Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal

Search
OPEN ACCESS

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
2 "Tae Ho Kim"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Original Articles
The Relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Adults: The Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009)
Yong Jun Choi, Min Suk Lee, So Yeon An, Tae Ho Kim, Seung Jin Han, Hae Jin Kim, Yoon-Sok Chung, Kwan Woo Lee, Dae Jung Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2011;35(6):587-594.   Published online December 26, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2011.35.6.587
  • 5,092 View
  • 52 Download
  • 45 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Diabetes is a major health problem in Korea. However, interest in the quality of life in patients with diabetes is low. We examined the effects of diabetes on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and compared it with HRQoL in the general Korean population using the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV) (2007-2009).

Methods

Using KNHANES IV data, we compared EuroQol (EQ)-5D and EQ-visual analogue scale (VAS) scores after adjusting for sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as well as for comorbidities (hypertension, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and chronic renal disease). Logistic regressions were used to explore determinants for the lowest quintile HRQoL scales in the diabetes group.

Results

The mean age of the 14,441 enrolled subjects (6,129 men and 8,312 women) was 52.5±14.5 years. The mean EQ-5D and EQ-VAS scores were significantly lower in the diabetes group (EQ-5D. 0.87; EQ-VAS, 71.94) than in the non-diabetes group (EQ-5D, 0.94; EQ-VAS, 77.40) (P<0.001). Self-reported depressive symptom had a significant effect on lowering the EQ-VAS (odds ratio [OR], 1.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 2.6) in the diabetes group. Stress level had a significant effect in lowering both the EQ-5D (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.3 to 2.9) and the EQ-VAS (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.3 to 2.9). HbA1c, diabetes duration, and treatment modalities had no significant effect on lowering HRQoL.

Conclusion

Diabetes was clearly associated with impaired HRQoL compared with the non-diabetic population regardless of comorbidities. Therapeutic approaches should focus much more on the subjective perception of health in patients with diabetes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Understanding health‐related quality of life trajectories among older adults with diabetes mellitus: Mixed methods research
    Sunhee Park, Taewha Lee
    Nursing Open.2023; 10(10): 6945.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Relation between Compliance with Mediterranean Diet and Quality of Life of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Meltem Kudret, Fatma Nişancı Kılınç, Sevilay Karahan
    Nutrition and Cancer.2023; 75(2): 562.     CrossRef
  • The status of stigma in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and its association with medication adherence and quality of life in China: A cross-sectional study
    Xiaoyan Li, Lingyun Wu, Jie Yun, Qiuhua Sun
    Medicine.2023; 102(26): e34242.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing the Subjective Health Status of Men with Insulin-treated Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Secondary Analysis Using Quantile Regression Analysis
    Kang Sun Lee, Hyuk Joon Kim, Young Man Kim, Hye Young Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2023; 30(4): 530.     CrossRef
  • Association of temporomandibular disorders and tinnitus with health‐related quality of life: A cross‐sectional study using the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Geon‐Sik Kong, Sook‐Hyun Lee, Kyoung Sun Park, Jae‐Heung Cho, Koh‐Woon Kim, In‐Hyuk Ha
    Journal of Oral Rehabilitation.2022; 49(3): 283.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia
    Girma Tekle Gebremariam, Selam Biratu, Metasebia Alemayehu, Abraham Gebregziabiher Welie, Kebede Beyene, Beate Sander, Gebremedhin Beedemariam Gebretekle, Vijayaprakash Suppiah
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(2): e0264199.     CrossRef
  • The role of nutritional status in the relationship between diabetes and health-related quality of life
    Sohyun Park, Sukyoung Jung, Hyunsook Yoon
