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Guideline/Fact Sheet
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Dyslipidemia Fact Sheet in South Korea, 2022
Eun-Sun Jin, Jee-Seon Shim, Sung Eun Kim, Jae Hyun Bae, Shinae Kang, Jong Chul Won, Min-Jeong Shin, Heung Yong Jin, Jenny Moon, Hokyou Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, In-Kyung Jeong, on Behalf of the Committee of Public Relation of the Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(5):632-642.   Published online August 2, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2023.0135
  • 3,854 View
  • 365 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and status of dyslipidemia management among South Korean adults, as performed by the Korean Society of Lipid and Atherosclerosis under the name Dyslipidemia Fact Sheet 2022.
Methods
We analyzed the lipid profiles, age-standardized and crude prevalence, management status of hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia, and health behaviors among Korean adults aged ≥20 years, using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data between 2007 and 2020.
Results
In South Korea, the crude prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥240 mg/dL or use of a lipid-lowering drug) in 2020 was 24%, and the age-standardized prevalence of hypercholesterolemia more than doubled from 2007 to 2020. The crude treatment rate was 55.2%, and the control rate was 47.7%. The crude prevalence of dyslipidemia—more than one out of three conditions (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥160 or the use of a lipid-lowering drug, triglycerides ≥200, or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C] [men and women] <40 mg/dL)—was 40.2% between 2016 and 2020. However, it increased to 48.2% when the definition of hypo-HDL-cholesterolemia in women changed from <40 to <50 mg/dL.
Conclusion
Although the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia has steadily increased in South Korea, the treatment rate remains low. Therefore, continuous efforts are needed to manage dyslipidemia through cooperation between the national healthcare system, patients, and healthcare providers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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Guideline/Fact Sheet
Article image
Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea 2021
Jae Hyun Bae, Kyung-Do Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Ye Seul Yang, Jong Han Choi, Kyung Mook Choi, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Kyu Chang Won, on Behalf of the Committee of Media-Public Relation of the Korean Diabetes Association
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(3):417-426.   Published online May 25, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0106
  • 15,266 View
  • 1,743 Download
  • 85 Web of Science
  • 105 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and management of diabetes mellitus, risk-factor control, and comorbidities among Korean adults.
Methods
We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess the prevalence, treatment, risk factors, comorbidities, and self-management behaviors of diabetes mellitus from 2019 to 2020. We also analyzed data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service to evaluate the use of antidiabetic medications in people with diabetes mellitus from 2002 through 2018.
Results
Among Korean adults aged 30 years or older, the estimated prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 16.7% in 2020. From 2019 through 2020, 65.8% of adults with diabetes mellitus were aware of the disease and treated with antidiabetic medications. The percentage of adults with diabetes mellitus who achieved glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <6.5% was 24.5% despite the increased use of new antidiabetic medications. We found that adults with diabetes mellitus who achieved all three goals of HbA1c <6.5%, blood pressure (BP) <140/85 mm Hg, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <100 mg/dL were 9.7%. The percentage of self-management behaviors was lower in men than women. Excess energy intake was observed in 16.7% of adults with diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Korean adults remained high. Only 9.7% of adults with diabetes mellitus achieved all glycemic, BP, and lipid controls from 2019 to 2020. Continuous evaluation of national diabetes statistics and a national effort to increase awareness of diabetes mellitus and improve comprehensive diabetes care are needed.

Citations

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Glycemic Control and Health Behaviors through Diabetes Mellitus Education in a Clinic.
Kyeong Soon Chang, Kwan Lee, Hyun Sul Lim
Korean Diabetes J. 2006;30(1):73-81.   Published online January 1, 2006
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkda.2006.30.1.73
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was carried out to examine the changes in the health behaviors and glycemic control before and after administering a Diabetes Mellitus (DM) education program in a clinic. METHODS: The author conducted a questionnaire and analyzed the blood chemistry with the fasting plasma blood sugar (FBS) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level of 80 patients in a clinic for 6 months from February to July 2004. The study group was divided into a poorly controlled (PC) group and well-controlled (WC) group according to the FBS or HbA1c level. The author then educated the subjects about general knowledges for DM over a 6-month period. The changes in the results before and after the DM education were measured as the changes in the health behaviors along with the changes in the FBS, and HbA1c levels. RESULTS: The study subjects contained 20 males and 20 females in each groups, and the major age group was the fifth decade (22 cases, 27.5%). The mean values for the total health behavior scores after the DM education program in the PC and WC group were 16.2 +/- 1.9, and 16.2 +/- 1.7 respectively, and were significantly higher than that before the education program (11.4 +/- 2.1, 15.3 +/- 1.9, P < 0.05). The mean FBS levels after the DM education program in the PC and WC groups were 130.2 +/- 22.8 mg/dL, and 116.2 +/- 16.6 mg/dL respectively, and was significantly lower than that before the education program (186.3 +/- 33.5 mg/dL, 135.3 +/- 16.3 mg/dL, P < 0.05). The mean HbA1c levels after the DM education program in the PC and WC groups were 7.0 +/- 0.8%, and 6.2 +/- 0.4% respectively, which were significantly lower than that before the education program (9.2 +/- 1.4%, 6.5 +/- 0.4%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that a DM education program in a clinic is effective in improving the health behaviors and laboratory findings in DM patients.

Citations

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