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Volume 30(1); January 2006
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Review
Physical Activity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Kyung Wan Min, Sung Woo Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):1-9.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.1
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  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.

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  • Full mouth rehabilitation for a disabled patient: a case report
    Ae-Ra Kim, Mong-Sook Vang, Sang-Won Park, Hyun-Pil Lim, Kwi-Dug Yun, Hong-So Yang
    The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics.2013; 51(3): 208.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Association between Genetic Polymorphisms in Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4alpha and Type 2 Diabetes in Koreans.
Eun Jung Lee, Soo Heon Kwak, Sun Wook Jo, Hyung Jin Choi, Hyoung Doo Shin, Min Kyong Moon, Young Min Cho, Hak Chul Jang, Kyong Soo Park, Houng Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):10-16.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.10
  • 2,222 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Hepatocyte nuclear factor-4alpha (HNF-4alpha) is a member of transcription factor network which is essential for the development and function of the beta cell. Furthermore mutations in the HNF-4alpha gene have been known to cause maturity-onset diabetes of the young. Therefore we aimed to examine the association between polymorphisms in the HNF-4alpha gene and the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and its related phenotypes in the Korean population. METHODS: Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HNF-4alpha gene, g.4681C>T and HNF-4alpha g.12352C>T (Thr139Ile), were genotyped in unrelated T2DM (n=760) and non-diabetic subjects (n=303). The genetic associations between these SNPs and the risk of T2DM and metabolic phenotypes were analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant association between genetic polymorphisms in the HNF-4alpha and the risk of T2DM. However HNF-4alpha g.4681C>T increased total cholesterol in the recessive model (P = 0.02) and showed marginal association with fasting plasma glucose (P = 0.049) in the additive model. CONCLUSION: There was no significant association between genetic polymorphisms and the risk of T2DM in the Korean populations. But HNF-4alpha g.4681C>T was associated with higher level of total cholesterol and fasting plasma glucose.
The long term effects of rosiglitazone on serum lipid concentration and body weight.
Wan Sub Shim, Mi Young Do, Soo Kyung Kim, Hae Jin Kim, Kyu Yeon Hur, Eun Seok Kang, Yu Mie Rhee, Chul Woo Ahn, Sung Kil Lim, Kyung Rae Kim, Hyun Chul Lee, Bong Soo Cha
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):17-24.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.17
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Although rosiglitazone, an insulin sensitizer, is known to have beneficial effects on high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration and low density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size, it has adverse effects on the increment of total cholesterol (TC) and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), and body weight in some studies. Such adverse effects of rosiglitazone on the serum lipid profiles and body weight seem to be attributed to the fact that most studies with rosiglitazone are limited to a short period of follow up. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long term effects of rosiglitazone on the serum lipid levels and body weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated fasting serum glucose, HbA1c, TC, LDL-C, triglyceride, HDL-C and body weight at baseline and every three months after rosiglitazone usage (4mg/d) in 202 type 2 diabetic patients. RESULTS: TC levels had increased maximally at 3 months and thereafter decreased, but were significantly higher at 18 months than those at baseline. LDL-C levels from the first 3 months to 12 months were significantly higher than those at baseline, but after 15 months, LDL-C concentration was not significantly different from the basal LDL-C concentration. HDL-C levels had increased after first 3 months and the increment of HDL-C concentration were maintained. The increment of HDL-C was more prominent in patients with low basal HDL-C concentration than in patients with high basal HDL-C concentration. Body weight from 3 months to 18 months were higher than that at baseline, but after 3 months, body weight did not increase furthermore significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The adverse effects on lipid concentration and body weight of rosiglitazone may attenuate after long term usage of rosiglitazone.
The long-term effect of ramipril on Gialpha2-protein and Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B in an animal model of type 2 diabetes(OLETF rat).