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2022; 16(4): 505.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Food Groups and Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Adults
    Shamirah Nabbosa, Sunghee Lee
    Nutrients.2022; 14(17): 3643.     CrossRef
  • Quality of life among adult patients living with diabetes in Rwanda: a cross-sectional study in outpatient clinics
    Charilaos Lygidakis, Jean Paul Uwizihiwe, Michela Bia, Francois Uwinkindi, Per Kallestrup, Claus Vögele
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(2): e043997.     CrossRef
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELF-MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
    Ninik Ambar Sari, Ceria Nurhayati
    Nurse and Health: Jurnal Keperawatan.2021; 10(2): 343.     CrossRef
  • Measurement of health-related quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus using EQ-5D-5L in Hong Kong, China
    Eliza Lai yi Wong, Richard Huan Xu, Annie Wai ling Cheung
    Quality of Life Research.2020; 29(7): 1913.     CrossRef
  • Non-Exercise Based Estimation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Mediates Associations between Comorbidities and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Korean Adults with Diabetes
    Inhwan Lee, Shinuk Kim, Hyunsik Kang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(4): 1164.     CrossRef
  • Health related quality of life and healthcare utilization among adults with diabetes and kidney and eye complications in the United States
    Abdulkarim M. Meraya, Monira Alwhaibi
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Limitations of Deep Learning Attention Mechanisms in Clinical Research: Empirical Case Study Based on the Korean Diabetic Disease Setting
    Junetae Kim, Sangwon Lee, Eugene Hwang, Kwang Sun Ryu, Hanseok Jeong, Jae Wook Lee, Yul Hwangbo, Kui Son Choi, Hyo Soung Cha
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2020; 22(12): e18418.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Adults with Diabetes Mellitus
    Mihyun Jeong
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(23): 9058.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Fact Sheet in Korea, 2016: An Appraisal of Current Status
    Jong Chul Won, Jae Hyuk Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Eun Seok Kang, Kyu Chang Won, Dae Jung Kim, Moon-Kyu Lee
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(5): 415.     CrossRef
  • Does ancestry influence health-related quality of life in type 1 diabetes patients? A nationwide study in Brazil
    Deborah Conte Santos, Marcela Haas Pizarro, Bianca S. V. Barros, Laura G. Nunes de Melo, Luis Cristovão Porto, Dayse A. Silva, Marilia Brito Gomes
    Acta Diabetologica.2018; 55(4): 377.     CrossRef
  • Lipid profiles in adolescents with and without asthma: Korea National Health and nutrition examination survey data
    Sun-Hye Ko, Jaewook Jeong, Myong Ki Baeg, Kyung-Do Han, Hwan Soo Kim, Jong-seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Yoon Hong Chun
    Lipids in Health and Disease.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Health Status of Type 2 Diabetes Outpatients Receiving Care in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria
    Maxwell Ogochukwu Adibe, Chibueze Anosike, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Abdulmuminu Isah
    PharmacoEconomics - Open.2018; 2(3): 337.     CrossRef
  • Association between chronic conditions and health-related quality of life: differences by level of urbanization in Peru
    Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Elizabeth Sarah Abbs, Maria Lazo-Porras, William Checkley, Robert H. Gilman, Liam Smeeth, J. Jaime Miranda, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
    Quality of Life Research.2017; 26(12): 3439.     CrossRef
  • The impact of weight misperception on health-related quality of life in Korean adults (KNHANES 2007–2014): a community-based cross-sectional study
    Susan Park, Sejin Lee, Jinseub Hwang, Jin-Won Kwon
    BMJ Open.2017; 7(6): e016098.     CrossRef
  • Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes
    Melba Sheila D'Souza, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Kader Parahoo, Ramesh Venkatesaperumal, Susan Achora, Arcalyd Rose R. Cayaban
    Applied Nursing Research.2017; 36: 25.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with health-related quality of life in Koreans aged over 50 Years: the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Kyoung Min Kwon, Jung Soo Lee, Na Eun Jeon, Yeo Hyung Kim
