4 by adipocytes, thus increasing serum RBP4 levels. Increased RBP4 induces insulin resistance on liver and skeletal muscle, thus acting as a diabetogenic signal from adipose tissue. Glucose disposal rate examined by clamp study is inversely related with serum RBP4 levels in humans. In this section, recent works on the metabolism and function of RBP4 were summarized.

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  • The Effects of Marathon Running on Retinol Binding Protein 4 and C-reactive Protein Levels in Healthy Middle-aged Korean Men
    Jisuk Chae, Sungmin Kim, Junga Lee, Justin Y. Jeon
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2014; 23(3): 203.     CrossRef
Editorial
Serum Bilirubin and Coronary Artery Disease.
Jung Hyun Noh
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):301-303.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.301
  • 1,745 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Original Articles
Effects of Food Restriction on Phenotypes of TALLYHO/JngJ Mouse.
Won Hoon Jung, Hee Youn Kim, Seung Jin Koo, Hyae Gyeong Cheon, Sung Whan Cho, Sang Dal Rhee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):304-316.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.304
  • 2,037 View
  • 17 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Food restriction has been reported to ameliorate diabetes and obesity. In this study, we examined the effects of the food restriction on phenotypes of TALLYHO/JngJ (TH) mouse, a recently developed diabetic model animal. METHODS: 3 week-old TH mice were divided into 2 groups (n = 20 each for food-restricted (THR) and free-fed (THF)) and THR mice were fed the same amount of food as normal control mice (C57BL/6, n = 20). Body weight was weekly monitored till 14 weeks of age. The half of animals were sacrificed at 8 weeks of age, and liver, kidney, and fat weight were measured. The histopathology of liver and brown fat tissues and mRNA expression of leptin in adipose tissue were analyzed. The oral glucose tolerance test and insulin resistance test was done at 14 weeks of age. The plasma concentrations of glucose, free fatty acid, triglyceride, cholesterol and leptin were analyzed. RESULTS: The THR mice had lower body weights than the THF mice, similar to C57BL/6 mice, with reduced fat deposition in liver and brown fat tissue. The plasma levels of glucose, triglyceride and free fatty acid were decreased in the THR group. The THR mice, however, carried more fat than normal mice, with increased plasma leptin concentration and leptin mRNA expression in fats and no alteration in plasma cholesterol levels. Furthermore, the THR mice revealed glucose intolerance with impaired after-meal insulin secretion and slight insulin resistance CONCLUSION: The food restriction apparently ameliorated the obesity and diabetic phenotypes of TH mice. However, plasma concentration of cholesterol were not improved in THR mice with increased adiposity index and glucose intolerance, suggesting the genetically prone tendency of obesity and diabetes development in TH mice possibly with an impairment in cholesterol metabolism.

