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Basic Research
Mitochondrial TFAM as a Signaling Regulator between Cellular Organelles: A Perspective on Metabolic Diseases
Jin-Ho Koh, Yong-Woon Kim, Dae-Yun Seo, Tae-Seo Sohn
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(6):853-865.   Published online November 22, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0138
  • 6,608 View
  • 275 Download
  • 12 Web of Science
  • 15 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   
Tissues actively involved in energy metabolism are more likely to face metabolic challenges from bioenergetic substrates and are susceptible to mitochondrial dysfunction, leading to metabolic diseases. The mitochondria receive signals regarding the metabolic states in cells and transmit them to the nucleus or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) using calcium (Ca2+) for appropriate responses. Overflux of Ca2+ in the mitochondria or dysregulation of the signaling to the nucleus and ER could increase the incidence of metabolic diseases including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) may regulate Ca2+ flux via changing the mitochondrial membrane potential and signals to other organelles such as the nucleus and ER. Since Tfam is involved in metabolic function in the mitochondria, here, we discuss the contribution of Tfam in coordinating mitochondria-ER activities for Ca2+ flux and describe the mechanisms by which Tfam affects mitochondrial Ca2+ flux in response to metabolic challenges.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Targeted metabolomics reveals the aberrant energy status in diabetic peripheral neuropathy and the neuroprotective mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine JinMaiTong
    Bingjia Zhao, Qian Zhang, Yiqian He, Weifang Cao, Wei Song, Xiaochun Liang
    Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis.2024; 14(2): 225.     CrossRef
  • Mitochondrial damage‐associated molecular patterns: A new insight into metabolic inflammation in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Yan Wang, Jingwu Wang, Si‐Yu Tao, Zhengting Liang, Rong xie, Nan‐nan Liu, Ruxue Deng, Yuelin Zhang, Deqiang Deng, Guangjian Jiang
    Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Altered Energy Metabolism, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, and Redox Imbalance Influencing Reproductive Performance in Granulosa Cells and Oocyte During Aging
    Hiroshi Kobayashi, Chiharu Yoshimoto, Sho Matsubara, Hiroshi Shigetomi, Shogo Imanaka
    Reproductive Sciences.2024; 31(4): 906.     CrossRef
  • When Our Best Friend Becomes Our Worst Enemy: The Mitochondrion in Trauma, Surgery, and Critical Illness
    May-Kristin Torp, Kåre-Olav Stensløkken, Jarle Vaage
    Journal of Intensive Care Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction and morphological disruption with PT320 delays dopamine degeneration in MitoPark mice
    Vicki Wang, Kuan-Yin Tseng, Tung-Tai Kuo, Eagle Yi-Kung Huang, Kuo-Lun Lan, Zi-Rong Chen, Kuo-Hsing Ma, Nigel H. Greig, Jin Jung, Ho-II Choi, Lars Olson, Barry J. Hoffer, Yuan-Hao Chen
    Journal of Biomedical Science.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib on cell death signaling in human colon cancer
    Ryuto Maruyama, Yuki Kiyohara, Yasuhiro Kudo, Tomoyasu Sugiyama
    Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology.2023; 396(6): 1171.     CrossRef
  • gp130 Activates Mitochondrial Dynamics for Hepatocyte Survival in a Model of Steatohepatitis
    Daria Shunkina, Anastasia Dakhnevich, Egor Shunkin, Olga Khaziakhmatova, Valeria Shupletsova, Maria Vulf, Alexandra Komar, Elena Kirienkova, Larisa Litvinova