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Quality of Life in Patients with Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures
    Ho Jin Jung, Ye-Soo Park, Hyoung-Yeon Seo, Jae-Chul Lee, Ki-Chan An, Jin-Hyok Kim, Byung-Joon Shin, Tae Wook Kang, Si Young Park
    Journal of Bone Metabolism.2017; 24(3): 187.     CrossRef
  • Health Related Quality of Life among Omani Men and Women with Type 2 Diabetes
    Melba Sheila D’Souza, Ramesh Venkatesaperumal, Susan D. Ruppert, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Devakirubai Jacob
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2016; 2016: 1.     CrossRef
  • Heavy Alcohol Consumption with Alcoholic Liver Disease Accelerates Sarcopenia in Elderly Korean Males: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010
    Do Seon Song, U Im Chang, Sooa Choi, Yun Duk Jung, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Yu-Bae Ahn, Jin Mo Yang, Masaki Mogi
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(9): e0163222.     CrossRef
  • Negative effect of a previous diagnosis of diabetes on quality of life in a Japanese population: The Gifu Diabetes Study
    Yukiko Nonoyama, Mayumi Yamamoto, Shino Oba, Chisato Nagata, Kazuki Matsui, Jun Takeda
    Diabetology International.2016; 7(2): 148.     CrossRef
  • The impact of type 2 diabetes on health related quality of life in Bangladesh: results from a matched study comparing treated cases with non-diabetic controls
    Novie Safita, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Clara K. Chow, Louis Niessen, Andreas Lechner, Rolf Holle, Michael Laxy
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Utilities for Type 2 Diabetes Treatment-Related Attributes in a South Korean and Taiwanese Population
    Narayan Rajan, Kristina S. Boye, Meaghan Gibbs, Yoon Ji Lee, Peter Davey, Mark Ball, Steve M. Babineaux
    Value in Health Regional Issues.2016; 9: 67.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitudes, and quality of life of type 2 diabetes patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    IbrahimSuliman Al-Aboudi, MohammedAzmi Hassali, AsrulAkmal Shafie
    Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences.2016; 8(3): 195.     CrossRef
  • Low muscle mass is associated with metabolic syndrome only in nonobese young adults: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010
    Byung Chul Kim, Mee Kyoung Kim, Kyungdo Han, Sae-Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Seung-Hyun Ko, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Anwar T. Merchant, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong Gyu Park, Yong-Moon Park
    Nutrition Research.2015; 35(12): 1070.     CrossRef
  • Insulin Resistance Is Associated with Intraocular Pressure Elevation in a Non-Obese Korean Population
    Yoon Hong Chun, Kyungdo Han, Shin Hae Park, Kyung-Min Park, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong Gyu Park, Yong-Moon Park, Stephen L. Atkin
    PLoS ONE.2015; 10(1): e112929.     CrossRef
  • Sarcopenia as a Determinant of Blood Pressure in Older Koreans: Findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) 2008–2010
    Kyungdo Han, Yu-Mi Park, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, Seung-Hyun Ko, Seung-Hwan Lee, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong Gyu Park, Mee Kyoung Kim, Yong-Moon Park, Yan Li
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(1): e86902.     CrossRef
  • Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among diabetes mellitus: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV, V) from 2007 to 2012
    Jae Ho Chung, Kitae Moon, Do Hyung Kim, Joo-Won Min, Tae Ho Kim, Hee-Jin Hwang
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2014; 77(6): 457.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and Depressive Symptoms in Korean Women: The Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2011)
    Han Na Sung, Hong Seok Chae, Eung Soo Kim, Jong Sung Kim
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2014; 35(3): 127.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Hemorrhoids in Korean Adults: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jong-Hyun Lee, Hyo-Eun Kim, Ji-Hun Kang, Jin-Young Shin, Yun-Mi Song
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2014; 35(5): 227.     CrossRef