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  • Cyp7a1 is continuously increased with disrupted Fxr-mediated feedback inhibition in hypercholesterolemic TALLYHO/Jng mice
    Eun-Ah Lee, Dong-In Lee, Hee-Yoen Kim, Sung-Hoon Ahn, Hye-Rim Seong, Won Hoon Jung, Ki Young Kim, Sungsub Kim, Sang Dal Rhee
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids.2018; 1863(1): 20.     CrossRef
Comparison of the Predictability of Cardiovascular Disease Risk According to Different Metabolic Syndrome Criteria of American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and International Diabetes Federation in Korean Men.
Do Young Lee, Eun Jung Rhee, Eun Suk Choi, Ji Hoon Kim, Jong Chul Won, Cheol Young Park, Won Young Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Sun Woo Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):317-327.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.317
  • 2,730 View
  • 19 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
We compared the prevalences of two criteria of metabolic syndrome, that is, American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF), in Korean male adults and compared the predictability of insulin resistance and future cardiovascular diseases using Framingham Risk Score. METHODS: In total 23,467 male adults (mean age 43.3 years) who participated in medical check-up in 2005, the prevalences of metabolic syndrome according to AHA/NHLBI and IDF criteria and the presence of insulin resistance, defined by the highest quartile of Homeostasis Model Assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), were compared. The relative risk (calculated risk/average risk) for 10-year risk for coronary artery disease (CHD) assessed by Framingham Risk Score were compared. RESULTS: 5.8% of the subjects had diabetes mellitus. 20.7% and 13.2%of the subjects had metabolic syndrome defined by AHA/NHLBI and IDF criteria, and the two criteria showed high agreement with kappa value of 0.737 (P < 0.01). More subjects in IDF-defined group had insulin resistance compared with AHA/NHLBI definition (59.8 vs. 54%, P < 0.01). The odds ratio for increased relative risk (> 1.0) for 10-year CHD were higher in AHA/NHLBI-defined subjects compared with IDF-defined subject (3.295 vs. 3.082). The Kappa values for the analysis of agreement between each criteria and prediction of insulin resistance or cardiovascular disease risk, were too low for comparison. CONCLUSION: In Korean males, the prevalence for metabolic syndrome defined by AHA/NHLBI criteria was higher than those defined by IDF criteria. IDF criteria detected more subjects with insulin resistance, but didn't have better predictability for CHD compared with AHA/NHLBI criteria.

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  • Attention Aware Deep Learning Approaches for an Efficient Stress Classification Model
    Muhammad Zulqarnain, Habib Shah, Rozaida Ghazali, Omar Alqahtani, Rubab Sheikh, Muhammad Asadullah
    Brain Sciences.2023; 13(7): 994.     CrossRef
  • Statistics and Deep Belief Network-Based Cardiovascular Risk Prediction
    Jaekwon Kim, Ungu Kang, Youngho Lee
    Healthcare Informatics Research.2017; 23(3): 169.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Abdominal Fat Area Measured by Screening Abdominal Fat CT and Metabolic Syndrome in Asymptomatic Korean Individuals
    Dae Woong Park, Noh Hyuck Park, Ji Yeon Park, Seon-Jeong Kim
    Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology.2017; 77(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Data-Mining-Based Coronary Heart Disease Risk Prediction Model Using Fuzzy Logic and Decision Tree
    Jaekwon Kim, Jongsik Lee, Youngho Lee
    Healthcare Informatics Research.2015; 21(3): 167.     CrossRef
  • Implication of high‐body‐fat percentage on cardiometabolic risk in middle‐aged, healthy, normal‐weight adults
    Ji Young Kim, Sang‐Hwan Han, Bong‐Min Yang
    Obesity.2013; 21(8): 1571.     CrossRef
  • Cardio-Metabolic Features of Type 2 Diabetes Subjects Discordant in the Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome
    Sa Rah Lee, Ying Han, Ja Won Kim, Ja Young Park, Ji Min Kim, Sunghwan Suh, Mi-Kyoung Park, Hye-Jeong Lee, Duk Kyu Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2012; 36(5): 357.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Cardiovascular Health Status and Health Behaviors in Korean Women based on Household Income
    Young-Joo Park, Nah-Mee Shin, Ji-Won Yoon, Jiwon Choi, Sook-Ja Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2010; 40(6): 831.     CrossRef
Evaluation of Fasting Plasma Glucose as a Screening for Diabetes Mellitus in Middle-aged Adults of Naju Country.
Jin Hwa Kim, Mi Ah Han, Chol Jin Park, Il Goo Park, Ji Hye Shin, Sang Yong Kim, So Yeon Ryu, Hak Yeon Bae
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):328-337.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.328
  • 2,646 View
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  • 5 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus have been modified by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) in 1997. The ADA proposed that the diagnosis of diabetes be defined by a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 7.0 mmol/L. Disagreement has been reported between criteria based on FPG and postchallenge 2-h plasma glucose (2-h PG). The aim of the present study is to assess the FPG criteria as the diagnostic screening test for diabetes in Korean middle-aged adults in comparison to the 2-h PG criteria. METHODS: Randomly selected 1,731 subjects (679 men and 1,052 women) aged 40~70 years (mean age: 58.4 +/- 7.89 years) without previously diagnosed diabetes completed 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). We assessed the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the level of agreement (kappa statistics) according to the different diagnostic glucose categories. RESULTS: The frequency of newly diagnosed diabetes was 2.7% (n = 51) using the FPG criteria only; 6.4% (n = 120) using the 2-h PG criteria only; and 6.9% (n = 130) using concentrations of > or = 7.0 mmol/L for FPG or > or = 11.1 mmol/L for 2-h PG. Of the 120 subjects with diabetes by the 2-h PG criteria, 65.8% (n = 79) were not diagnosed with diabetes according to FPG concentration. The level of agreement between two diagnostic criteria was low (kappa = 0.268). The receiver operating characterstic (ROC) curve analysis determined FPG of 5.6 mmol/L to yield optimal sensitivity and specificity corresponding to 2-h PG 11.1 mmol/L. CONCLUSION: The findings in this study demonstrate that the discordance between the FPG and 2-h PG criteria in the diagnosis of diabetes in Korean middle-aged adults is large. We suggest that IFG group (FPG 5.6~6.9 mmol/L) were performed 75 g OGTT for diagnosing diabetes mellitus in Korean middle-aged adults.