Jung Min Lee, Ok Ki Hong, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Sung Dae Moon, Sang Ah Chang, Hyun Shik Son, Kun Ho Yoon, Bong Yun Cha, Sung Koo Kang
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):25-38.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.25
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The regulation of tyrosine phosphorylation/dephosphorylation is an important mechanism in various intracellular metabolism. Also impaired insulin signal transduction is important in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. It has been reported that PTP1B is a negative regulator of insulin action, and Gialpha2-protein is related to the regulation of PTP1B. Herein we investigated the long-term effects of ramipril on PTP1B/insulin signal protein interaction and the relation between Gialpha2 and PTP1B in animal model of type 2 diabetes (OLETF rat). METHODS: OLETF rats and age-matched LETO rats were divided into two groups. One group of rats received ramipril (10 mg/kg body weight) for 12 weeks, and another group did not. Finally, each group was divided into 2 subgroups, with or without insulin injection intravenously, before sacrifice. After sacrifice, tissues extracts of liver, hind limb muscle, and epididymal fat were obtained for quantification of PTP1B, Gialpha2, and several insulin signal proteins by western blotting. RESULTS: In liver and muscle, the levels of basal PTP1B and activated PTP1B of OLETF rats treated with ramipril and insulin were significantly decreased. The levels of Gialpha2, activated IRS-2, and activated p-85alpha were significantly increased in OLETF rats treated with ramipril and insulin. In adipose tissue, the levels of Gialpha2 and activated p-85alpha of OLETF rats treated with ramipril and insulin were slightly increased as in liver and muscle. But, the levels of basal PTP1B and activated PTP1B were significantly increased. And, the levels of activated IRS-1 and activated IRS-2 were decreased. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the improvement of insulin sensitivity by treatment with ramipril was related to the decreased level of activated PTP1B. Also, we could suggest that the changes of activated PTP1B level was related with the changes of Gialpha2-protein. However, the results of adipose tissue were different from those of liver and muscle. So it seemed likely that there would be various major modulators for regulation of insulin signal pathway according to tissue.
A Study on Insulin action using fibroblast of leprechaunism patients.
Si Whan Koh, Yoo Joung Oh, Mi Koung Chang, Yun Soo Bae, Dong Kyu Jin
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):39-46.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.39
  • 1,637 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Leprechaunism, which is caused by insulin receptor defect, is clinically characterized by hyperinsulinemia, stunted growth, dysmorphic somatic abnormalities, lipodystrophy and early death around 2-3 years of age. METHODS: In this study we describe 2 cases of Korean leprechaunism patients. In addition, the disturbed insulin induced effects such as glucose uptake, insulin binding assay, thymidine uptake and PDGF stimulated phosphorylation change were investigated using the fibroblasts from 1 Korean patient and those from 4 foreign leprechaunism patients. RESULTS: The morphologic study of fibroblasts derived from patient suggests that the fibroblasts of patient are less differentiated than the fibroblasts of control. Moreover, insulin induced pathways as well as PDGF stimulated phosphorylation change were disturbed in the fibroblasts of the patient. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the signal transduction in the fibroblasts of leprechaunism is reduced not only by insulin stimuli but also by other growth factors like PDGF.
The percent change of body weight in patients with type 2 diabetes using rosiglitazone for 1 year.