  • The Health Technology Assessment Environment in Mainland China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan—Implications for the Evaluation of Diabetes Mellitus Therapies
    Tessa Kennedy-Martin, Beth D. Mitchell, Kristina S. Boye, Wen Chen, Bradley H. Curtis, Jennifer A. Flynn, Shunya Ikeda, Li Liu, Yen Huei Tarn, Bong-Min Yang, Emmanuel Papadimitropoulos
    Value in Health Regional Issues.2014; 3: 108.     CrossRef
  • Can “Healthy” Normal Alanine Aminotransferase Levels Identify the Metabolically Obese Phenotype? Findings from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008–2010
    Hee Yeon Kim, Chang Wook Kim, Chang Don Lee, Jong Young Choi, Chung-Hwa Park, Si Hyun Bae, Seung Kew Yoon, Kyungdo Han, Yong-Moon Park
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences.2014; 59(6): 1330.     CrossRef
  • The impact of new screen-detected and previously known type 2 diabetes on health-related quality of life: a population-based study in Qingdao, China
    Yanlei Zhang, Jianping Sun, Zengchang Pang, Xiaoyong Wang, Weiguo Gao, Feng Ning, Jie Ren, Anil Kapur, Harri Sintonen, Qing Qiao
    Quality of Life Research.2014; 23(8): 2319.     CrossRef
  • Increasing achievement of the target goals for glycemic, blood pressure and lipid control for adults with diagnosed diabetes in Korea
    Sung Hoon Yu, Jun Goo Kang, Yoo‐Cheol Hwang, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Hyung Joon Yoo, Hong Yup Ahn, Sung Woo Park, Cheol‐Young Park
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2013; 4(5): 460.     CrossRef
  • Psychosocial needs of cancer patients and related factors: a multi‐center, cross‐sectional study in Korea
    Kyung‐Hyun Choi, Jae‐Hyun Park, Jong‐Hyock Park, Joo‐Sung Park
    Psycho-Oncology.2013; 22(5): 1073.     CrossRef
  • Correlates of health-related quality of life in French people with type 2 diabetes
    I. Bourdel-Marchasson, C. Druet, C. Helmer, E. Eschwege, P. Lecomte, M. Le-Goff, A.J. Sinclair, A. Fagot-Campagna
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2013; 101(2): 226.     CrossRef
  • Diet Therapy in Patients of Diabetic Nephropathy
    Ji-Youn Kim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2013; 14(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • Health‐related quality of life among Tianjin Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes: A cross‐sectional survey
    Ji‐Yan Cong, Yue Zhao, Qun‐Yan Xu, Chun‐De Zhong, Qiu‐Ling Xing
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2012; 14(4): 528.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Frequency of Follow-Up on Quality of Life of Type 2 Diabetes Patients on Oral Hypoglycemics
    Ming Hu, Zhiguang Zhou, Fang Zeng, Zhenqiu Sun
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2012; 14(9): 777.     CrossRef
Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetic Patients.
Tae Ho Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Soo Lim, In Kyung Jeong, Hyun Shik Son, Choon Hee Chung, Gwanpyo Koh, Dae Ho Lee, Kyu Chang Won, Jeong Hyun Park, Tae Sun Park, Jihyun Ahn, Jaetaek Kim, Keun Gyu Park, Seung Hyun Ko, Yu Bae Ahn, Inkyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2009;33(1):40-47.   Published online February 1, 2009
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2009.33.1.40
  • 2,497 View
  • 28 Download
  • 13 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Korean type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: A total of 4,240 diabetic patients (male 2,033, female 2,207; mean age 58.7 +/- 11.3 years; DM duration 8.9 +/- 7.6 years) were selected from the data of endocrine clinics of 13 university hospitals in 2006. Metabolic syndrome was defined using the criteria of the American Heart Association/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute and the criteria of waist circumference from the Korean Society for the Study of Obesity. RESULTS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 77.9% (76.7% of males, 78.9% of females). The average number of the components of metabolic syndrome was 2.4 +/- 1.1. Abdominal obesity was seen in 56.8% of the patients, hypertriglyceridemia in 42.0%, low HDL cholesterol in 65.1%, and high blood pressure in 74.9%. Abdominal obesity and high blood pressure were much more prevalent among females than males, and low HDL cholesterol was much more prevalent among males than females. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was not different according to the duration of diabetes. Metabolic syndrome was strongly related with obesity (odds ratio, 6.3) and increased age (odds ratio in the over 70 group, 3.4). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 77.9% in Korean type 2 diabetic patients. Its prevalence was greater in obese patients and in those over 40 years of age.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Novel Clinical Predictor of Metabolic Syndrome: Vascular Risk Age