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  • The Distribution and Characteristics of Abnormal Findings Regarding Fasting Plasma Glucose and HbA1c - Based on Adults Except for Known Diabetes
    Seyoung Kwon, Youngak Na
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2017; 49(3): 239.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in metabolic syndrome components among the Korean 66-year-old population with metabolic syndrome
    Sangjin Lee, Young Ko, Chanyeong Kwak, Eun-shil Yim
    BMC Geriatrics.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • 2011 Clinical Practice Guidelines for Type 2 Diabetes in Korea
    Seung-Hyun Ko, Sung-Rea Kim, Dong-Joon Kim, Seung-Joon Oh, Hye-Jin Lee, Kang-Hee Shim, Mi-Hye Woo, Jun-Young Kim, Nan-Hee Kim, Jae-Taik Kim, Chong Hwa Kim, Hae Jin Kim, In-Kyung Jeong, Eun-Kyung Hong, Jae-Hyoung Cho, Ji-Oh Mok, Kun-Ho Yoon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(5): 431.     CrossRef
  • Associated Factors of Impaired Fasting Glucose in Some Korean Rural Adults
    Hye Eun Yun, Mi-ah Han, Ki Soon Kim, Jong Park, Myeng Guen Kang, So Yeon Ryu
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2010; 43(4): 309.     CrossRef
  • Comparing Survival Functions with Doubly Interval-Censored Data: An Application to Diabetes Surveyed by Korean Cancer Prevention Study
    Sun-Ha Jee, Chung-Mo Nam, Jin-Heum Kim
    Korean Journal of Applied Statistics.2009; 22(3): 595.     CrossRef
Relationship Between Serum Bilirubin Levels and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
Jun Sung Moon, Woo Jin Chang, Chan Hee Lee, Ji Eun Lee, Kyung Ah Chun, Ji Sung Yoon, Ihn Ho Cho, Hyoung Woo Lee, Kyu Chang Won
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):338-345.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.338
  • 2,602 View
  • 18 Download
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Lipid oxidation and formation of oxygen radicals have been identified to be the important factors of atherogenesis. Because bilirubin, a potent physiological antioxidant inhibits lipid oxidation, it is suggested that low serum concentrations of bilirubin is associated with atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between bilirubin levels and coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: The coronary calcium score (CCS) of 172 subjects (male 63, mean age 60.5 +/- 1.0) with type 2 diabetes were evaluated in Yeungnam University Hospital between January 2005 and February 2007. The subjects were divided into two groups with CCS 10 as the cut off. RESULTS: Higher CCS was significantly associated with lower bilirubin (P < 0.05), but after adjusted with age, no longer correlation were seen (P = 0.121). To determine the relationship between subclinical coronary atherosclerosis and bilirubin, the subjects with previous history of cardiovascular disease were excluded. In 138 subjects (male 54, mean age 58.4 +/- 1.1), higher CCS was significantly associated with lower levels of bilirubin. After adjusted with age, duration of diabetes, and history of hypertension, CCS was also inversely related with bilirubin (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that lower levels of bilirubin might be considered as a risk factor of coronary artery disease, especially in type 2 diabetics without cardiovascular disease.