Seong Bin Hong, Hwi Ra Park, Eun A Kim, Kyung wook Lee, Moonsuk Nam, Yong Seong Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):47-53.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.47
  • 1,748 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Rosiglitazone(RSG) is known as a potent agonist for the PPARgamma. It improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity in peripheral tissues. And it is associated with body weight gain. The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the gene encoding the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor(PPAR)gamma2 has recently been shown to be associated with insulin sensitivity. This study was performed to evaluate the body weight change during the long term rosiglitazone treatment and the role of PPARgamma2 polymorphism, Pro12Ala as an indicator to predict the clinical response of RSG in type 2 diabetes patients. METHOD: The study subjects were 214 type 2 diabetic patients(117 male, 97 female) who were received a daily 1 year course of 4 mg RSG combined with sulfonylurea or metformin. The Pro12Ala polymorphism of the PPARgamma2 was determined by the restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) method. Body weight, height, waist circumference, fasting glucose, insulin, c-peptide and lipid profile were measured. RESULTS: After RSG treatment, body weight change was 2.4 +/- 3.8%, 4.5 +/- 9.8% of baseline body weight at 12, 24 weeks respectively. Body weight gains were increased to 5.6 +/- 10.1% at the end of 1 year. The HbA1C, serum insulin level and HOMA index were decreased following the rosiglitazone therapy. The allele frequency of the Ala12Pro polymorphism of the PPARgamma2 was 0.016. The number of Ala12Pro variant of the PPARgamma2 was too low to predict clinical response of RSG. Body weight gain was correlated with basal fasting plasma glucose, post-prandial 2 hour glucose and HbA1c level(p<0.05). There was no correlation between baseline body weight and change. CONCLUSION: This results showed that Pro12Ala polymorphism was not acceptable for the predictor of RSG induced weight gain and clinical response. However, body weight gain was increased in who had high glucose level, and correlated positively with glucose decrease. 1st 3 month weight gain was best predictor of weight change during 1 year.
The effects of mixed chimerism conducted by natural killer cell depletion with non myeloablation on islet allograft rejection.
Heon Seok Park, Seok Goo Cho, Chung Gyu Park, Oak Kee Hong, Ji Won Kim, Bo Ryung Kim, Kun Ho Yoon
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):54-63.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.54
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Because of the shortage of human pancreas and immunorejection, very small fraction of patients with type 1 diabetes can be treated with islet transplantation. The immune tolerance induction for overcoming the immume rejectin of trausplamted islets could be conducted by hematopoietic mixed chimerims with various invasive methods. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of mixed chimerims conducted by newly developed minimally invasive methods on islet allografts rejection in streptozotocin induced diabetic mice. METHODS: Recipient, Balb/c(H-2Kd) mice were injected intraperitoneally with anti- asialoGM1 antibody at one day before bone marrow transplantation. There were received total body irradiation at a dose of 500 cGy and followed by tail vein injection of the 2 x 10(7) T-cell depleted bone marrow cells from C57BL/6(H-2Kb). Mixed chimerism mice were determined by gDNA PCR of lymphocyte MHC class I gene (H-2K) on 21st day. Streptozotocin induced diabetic mixed chimera mice were received islet transplantation from bone marrow donors. Grafts, spleen and peripheral blood were obtained from the mixed chimera mice, and there were used by Immunohistochimeical staining, flow cytometric analysis and gDNA PCR on 21st day. RESULTS: The blood glucose levels of streptozotocin induced diabetic mice were normalized by transplantation of bone marrow donor islets and maintained during 30 days. After removal of first islet allografts, hyperglycemia was re-established. We could re-confirmed donor specific tolerance of transplanted islets by second transplantation of bone marrow donor islets. Normoglycemia was maintained during 21 days after second islet transplantation. Furthermore islet grafts from MHC-mismatched third party mice were immediately rejected. Flow cytometric analysis results suggest that the mixed chimerism mice were maintain during the whole study period. CONCLUSION: The mixed chimerism model conducted by newly developed and minimally invasive method effectively prevents the islet allo grafts rejection in STZ-induced mixed chimerism mice.
Prevalence of Fungal Infection on Foot in Diabetic Patients and Correlation between Diabetic Ulcer and Fungal Infection on Foot.