    Abdulrahman Naser, Didar Elif Akgün, Rengin Çetin Güvenç, Samet Sayılan, Özgen Şafak
    Bagcilar Medical Bulletin.2023; 9(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Risk of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Subjects with Prediabetes Overlapping Metabolic Syndrome
    Seol A Jang, Kyoung Min Kim, Seok Won Park, Chul Sik Kim
    Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders.2022; 20(10): 599.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic Age, an Index Based on Basal Metabolic Rate, Can Predict Individuals That are High Risk of Developing Metabolic Syndrome
    Sarahi Vásquez-Alvarez, Sergio K. Bustamante-Villagomez, Gabriela Vazquez-Marroquin, Leonardo M. Porchia, Ricardo Pérez-Fuentes, Enrique Torres-Rasgado, Oscar Herrera-Fomperosa, Ivette Montes-Arana, M. Elba Gonzalez-Mejia
    High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention.2021; 28(3): 263.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic syndrome among type 2 diabetic patients in Sub-Saharan African countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Tadesse Yirga Akalu, Mihretie Gedefaw, Denis Anthony, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Worku Misganaw Kebede, Henok Mulugeta, Getenet Dessie, Yared Asmare Aynalem
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2020; 14(5): 1403.     CrossRef
  • Optimal Waist Circumference Cutoff Value Based on Insulin Resistance and Visceral Obesity in Koreans with Type 2 Diabetes
    Jung Soo Lim, Young Ju Choi, Soo-Kyung Kim, Byoung Wook Huh, Eun Jig Lee, Kap Bum Huh
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2015; 39(3): 253.     CrossRef
  • The Relations between Diabetic Dietary Compliance, Dietary Intake, and Physical Activity and the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
    Dong Eun Kim, Seung Hee Hong, Ji-Myung Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2015; 20(5): 351.     CrossRef
  • The Comparison between Periodontal Health Status and the Findings of Hypertension and Diabetes Disease of some Workers
    In-Young Ku, Seon-Jeong Moon, Kyung-Hwan Ka, Myeong-Seon Lee
    The Korean Journal of Health Service Management.2013; 7(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Factors of Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adult Males and the Parents' Family History of Diabetes
    Hyung-Su Park, Jin-Gyu Jeong, Jin-Ho Yu
    The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences.2013; 8(5): 779.     CrossRef
  • Associations of serum fetuin-A levels with insulin resistance and vascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Chan-Hee Jung, Bo-Yeon Kim, Chul-Hee Kim, Sung-Koo Kang, Sang-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok
    Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research.2013; 10(5): 459.     CrossRef
  • Cardio-Metabolic Features of Type 2 Diabetes Subjects Discordant in the Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome
    Sa Rah Lee, Ying Han, Ja Won Kim, Ja Young Park, Ji Min Kim, Sunghwan Suh, Mi-Kyoung Park, Hye-Jeong Lee, Duk Kyu Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2012; 36(5): 357.     CrossRef
  • Comorbidity Study on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Data Mining
    Hye Soon Kim, A Mi Shin, Mi Kyung Kim, Yoon Nyun Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2012; 27(2): 197.     CrossRef
  • Therapeutic Target Achievement in Type 2 Diabetic Patients after Hyperglycemia, Hypertension, Dyslipidemia Management
    Ah Young Kang, Su Kyung Park, So Young Park, Hye Jeong Lee, Ying Han, Sa Ra Lee, Sung Hwan Suh, Duk Kyu Kim, Mi Kyoung Park
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(3): 264.     CrossRef
  • The Correlations between Extremity Circumferences with Total and Regional Amounts of Skeletal Muscle and Muscle Strength in Obese Women with Type 2 Diabetes
    Hwi Ryun Kwon, Kyung Ah Han, Hee Jung Ahn, Jae Hyuk Lee, Gang Seo Park, Kyung Wan Min
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2011; 35(4): 374.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
Close layer