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  • Effects of Ginseng By-Products Supplementation on Performance, Blood Biochemical Profiles, Organ Development, and Stress Parameter in Broiler under Heat Stress Condition
    Jun-Ho Lee, Ji-Won Yoon, Bong-Ki Kim, Hee-Bok Park, Kyu-Sang Lim, Ji-Hyuk Kim
    Korean Journal of Poultry Science.2022; 49(4): 255.     CrossRef
  • Correlation of Serum Bilirubin Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with and without Diabetic Retinopathy
    Johncy John, Gajaraj Tulsidas Naik, Suria C. Rashmi, Sheetal Vaijanath Zille, Swetha Sampangi Iyer, Meghana Neeralagi, Asma M.K
    Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences.2021; 10(45): 4013.     CrossRef
  • Association of SNPs in the UGT1A gene cluster with total bilirubin and mortality in the Diabetes Heart Study
    Amanda J. Cox, Maggie C.-Y. Ng, Jianzhao Xu, Carl D. Langefeld, Kenneth L. Koch, Paul A. Dawson, J. Jeffrey Carr, Barry I. Freedman, Fang-Chi Hsu, Donald W. Bowden
    Atherosclerosis.2013; 229(1): 155.     CrossRef
  • The Association between Low Serum Bilirubin and Carotid Atherosclerosis in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes
    Byoung Hyun Park, Hye Jung Nho, Chung Gu Cho
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2012; 27(2): 126.     CrossRef
  • Association of Serum Total Bilirubin with Serum High Sensitivity C-reactive Protein in Middle-aged Men
    Kiwoong Yu, Cheolhwan Kim, Eunju Sung, Hocheol Shin, Hyewon Lee
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2011; 32(6): 327.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship among Homocysteine, Bilirubin, and Diabetic Retinopathy
    Ho Chan Cho
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(6): 595.     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Serum Bilirubin Levels and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes (Korean Diabetes Journal 32(4):338-345, 2008)
    Soo Lim
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2008; 32(5): 462.     CrossRef
Determinants of 1-Year Changes of Brachial Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Kyung Won Yun, Bo Hyun Kim, Young Pil Bae, Byeong Do Yi, Seung Woo Lee, Hong Kyu Lim, Yeon Sik Ryu, Chang Won Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):346-357.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.346
  • 2,421 View
  • 19 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes. PWV correlates well with arterial distensibility and stiffness and a useful approach for evaluating the severity of systemic atherosclerosis in adults, and, in particular, the measurement of brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) has been commonly reported as a simple, noninvasive and practicable method. baPWV was mainly affected by age, SBP and sex. And also, baPWV was affected by many different factors such as body weight, BMI, waist to hip ratio, HbA1c, microalbuminuria, triglyceride, gammaGTP, duration of DM. We evaluated determinants of 1-year changes of baPWV in patients with type 2 DM. METHODS: The study group comprised 189 diabetic patients who measured ankle brachial pressure index (ABI), baPWV at base line and 1-year later. The anthropometric parameters, blood pressure, pulse pressure, fasting plasma glucose (FBS), fasting insulin, A1c, lipid profile, hsCRP, microalbuminuria, AST/ALT, gammaGTP were also checked concurrently. We also analyzed correlation between change of baPWV and subject's medications. We retrospectively analyzed the relationship between the 1-year changes of baPWV and the other factors. All analyses were performed with the SPSS Version 14.0 and P values < 0.05 were considered significant. RESULTS: baPWV change was affected by systolic blood pressure change, diastolic blood pressure change, pulse pressure change, body weight, BMI, triglyceride change, insulin treatment and total cholesterol. Multiple regression analysis of the relationship between change of baPWV and other associated variables shows that the 1-year change of baPWV was significantly associated with the changes of blood pressure and insulin treatment in patients with type 2 DM. CONCLUSION: 1-year change of baPWV was significantly associated with the changes of blood pressure in patients with type 2 DM.