    Biomedicines.2023; 11(2): 396.     CrossRef
  • Pharmacological Activation of Rev-erbα Attenuates Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiotoxicity by PGC-1α Signaling Pathway
    Runmei Zou, Shuo Wang, Hong Cai, Yuwen Wang, Cheng Wang, Vivek Pandey
    Cardiovascular Therapeutics.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • Protective Effect of Ergothioneine against 7-Ketocholesterol-Induced Mitochondrial Damage in hCMEC/D3 Human Brain Endothelial Cells
    Damien Meng-Kiat Leow, Irwin Kee-Mun Cheah, Zachary Wei-Jie Fong, Barry Halliwell, Wei-Yi Ong
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2023; 24(6): 5498.     CrossRef
  • Effect of PPARγ on oxidative stress in diabetes-related dry eye
    Jing Wang, Shuangping Chen, Xiuxiu Zhao, Qian Guo, Ruibo Yang, Chen Zhang, Yue Huang, Lechong Ma, Shaozhen Zhao
    Experimental Eye Research.2023; 231: 109498.     CrossRef
  • Chiisanoside Mediates the Parkin/ZNF746/PGC-1α Axis by Downregulating MiR-181a to Improve Mitochondrial Biogenesis in 6-OHDA-Caused Neurotoxicity Models In Vitro and In Vivo: Suggestions for Prevention of Parkinson’s Disease
    Yu-Ling Hsu, Hui-Jye Chen, Jia-Xin Gao, Ming-Yang Yang, Ru-Huei Fu
    Antioxidants.2023; 12(9): 1782.     CrossRef
  • TBBPA causes apoptosis in grass carp hepatocytes involving destroyed ER-mitochondrial function
    Dongxu Han, Naixi Yang, Huanyi Liu, Yujie Yao, Shiwen Xu
    Chemosphere.2023; 341: 139974.     CrossRef
  • The Protective Mechanism of TFAM on Mitochondrial DNA and its Role in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Ying Song, Wenjun Wang, Beibei Wang, Qiwen Shi
    Molecular Neurobiology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass on Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Dynamics in Leukocytes of Obese Women
    Zaida Abad-Jiménez, Teresa Vezza, Sandra López-Domènech, Meylin Fernández-Reyes, Francisco Canet, Carlos Morillas, Segundo Ángel Gómez-Abril, Celia Bañuls, Víctor M. Víctor, Milagros Rocha
    Antioxidants.2022; 11(7): 1302.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Galgunhwanggumhwangryun-tang on Glucose and Energy Metabolism in C2C12 Myotubes
    Jihong Oh, Song-Yi Han, Soo Kyoung Lim, Hojun Kim
    Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research.2022; 22(2): 93.     CrossRef
Response
Response: Regulating Hypothalamus Gene Expression in Food Intake: Dietary Composition or Calorie Density? (Diabetes Metab J 2017;41:121-7)
Mi Jang, So-Young Park, Yong-Woon Kim, Seung-Pil Jung, Jong-Yeon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2017;41(3):225-227.   Published online June 21, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.3.225
  • 3,017 View
  • 26 Download
PDFPubReader   
Original Articles
Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome
Regulating Hypothalamus Gene Expression in Food Intake: Dietary Composition or Calorie Density?
Mi Jang, So-Young Park, Yong-Woon Kim, Seung-Pil Jung, Jong-Yeon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2017;41(2):121-127.   Published online December 16, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.2.121
  • 3,683 View
  • 35 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The proportion of saturated fatty acids/unsaturated fatty acids in the diet seems to act as a physiological regulation on obesity, cardiovascular diseases, and diabetes. Differently composed fatty acid diets may induce satiety of the hypothalamus in different ways. However, the direct effect of the different fatty acid diets on satiety in the hypothalamus is not clear.

