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Original Article Association of Kir6.2 and Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) Polymorphisms with Type 2 Diabetes in Koreans.
Jung Eun Lee, Su Won Kim, Hyun Ae Seo, Jae Han Jeon, Seong Su Moon, Hee Kyung Kim, Yun Jeong Doh, Bo Wan Kim, Jung Guk Kim, Min Yoo, In Kyu Lee
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal 2007;31(6):455-464
Published online: November 1, 2007
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1Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine.
2Medical Education Program For Human Resources, Kyungpook National University.
3Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Keimyung University.

The type 2 diabetes is a typical polygenic disease complex, for which several common risk alleles have been identified. Several variants may contribute significantly to the risk of type 2 diabetes conferring insulin resistance of liver, muscle and fat (Pro12Ala) and a relative insulin secretory deficiency (Glu23Lys). In this study, we evaluated the association of Pro12Ala variant of the peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-gamma and the Glu23Lys variant of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel, Kir6.2 (KCNJ11) with the type 2 diabetes in Korean population. METHOD: This study included 331 subjects consisting of 172 patients with type 2 diabetes and 159 non- diabetic control subjects enrolled from the Kyungpook, Keimyung and Catholic university hospital in Daegu, Korea. We genotyped Kir6.2 (Glu23Lys) and PPARgamma (Pro12Ala) polymorphism and examined their association with the type 2 diabetes. RESULT: In the separate analyses, the Kir6.2 Glu23Lys (P = 0.385) and the PPARgamma Pro12Ala (P = 0.191) polymorphism showed no significant association with type 2 diabetes. In addition, the results of our study showed no evidence of a synergistic interaction between Kir6.2 and PPARgamma gene in each group (P = 0.110, P = 0.276). CONCLUSION: In this study, no association was seen between the genetic polymorphisms of Kir6.2, PPARgamma and type 2 diabetes. However, to clarify whether genetic polymorphisms of these genes contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, further studies involving larger Korean populations may be needed.

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