Citations

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  • Independent association between glycated hemoglobin and arterial stiffness in healthy men
    Jin‐Won Noh, Eun‐Jung Kim, Hyun‐Ju Seo, Soo Geun Kim
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2016; 7(2): 241.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Follow-up Changes of Brachial Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity in Korean Women
    Dae Young Kim, Sung Yeol Kong, Sung Ja Lee, Ha Do Song, Eun Jin Han, Ji Hoon Yang, Ji Yeon Kim, Dong Hyun Lee, Hyun Ho Shin
    Journal of the Korean Society of Hypertension.2012; 18(4): 154.     CrossRef
  • Relationships between Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy and the Brachial-ankle Pulse Wave Velocity in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Young Pil Bae, Byeong Do Yi, Bong-Gun Kim, Jong-Hwa Park, Yong Seop Kwon, Ja Young Park, Chang Won Lee, Bo Hyun Kim, Jae-Sik Jang
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2011; 26(1): 44.     CrossRef
  • The Association of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity with Acute Postprandial Hyperglycemia in Korean Prediabetic and Diabetic Subjects
    Chul Woo Ahn
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2010; 34(5): 284.     CrossRef
Clinical Characteristics and Direct Medical Costs of Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Eun Joon Moon, Young Eun Jo, Tae Chin Park, Yun Kyung Kim, Sun Hye Jung, Hae Jin Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Yoon Sok Chung, Kwan Woo Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):358-365.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.358
  • 2,502 View
  • 38 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an expensive chronic metabolic disorder and its prevalence has been increasing rapidly in South Korea, owing to a westernized lifestyle. We analyzed the annual direct medical costs attributable to type 2 diabetes and its chronic complications in Korea retrospectively. METHODS: We randomly selected 1,051 patients with type 2 diabetes who visited Ajou University Hospital as an outpatient in 2005. Clinical characteristics, duration of diabetes, and microvascular and macrovascular complications were assessed from a medical chart review. The annual direct medical costs included insurance covered and uncovered medical costs. RESULTS: Of the 1,051 patients with type 2 diabetes, 48.2% had at least one microvascular complication, 5.6% had at least one macrovascular complication, and 12.4% of the patients had both microvascular and macrovascular complications. The average annual direct medical cost was found to be 3,348,488won per patient. In patients with microvascular complications, the total cost of management was increased 1.4 times compared to those without complications. Direct medical costs for patients with macrovascular complications were 2.1-fold as high as patients with no complications. Those patients with both microvascular and macrovascular complications, increased costs by 3.1-fold over those without complications. CONCLUSION: Chronic complications have a substantial impact on the direct medical costs of type 2 diabetes. The prevention of chronic diabetic complications will not only influence the mortality and morbidity of patients with type 2 diabetes, but also potentially reduce medical costs.

Citations

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  • Importance of family history of diabetes in computing a diabetes risk score in Korean prediabetic population
    Morena Ustulin, Sang Youl Rhee, Suk Chon, Kyu Keung Ahn, Ji Eun Lim, Bermseok Oh, Sung-Hoon Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Yongsoo Park, Moon Suk Nam, Kwan Woo Lee, Young Seol Kim, Jeong-Taek Woo
    Scientific Reports.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Features of Long-Standing Korean Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy: A Study Based on Standardized Clinical Data
    Sejeong Park, Sang Youl Rhee, Su Jin Jeong, Kiyoung Kim, Suk Chon, Seung-Young Yu, Jeong-Taek Woo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(5): 393.     CrossRef
  • Association between Sleep Duration and Impaired Fasting Glucose in Korean Adults: Results from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2012
    Cho-Rong Kim, Yun-Mi Song, Jin-Young Shin, Wook Gim
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2016; 37(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • Trends in the Diabetes Epidemic in Korea
    Kyoung Hwa Ha, Dae Jung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2015; 30(2): 142.     CrossRef
  • Economic Evaluation of Diabetes Education
    Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jin-Hee Jung, Kang Hee Sim, Hee-Sook Kim, Minjae Choi, Jumin Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2015; 16(4): 293.     CrossRef
  • Association between diabetes-related factors and clinical periodontal parameters in type-2 diabetes mellitus
    Eun-Kyong Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Youn-Hee Choi, Kyu-Chang Won, Jun Sung Moon, Anwar T Merchant, Hee-Kyung Lee
    BMC Oral Health.2013;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cytoprotective Effect of Ethanol Extract from Maesil (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.) on Alloxan-induced Oxidative Damage in Pancreatic-cell, HIT-T15
    In-Hye Kim, Jong-Bae Kim, Kang-Jin Cho, Jae-Hyun Kim, Ae-Son Om
    Korean Journal of Plant Resources.2012; 25(2): 184.     CrossRef
  • The Protective Effects of Chrysanthemum cornarium L. var. spatiosum Extract on HIT-T15 Pancreatic β-Cells against Alloxan-induced Oxidative Stress
    In-Hye Kim, Kang-Jin Cho, Jeong-Sook Ko, Jae-Hyun Kim, Ae-Son Om
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2012; 25(1): 123.     CrossRef
  • Outcome Research in Diabetes
    Kwan Woo Lee
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(1): 2.     CrossRef
  • Costs of Diabetes Mellitus in Korea
    Kwan Woo Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(6): 567.     CrossRef
  • The Epidemiology of Diabetes in Korea
    Dae Jung Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(4): 303.     CrossRef
  • The Hypoglycemic Effect of Complex of Chinese Traditional Herbs (CTH) and Macelignan in Type 2 Diabetic Animal Model

    Journal of Life Science.2010; 20(7): 1113.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes Mellitus in Korea: Current Status of Diabetic Patients Using Korean Health Insurance Database
    Ie Byung Park, Sei Hyun Baik
    Korean Diabetes Journal.2009; 33(5): 357.     CrossRef
  • Management of Diabetic Mellitus in Low-income Rural Patients
    Hye-Yeon Kim, Woo-Jun Yun, Min-Ho Shin, Sun-Seong Kweon, Hye-Ran Ahn, Seong-Woo Choi, Young-Hoon Lee, Dong-Hyeok Cho, Jung-Ae Rhee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2009; 42(5): 315.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Pancreatic Cancer in Diabetics and Clinical Characteristics of Diabetes-associated with Pancreatic Cancer - Comparison between Diabetes with and without Pancreatic Cancer -
    Seung Goun Hong, Jae Seon Kim, Sung Joo Jung, Moon Kyung Joo, Beom Jae Lee, Jong Eun Yeon, Jong-Jae Park, Kwan Soo Byun, Young-Tae Bak
    The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology.2009; 54(3): 167.     CrossRef
An Analysis of Medical Costs of Diabetic Patients in a University Hospital (1996~2005).
Ki Hong Chun, Kwan Woo Lee, Dae Jung Kim, Hae Jin Kim, Kyung Won Paek, Soo Jin Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):366-376.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.366
  • 2,322 View
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this research was to find out the costs of diabetes, as research in a prospective cohort study looking into the development of diabetic complications followed by treatment intervention by a medical institution. The research compared the changes in medical costs by following-up on the treatment details of diagnosed diabetes for the last 10 years in a university hospital. METHODS: The research used data of outpatient, inpatient, pharmaceutical and total medical costs, from 1996 to 2005, of individual patients who were diagnosed with diabetic patients, to analyze the outpatient and inpatient total medical cost changes over the years. RESULTS: After antidiabetic drug, in the case of outpatient treatment, pharmaceutical costs increased on average by about 25,000 won a month for diabetic patients without complications and by 35,000 won for diabetic patients with microvascular complications. Outpatient medical costs were affected after drug treatment by as much of an increase as created by the pharmaceutical costs. The total medical costs, that is the sum of inpatient and outpatient costs, decreased by 30~40% compared to that before drug treatment. In the case of total medical cost, MI or ESRD cost 2~3 times more in pharmaceutical costs than before the development of complications. The total medical costs of diabetic patients with CVA, MI and ESRD complications increased in the first year after development of the complication, and this was followed by a decrease in the next year, showing a tendency to remain constant with no increase or decrease over subsequent years. This means that the total medical costs of patients with complications remain continuously large throughout the life of the diagnosed patient. CONCLUSION: For diabetic patients, pharmaceutical costs are the most important factor in determining outpatient medical costs.

