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3 "Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma"
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Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) Polymorphism in Korean Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Jee Young Oh, Hyejin Lee, Young Sun Hong, Yeon Ah Sung, Hye Won Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(6):480-487.   Published online November 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.6.480
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BACKGROUND
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disease affecting 5~10% of women with reproductive age. Familial aggregation suggests the evidence supporting a genetic basis for PCOS. The mode of inheritance of PCOS is not yet clear, however, probably polygenic and might be related to insulin resistance. Polymorphism of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma gene is a susceptible gene for the development of obesity and diabetes. In this study, we examined the frequency and genetic effect of PPAR-gamma polymorphism on insulin resistance or hyperandrogenemia in Korean women with PCOS. METHODS: One-hundred twenty five Korean women with PCOS were evaluated for their metabolic and reproductive hormonal status. PPAR-gamma polymorphism was analyzed. RESULTS: Genetic frequency of PPAR-gamma was not significantly different between women with PCOS (n = 125) and those with regular menstrual cycles (n = 344). PCOS with Pro12Ala polymorphism had significantly higher levels of waist circumference and subcutaneous fat area compared with those with Pro12Pro genotype. They also had tendency of higher levels of fasting glucose concentration, body mass index (BMI) and visceral fat area. After BMI adjustment, this polymorphism was related to lower fasting insulin and higher insulin sensitivity index, and higher sex hormone binding globulin and lower free testosterone levels. CONCLUSION: Pro12Ala polymorphism of PPAR-gamma gene might be associated with obesity. However, after BMI adjustment, it may have favorable effect on insulin resistance and hyperandrogenemia. Because this study has limitations to conclude the genetic causality, further study is needed to support these findings.
Association of Kir6.2 and Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) Polymorphisms with Type 2 Diabetes in Koreans.
Jung Eun Lee, Su Won Kim, Hyun Ae Seo, Jae Han Jeon, Seong Su Moon, Hee Kyung Kim, Yun Jeong Doh, Bo Wan Kim, Jung Guk Kim, Min Yoo, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(6):455-464.   Published online November 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.6.455
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The type 2 diabetes is a typical polygenic disease complex, for which several common risk alleles have been identified. Several variants may contribute significantly to the risk of type 2 diabetes conferring insulin resistance of liver, muscle and fat (Pro12Ala) and a relative insulin secretory deficiency (Glu23Lys). In this study, we evaluated the association of Pro12Ala variant of the peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor-gamma and the Glu23Lys variant of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel, Kir6.2 (KCNJ11) with the type 2 diabetes in Korean population. METHOD: This study included 331 subjects consisting of 172 patients with type 2 diabetes and 159 non- diabetic control subjects enrolled from the Kyungpook, Keimyung and Catholic university hospital in Daegu, Korea. We genotyped Kir6.2 (Glu23Lys) and PPARgamma (Pro12Ala) polymorphism and examined their association with the type 2 diabetes. RESULT: In the separate analyses, the Kir6.2 Glu23Lys (P = 0.385) and the PPARgamma Pro12Ala (P = 0.191) polymorphism showed no significant association with type 2 diabetes. In addition, the results of our study showed no evidence of a synergistic interaction between Kir6.2 and PPARgamma gene in each group (P = 0.110, P = 0.276). CONCLUSION: In this study, no association was seen between the genetic polymorphisms of Kir6.2, PPARgamma and type 2 diabetes. However, to clarify whether genetic polymorphisms of these genes contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes, further studies involving larger Korean populations may be needed.
Transcriptional Regulation of Insulin and CXCL10 Gene by Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor gamma Coactivator-1alpha.
Won Gu Jang, In Kyu Lee, Eun Jung Kim, Seong Yeol Ryu, Bo Wan Kim, Jung Guk Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 2007;31(4):326-335.   Published online July 1, 2007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2007.31.4.326
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  • 21 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha), which act as a coactivator of nuclear receptors and several other transcription factors. This study was performed to evaluate the expressional regulation of insulin and inflammatory response genes by PGC-1alpha. METHODS: Transient transfection assays were performed to measure the promoter activity of the insulin and CXCL10 gene. The insulin gene expression levels in INS-1 cells were determined by Northern blot analysis. Differentially expressed genes by PGC-1alpha overexpression in HASMCs were confirmed using DNA microarray, real-time PCR and Northen blot analysis. RESULTS: Insulin promoter activity and mRNA levels were suppressed by GR and Ad-PGC-1alpha. Northern blot analysis of the INS-1 cells revealed that infection with Ad-PGC-1alpha markedly reduced the amount of insulin mRNA and treatment of Dex enhanced this effect in an additive manner. The PGC-1alpha-specific siRNA decreased insulin expression that was induced by Dex in the GR-expressing INS-1 cells was nearly restored by this siRNA treatment. We found that when vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) overexpressed PGC-1alpha, immune or inflammatory response genes were highly expressed. For example, promoter activity and mRNA level of CXCL10 gene were increased by PGC-1alpha. CONCLUSION: PGC-1alpha overexpression inhibited insulin promoter activity in INS-1 cells and enhanced expressions of inflammatory response genes (CXCL10, CXCL11, TNFLSF10) in VSMCs.

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