Bong Yun Cha, Hyun Shik Son, Jung Min Lee, Sung Koo Kang
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):64-72.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.64
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  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of fungal infection and ulcer on the feet of diabetic patients and the existence of correlation between ulcer and fungal infection. METHODS: A total of 21,693 outpatients diagnosed as diabetes mellitus at the department of endocrinology of 32 hospitals were examined. The diabetic patients with foot problems were consulted to the department of dermatology. Physical examination and KOH preparation were performed by a dermatologist. RESULTS: 13,271 patients had certain kinds of foot problem, accounting for 61.2% of 21,693 diabetics examined. Of these, fungal foot disease was found in 10,403 patients that constituted 78.4%(48.0% of the entire diabetic population). Tinea pedis was the diagnosis in 6,496(29.9%), onychomycosis in 7,783(35.9%), and coexistence was in 3,883(17.9%). Foot deformity was in 1,346(6.2% of diabetics; 10.1% of foot disease), nonpalpable pulse in 1,051 (4.8%; 7.9%), and foot ulcer was in 425(2.0%; 3.2%), following in a descending order of frequency. Odds ratios for diabetic foot ulcer were 2.5 in patients with the foot deformity, 1.6 with fungal foot disease and 2.2 with non-palpable pulse. Conversely, odds ratios for fungal foot disease were 2.5 with foot deformity, and 1.6 with foot ulcer. A total of 5,486 patients paid visit to the department of dermatology. Of these, 4,519 patient were diagnosed with fungal infection through physical examination and KOH smear by dermatologists. The population were comprised of 2,272 males and 2,247 females, showing similar prevalences between sexes. However, age did have positive correlation regarding prevalence of fungal foot disease. The number of diabetic patients with toenail problems was 3,847(70%) and onychomycosis was proven mycologically in 3,276 patients. Onychomycosis of distal subungal type was the most common clinical finding, most frequently involving the great toenails. Abnormal skin findings of the foot were seen in 3,885 (70.8%) and tinea pedis was found in 3,209(58.5%), most commonly involving the soles. CONCLUSION: This study showed that fungal infection might be regarded as a risk factor of foot ulcer. Treatment of fungal infection in diabetic patients might prevent diabetic foot disease such as ulcer and reduce the disability, morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence and Associated Factors of Toenail Onychomycosis Among Patients with Diabetes in Jordan
    Hesham Alrauosh, Anas Ababneh, Faris G. Bakri, Mousa Abujbara, Hashem Kanaan, Nidal A. Younes
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and associated factors of tenia pedis among patients with diabetes in Jordan
    Anas Ababneh, Hesham Alrauosh, Mousa Abujbara, Hashem Kanaan, Faris G. Bakri, Nidal A. Younes
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Glycemic Control and Health Behaviors through Diabetes Mellitus Education in a Clinic.
Kyeong Soon Chang, Kwan Lee, Hyun Sul Lim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):73-81.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.73
  • 1,606 View
  • 28 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was carried out to examine the changes in the health behaviors and glycemic control before and after administering a Diabetes Mellitus (DM) education program in a clinic. METHODS: The author conducted a questionnaire and analyzed the blood chemistry with the fasting plasma blood sugar (FBS) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 80 patients in a clinic for 6 months from February to July 2004. The study group was divided into a poorly controlled (PC) group and well-controlled (WC) group according to the FBS or HbA1c level. The author then educated the subjects about general knowledges for DM over a 6-month period. The changes in the results before and after the DM education were measured as the changes in the health behaviors along with the changes in the FBS, and HbA1c levels. RESULTS: The study subjects contained 20 males and 20 females in each groups, and the major age group was the fifth decade (22 cases, 27.5%). The mean values for the total health behavior scores after the DM education program in the PC and WC group were 16.2 +/- 1.9, and 16.2 +/- 1.7 respectively, and were significantly higher than that before the education program (11.4 +/- 2.1, 15.3 +/- 1.9, P < 0.05). The mean FBS levels after the DM education program in the PC and WC groups were 130.2 +/- 22.8 mg/dL, and 116.2 +/- 16.6 mg/dL respectively, and was significantly lower than that before the education program (186.3 +/- 33.5 mg/dL, 135.3 +/- 16.3 mg/dL, P < 0.05). The mean HbA1c levels after the DM education program in the PC and WC groups were 7.0 +/- 0.8%, and 6.2 +/- 0.4% respectively, which were significantly lower than that before the education program (9.2 +/- 1.4%, 6.5 +/- 0.4%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a DM education program in a clinic is effective in improving the health behaviors and laboratory findings in DM patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Economic Evaluation of Diabetes Education
    Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jin-Hee Jung, Kang Hee Sim, Hee-Sook Kim, Minjae Choi, Jumin Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2015; 16(4): 293.     CrossRef
  • Group Classification on Management Behavior of Diabetic Mellitus
    Sung-Hong Kang, Soon-Ho Choi
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2011; 12(2): 765.     CrossRef
  • Effect on Glycemic, Blood Pressure, and Lipid Control according to Education Types
    Mi-Ju Choi, Seung-Hyun Yoo, Kum-Rae Kim, Yoo-Mi Bae, Sun-Hee Ahn, Seong-Shin Kim, Seong-Ah Min, Jin-Sun Choi, Seung-Eun Lee, Yeo-Jin Moon, Eun Jung Rhee, Cheol-Young Park, Won Young Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Sun Woo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(6): 580.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Regular Walking Exercise on Metabolic Syndrome, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly with Diabetic Mellitus
    Ki-Wol Sung, Ji-Hyun Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2010; 21(4): 409.     CrossRef
Case Report
A Case of Hepatic Glycogenosis in a Patient with Uncontrolled Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus.
Seung Hwan Lee, Hyuk Sang Kwon, Jung Ah Shin, Won Chul Kim, Jeong Hoon Kim, Yoon Hee Choi, Kun Ho Yoon, Bong Yun Cha, Kwang Woo Lee, Ho Young Son, Sung Koo Kang
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):82-86.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.82
  • 2,178 View
  • 20 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
When a patient with diabetes presents with hepatomegaly and increased level of liver enzymes, glycogenosis or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) should be considered. Glycogenosis is mainly developed in patients with type 1 diabetes, when blood glucose level is poorly controlled, when a high dosage of insulin is administered in ketoacidosis, or when glucose is given to control hypoglycemia caused by high dosage of insulin. On the other hand, the main causes of NASH, which are known to mainly affect type 2 diabetes patients, are obesity, dyslipidemia or insulin resistance. Glycogenosis differs from NASH, the former being a reversible change that improves with the control of blood glucose level and the minimum dosage requirement of insulin, and the latter being a progressive disease that may lead to fibrosis or cirrhosis of the liver. However, clinical differentiation of the two diseases is difficult and liver biopsy is helpful for making a definite diagnosis. We present a type 1 diabetes patient with poorly controlled blood glucose level, who have had a frequent history of diabetic ketoacidosis, showing hepatomegaly and a slight increase in liver enzyme level. The patient was diagnosed as diabetic glycogenosis, confirmed by liver biopsy. Strict control of the blood glucose level resulted in rapid improvement showing the reversible nature of the disease.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Four cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus showing sharp serum transaminase increases and hepatomegaly due to glycogenic hepatopathy
    Yuichi Ikarashi, Tomomi Kogiso, Etsuko Hashimoto, Kuniko Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Kodama, Makiko Taniai, Nobuyuki Torii, Hiroko Takaike, Yasuko Uchigata, Katsutoshi Tokushige
    Hepatology Research.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Glycogenic hepatopathy in a Korean girl with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus
    Hwal Rim Jeong, Young Seok Shim, Young Bae Kim, Hae Sang Lee, Jin Soon Hwang
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2014; 19(1): 49.     CrossRef
  • Three cases of glycogenic hepatopathy mimicking acute and relapsing hepatitis in type I diabetes mellitus
    Jae Hwang Cha, Sang Ho Ra, Yu Mi Park, Yong Kwan Ji, Ji Hyun Lee, So Yeon Park, Soon Koo Baik, Sang Ok Kwon, Mee Yon Cho, Moon Young Kim
    Clinical and Molecular Hepatology.2013; 19(4): 421.     CrossRef
  • Hepatic glycogenosis in a patient with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus
    Hye Young Jin, Dae-Young Kang, Jin-Ho Choi
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics.2009; 52(11): 1279.     CrossRef

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