Citations

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  • Outcome Research in Diabetes
    Kwan Woo Lee
    Journal of Korean Diabetes.2011; 12(1): 2.     CrossRef
  • Costs of Diabetes Mellitus in Korea
    Kwan Woo Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(6): 567.     CrossRef
Association of Educational Level and Socioeconomic Status with Glucose Metabolism.
Young Sil Eom, Sun Mee Yang, Pyung Chun Oh, Jung Hyun Lee, Ki Young Lee, Yeun Sun Kim, Sihoon Lee, Jung Soo Im, Jun Yim, Dae Kyu Oh, Moon Suk Nam, Ie Byung Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):377-385.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.377
  • 2,385 View
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The objective of the present study was to examine the association of educational level and socioeconomic status with glucose metabolism including prediabetes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study subjects were 882 (mean age: 51.0 +/- 13.4 years, M:F = 241:641) without diabetes, aged more than 20 years and residing in Whasu 2 dong in Incheon. We classified them into three levels according to their educational level: primary (illiterate or up to elementary school), secondary (middle school or high school) and tertiary (university), and into three levels according to their socioeconomic status by self reported questionnaire: low, middle and high. Subjects were diagnosed as three groups (normal, prediabetes and diabetes) by American Diabetes Association criteria using 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. The association of educational level and socioeconomic status with glucose metabolism was analyzed. RESULTS: The number of normal group was 300 (34.0%), that of prediabetes was 470 (53.3%) and that of diabetes was 112 (12.7%). In women, the proportion of primary educational group was larger than that of secondary educational group in diabetes (Odds ratio [OR] = 1.88; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01-3.51) and larger than that of tertiary educational group in prediabetes ([OR] = 2.00; [CI]: 1.06-3.78). But socioeconomic status did not have the statistical association with glucose metabolism in women. Also both educational level and socioeconomic status had no statistical association with glucose metabolism in men. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of low educational level is larger in prediabetes and diabetes compared with normal group in women.

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  • How do life-course trajectories of socioeconomic position affect quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus?
    Hye Ah Lee, Ko Eun Lee, Yool Won Jeong, Jaeseon Ryu, Minkyung Kim, Jung Won Min, Young Sun Hong, Kyunghee Jung-Choi, Hyesook Park
    Quality of Life Research.2014; 23(4): 1337.     CrossRef
Letter
Clinical Significance of Decreased Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) without Albuminuria among Type 2 Diabetics (Korean Diabetes Journal 32(3):252-258, 2008).
Eun Gyoung Hong
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(4):386-387.   Published online August 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.4.386
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Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
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