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Original Article
The Classification of Diabetic Patients Presenting Diabetic Ketoacidosis: The Characteristics of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes.
Eun Hee Jang, Jeong Eun Yi, Seung Jae Lee, Sang Hoon Chun, Ki Hyun Baek, Ki Ho Song, Soon Jib Yoo, Jong Min Lee, Kun Ho Yoon, Moo Il Kang, Kwang Woo Lee, Mee Kyung Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(5):428-434.   Published online October 1, 2008
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2008.32.5.428
  • 2,817 View
  • 44 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of the study was to classify newly diagnosed diabetic patients who initially presented with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) into specific types of diabetes and to describe the clinical and biochemical characteristics of patients with fulminant type 1 DM in Korea. METHODS: Using data from 4 hospitals of CMC from 1 January 1999 to 1 March 2008, we identified all patients who manifested DKA when they were first diagnosed as diabetes. Clinical and laboratory data were reviewed from medical records. RESULTS: We identified 51 newly diagnosed diabetic patients manifested DKA. Among them, 14 (27.4%) patients were classified as autoimmune type 1 DM, 8 (15.7%) as antibody negative type 1 DM, 5 (9.8%) as fulminant type 1, 16 (31.4%) as type 2 DM and 8 (15.7%) as secondary DM. Five patients who fulfilled the criteria of fulminant type 1 DM were older (32.2 +/- 10.7 vs. 15.7 +/- 4.4 years, P = 0.010), had shorter duration of symptoms (4.2 +/- 2.7 vs.16.7 +/- 15.2 days, P = 0.014) and lower stimulated C-peptide levels (0.1 +/- 0.0 vs. 0.7 +/- 0.6 ng/mL, P = 0.050) compared with patients with autoimmune type 1 DM. CONCLUSION Newly diagnosed diabetic patients presenting with DKA composed of heterogenous types of diabetes. The prevalence of fulminant type 1 diabetes among them was 9.8% and the clinical and biochemical characteristics of these patients were different from those of autoimmune type 1 DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Case of Severe Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Child with Type 2 Diabetes
    Jaesung Yu, Hyunju Jin, Joontae Ko, Hoseok Kang
    Journal of Korean Society of Pediatric Endocrinology.2011; 16(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Complicated with Ischemic Ileitis
    Se-Won Oh, Ju-Ri Park, Yun-Jeong Lee, Hee-Yeong Kim, Ji-A Seo, Nan-Hee Kim, Kyung-Mook Choi, Sei-Hyun Baik, Dong-Seop Choi, Sin-Gon Kim
    Journal of Korean Endocrine Society.2009; 24(2): 116.     CrossRef
Case Report
A Case of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy in a Girl with Type 1 DM .
Yi Sun Jang, Hye Soo Kim, Jong Min Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(2):130-135.   Published online March 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.2.130
  • 1,734 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an immune-mediated disorder characterized by the symmetrical weakness in both proximal and distal muscles for at least 2 months, hyporeflexia or areflexia, nerve conduction abnormalities, and high CSF protein level. Diabetes mellitus, monoclonal gammopathy, hepatitis C infection, HIV infection, SLE, Sjogren syndrome and lymphoma have been associated with CIDP. The incidence of CIDP in diabetes is not known exactly, but occur more common among diabetic than nondiabetic patients. There is sometimes a difficulty in distinguishing between diabetic polyneuropathy and CIDP, but differential diagnosis is important because CIDP is treatable with immune-modulating therapy. We report a case of CIDP in 22-year-old girl with type 1 DM who presented with generalized motor weakness and walking disturbance which were treated with iv immunoglobulin

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