Methods

Three experiments in mice were conducted to determine whether: different compositions of fatty acids affects gene mRNA expression of the hypothalamus over time; different types of fatty acids administered into the stomach directly affect gene mRNA expression of the hypothalamus; and fat composition changes in the diet affects gene mRNA expression of the hypothalamus.

Results

The type of fat in cases of purified fatty acid administration directly into the stomach may cause changes of gene expressions in the hypothalamus. Gene expression by dietary fat may be regulated by calorie amount ingested rather than weight amount or type of fat.

Conclusion

Therefore, the calorie density factor of the diet in regulating hypothalamic gene in food intake may be detrimental, although the possibility of type of fat cannot be ruled out.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prepartum fatty acid supplementation in sheep. III. Effect of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid during finishing on performance, hypothalamus gene expression, and muscle fatty acids composition in lambs1
    Ana Cristina Carranza Martin, Danielle Nicole Coleman, Lyda Guadalupe Garcia, Cecilia C Furnus, Alejandro E Relling
    Journal of Animal Science.2018; 96(12): 5300.     CrossRef
  • Acute anti‐obesity effects of intracerebroventricular 11β‐HSD1 inhibitor administration in diet‐induced obese mice
    M. Seo, S. A. Islam, S.‐S. Moon
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Letter: Regulating Hypothalamus Gene Expression in Food Intake: Dietary Composition or Calorie Density? (Diabetes Metab J 2017;41:121-7)
    Bo Kyung Koo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(3): 223.     CrossRef
  • Response: Regulating Hypothalamus Gene Expression in Food Intake: Dietary Composition or Calorie Density? (Diabetes Metab J2017;41:121-7)
    Mi Jang, So-Young Park, Yong-Woon Kim, Seung-Pil Jung, Jong-Yeon Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(3): 225.     CrossRef
Hexane Extract of Orthosiphon stamineus Induces Insulin Expression and Prevents Glucotoxicity in INS-1 Cells
Hae-Jung Lee, Yoon-Jung Choi, So-Young Park, Jong-Yeon Kim, Kyu-Chang Won, Jong-Keun Son, Yong-Woon Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2015;39(1):51-58.   Published online February 16, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2015.39.1.51
  • 4,431 View
  • 62 Download
  • 10 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Hyperglycemia, a characteristic feature of diabetes, induces glucotoxicity in pancreatic β-cells, resulting in further impairment of insulin secretion and worsening glycemic control. Thus, preservation of insulin secretory capacity is essential for the management of type 2 diabetes. In this study, we evaluated the ability of an Orthosiphon stamineus (OS) extract to prevent glucotoxicity in insulin-producing cells.

Methods

We measured insulin mRNA expression and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in OS-treated INS-1 cells after exposure to a high glucose (HG; 30 mM) concentration.

Results

The hexane extract of OS elevated mRNA expression of insulin as well as pancreatic and duodenal homeobox-1 of INS-1 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The hexane OS extract also increased the levels of phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, Akt phosphorylation was elevated by treatment with 100 and 200 µmol of the hexane OS extract. Three days of HG exposure suppressed insulin mRNA expression and GSIS; these expressions were restored by treatment with the hexane OS extract. HG elevated peroxide levels in the INS-1 cells. These levels were unaffected by OS treatment under both normal and hyperglycemic conditions.

Conclusion

Our results suggested that the hexane extract of OS elevates insulin mRNA expression and prevents glucotoxicity induced by a 3-day treatment with HG. This was associated with the activation of PI-3K and Akt.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An Updated Review of Ethnobotany, Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth
    Anandarajagopal Kalusalingam, Dania Najiha Hasnu, Abdullah Khan, Ching Siang Tan, Bama Menon, Venkateshan Narayanan, Khang Wen Goh, Asmuni Mohd Ikmal, Noraini Talip, Poonguzhali Subramanian, Long Chiau Ming
    Malaysian Applied Biology.2024; 53(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Scopoletin protects INS-1 pancreatic β cells from glucotoxicity by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis
    Jae Eun Park, Ji Sook Han
    Toxicology in Vitro.2023; 93: 105665.     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review of Orthosiphon stamineus Benth. in the Treatment of Diabetes and Its Complications
    Qirou Wang, Jia Wang, Nannan Li, Junyu Liu, Jingna Zhou, Pengwei Zhuang, Haixia Chen
    Molecules.2022; 27(2): 444.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive chemical and metabolic profiling of anti‐hyperglycemic active fraction from Clerodendranthi Spicati Herba
    Yun Luo, Yue Liu, Quan Wen, Yulin Feng, Ting Tan
    Journal of Separation Science.2021; 44(9): 1805.     CrossRef
  • Short-Term Protocols to Obtain Insulin-Producing Cells from Rat Adipose Tissue: Signaling Pathways and In Vivo Effect
    Krista Minéia Wartchow, Letícia Rodrigues, Lucas Zingano Suardi, Barbara Carolina Federhen, Nicholas Guerini Selistre, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves, Patrícia Sesterheim
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2019; 20(10): 2458.     CrossRef
  • Understanding glycaemic control and current approaches for screening antidiabetic natural products from evidence-based medicinal plants
    Chintha Lankatillake, Tien Huynh, Daniel A. Dias
    Plant Methods.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • 50% Ethanol extract of Orthosiphon stamineus modulates genotoxicity and clastogenicity induced by mitomycin C
    Dhamraa Waleed Al-dualimi, Aman Shah Abdul Majid, Sarah Furqan Faisal Al-Shimary, Amal Aziz Al-Saadi, Raghdaa Al Zarzour, Muhammad Asif, Chern Ein Oon, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid
    Drug and Chemical Toxicology.2018; 41(1): 82.     CrossRef
  • Can Tea Extracts Exert a Protective Effect Against Diabetes by Reducing Oxidative Stress and Decreasing Glucotoxicity in Pancreatic β-Cells?
    Heeyoung Chae, Patrick Gilon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2015; 39(1): 27.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal