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Role of CRTC2 in Metabolic Homeostasis: Key Regulator of Whole-Body Energy Metabolism?
Hye-Sook Han, Yongmin Kwon, Seung-Hoi Koo
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(4):498-508.   Published online March 5, 2020
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  • 172 Download
  • 15 Web of Science
  • 16 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   ePub   

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling is critical for regulating metabolic homeostasis in mammals. In particular, transcriptional regulation by cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and its coactivator, CREB-regulated transcription coactivator (CRTC), is essential for controlling the expression of critical enzymes in the metabolic process, leading to more chronic changes in metabolic flux. Among the CRTC isoforms, CRTC2 is predominantly expressed in peripheral tissues and has been shown to be associated with various metabolic pathways in tissue-specific manners. While initial reports showed the physiological role of CRTC2 in regulating gluconeogenesis in the liver, recent studies have further delineated the role of this transcriptional coactivator in the regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism in various tissues, including the liver, pancreatic islets, endocrine tissues of the small intestines, and adipose tissues. In this review, we discuss recent studies that have utilized knockout mouse models to delineate the role of CRTC2 in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis.


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  • Biological functions of CRTC2 and its role in metabolism-related diseases
    Hong-Yu Zheng, Yan-Xia Wang, Kun Zhou, Hai-Lin Xie, Zhong Ren, Hui-Ting Liu, Yang-Shao Ou, Zhi-Xiang Zhou, Zhi-Sheng Jiang
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    Molecules and Cells.2023; 46(7): 399.     CrossRef
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  • The Role of Small Heterodimer Partner-Interacting Leucine Zipper (SMILE) as a Transcriptional Corepressor in Hepatic Glucose and Lipid Metabolism
    Woo-Ram Park, Byungyoon Choi, Nanthini Sadasivam, Don-Kyu Kim
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Original Article
Essential Role of Protein Arginine Methyltransferase 1 in Pancreas Development by Regulating Protein Stability of Neurogenin 3
Kanghoon Lee, Hyunki Kim, Joonyub Lee, Chang-Myung Oh, Heein Song, Hyeongseok Kim, Seung-Hoi Koo, Junguee Lee, Ajin Lim, Hail Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(5):649-658.   Published online April 8, 2019
  • 5,665 View
  • 71 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is a major enzyme responsible for the formation of methylarginine in mammalian cells. Recent studies have revealed that PRMT1 plays important roles in the development of various tissues. However, its role in pancreas development has not yet been elucidated.


Pancreatic progenitor cell-specific Prmt1 knock-out (Prmt1 PKO) mice were generated and characterized for their metabolic and histological phenotypes and their levels of Neurog3 gene expression and neurogenin 3 (NGN3) protein expression. Protein degradation assays were performed in mPAC cells.


Prmt1 PKO mice showed growth retardation and a severely diabetic phenotype. The pancreatic size and β-cell mass were significantly reduced in Prmt1 PKO mice. Proliferation of progenitor cells during the secondary transition was decreased and endocrine cell differentiation was impaired. These defects in pancreas development could be attributed to the sustained expression of NGN3 in progenitor cells. Protein degradation assays in mPAC cells revealed that PRMT1 was required for the rapid degradation of NGN3.


PRMT1 critically contributes to pancreas development by destabilizing the NGN3 protein.


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    Cell & Bioscience.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Role of protein arginine methyltransferase 1 in obesity‐related metabolic disorders: Research progress and implications
    Xiaolei Xuan, Yongjiao Zhang, Yufan Song, Bingyang Zhang, Junjun Liu, Dong Liu, Sumei Lu
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Arginine 65 methylation of Neurogenin 3 by PRMT1 is required for pancreatic endocrine development of hESCs
    Gahyang Cho, Kwangbeom Hyun, Jieun Choi, Eunji Shin, Bumsoo Kim, Hail Kim, Jaehoon Kim, Yong-Mahn Han
    Experimental & Molecular Medicine.2023; 55(7): 1506.     CrossRef
  • Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 in the generation of immune megakaryocytes: A perspective review
    Xinyang Zhao, Zechen Chong, Yabing Chen, X. Long Zheng, Qian-Fei Wang, Yueying Li
    Journal of Biological Chemistry.2022; 298(11): 102517.     CrossRef
  • Arginine 65 Methylation of Neurogenin 3 by PRMT1 Is Required for Pancreatic Endocrine Development of hESCs
    Gahyang Cho, Kwangbeom Hyun, Jieun Choi, Eun Ji Shin, Bumsoo Kim, Hail Kim, Jaehoon Kim, Yong-Mahn Han
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Protein Arginine Methyltransferase 1 Is Essential for the Meiosis of Male Germ Cells
    Sahar Waseem, Sudeep Kumar, Kanghoon Lee, Byoung-Ha Yoon, Mirang Kim, Hail Kim, Keesook Lee
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(15): 7951.     CrossRef
  • Proteome-Wide Alterations of Asymmetric Arginine Dimethylation Associated With Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Pathogenesis
    Meijin Wei, Chaochao Tan, Zhouqin Tang, Yingying Lian, Ying Huang, Yi Chen, Congwei Chen, Wen Zhou, Tao Cai, Jiliang Hu
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

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