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Low Levels of Physical Activity Are Associated with Increased Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Korean Adults
Dong Hoon Lee, Yoon Myung Kim, Yoonsuk Jekal, Sukyung Park, Kyong-Chol Kim, Masayo Naruse, Sun Hyun Kim, Sang-Hwan Kim, Ji-Hye Park, Mi Kyung Lee, Sang Hui Chu, Justin Y. Jeon
Diabetes Metab J. 2013;37(2):132-139.   Published online April 16, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2013.37.2.132
  • 4,616 View
  • 32 Download
  • 22 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

Low levels of physical activity (PA) are strongly associated with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and chronic diseases. However, few studies have examined this association in Koreans. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the associations between PA and MetS risks in Korean adults.

Methods

A total of 1,016 Korean adults (494 males and 522 females) participated in this study. PA levels were assessed using the International PA Questionnaire. MetS risk factors were determined using clinically established diagnostic criteria.

Results

Compared with the highest PA group, the group with the lowest level of PA was at greater risk of high triglyceride (TG) in males (odds ratio [OR], 1.87; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.07 to 3.24) and of hemoglobin A1c ≥5.5% in females (OR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.00 to 3.04) after adjusting for age and body mass index. Compared with subjects who met the PA guidelines, those who did not meet the guidelines were more likely to have low high density lipoprotein cholesterol in both males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.11 to 2.58), and females (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.20 to 2.77). Furthermore, those who did not meet the PA guidelines were at increased risk of high TG levels in males (OR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.23 to 2.86) and abnormal fasting glucose (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 1.17 to 3.20) and MetS (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.15 to 3.84) in females.

Conclusion

Increased levels of PA are significantly associated with a decreased risk of abnormal MetS components.

Citations

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  • Effects of a Physical Exercise Programme through Service-Learning Methodology on Physical Activity, Physical Fitness and Perception of Physical Fitness and Health in University Students from Spain: A Preliminary Study
    Antonio Jesús Casimiro-Andújar, Eva Artés-Rodríguez, David M. Díez-Fernández, María-Jesús Lirola
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(4): 3377.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of a Mobile and Wearable Device Intervention on Increased Physical Activity to Prevent Metabolic Syndrome: Observational Study
    Hee Jin Kim, Kang Hyun Lee, Jung Hun Lee, Hyun Youk, Hee Young Lee
    JMIR mHealth and uHealth.2022; 10(2): e34059.     CrossRef
  • Does the Presence of Metabolic Syndrome Alter Serum Uric Acid Concentrations, Pain, and Well-Being in Patient with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain?
    Şeyda TOPRAK ÇELENAY, Derya ÖZER KAYA, Senem ŞAŞ
    Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences.2022; 12(4): 793.     CrossRef
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  • Relationship between Physical Activity Level, Amount of Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Male Drinkers
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    Sunghyun Hong, Junga Lee, Jihye Park, Mikyung Lee, Ji Young Kim, Kyong-Chol Kim, Sun Hyun Kim, Jee Aee Im, Sang Hui Chu, Sang Hoon Suh, Sang Hwan Kim, Justin Y Jeon
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    Silvio Buscemi, Delia Sprini, Giuseppe Grosso, Fabio Galvano, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppe Lucisano, Fatima M. Massenti, Emanuele Amodio, Giovam B. Rini
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  • Gender Difference in the Association of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components with Age-Related Cataract: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010
    Young-Hoon Park, Jeong Ah Shin, Kyungdo Han, Hyeon Woo Yim, Won-Chul Lee, Yong-Moon Park, Yingfeng Zheng
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    Wei-Hong Zhang, Peng Xue, Meng-Ying Yao, Hai-Min Chang, Yan Wu, Lei Zhang
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Association between Obesity and Physical Fitness, and Hemoglobin A1c Level and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults
Yoonsuk Jekal, Mi-Kyung Lee, Sukyung Park, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jun-Young Kim, Jung-Ui Kang, Masayo Naruse, Sang-Hwan Kim, Sun-Hyeon Kim, Sang Hui Chu, Sang-Hoon Suh, Justin Y Jeon
Korean Diabetes J. 2010;34(3):182-190.   Published online June 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/kdj.2010.34.3.182
  • 4,217 View
  • 23 Download
  • 12 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   
Background

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association of obesity level, physical fitness level, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level and metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors among Korean adults.

Methods

A total of 557 adults (272 males and 285 females) who underwent medical check-up at local hospital were recruited. In addition to regular health check-up, cardiopulmonary fitness, muscular endurance were measured and their association were analyzed.

Results

The prevalence of MetS was 31.7% for males and 23.7% for females. Females with the higher muscular endurance had lower waist circumference, triglyceride level, and HbA1c level than those with the lower muscular endurance. Males with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower diastolic blood pressure, lower high-sensitivity C-reactive protein level and higher high density lipoprotein cholesterol level than males with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Females with the higher level of cardiopulmonary fitness had lower body weight, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and fasting blood glucose level than females with the lower level of cardiopulmonary fitness. Participants with the higher level of adiposity and the lower level of physical fitness were 5.26 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.19 to 12.62), 5.71 times (95% CI, 2.23 to 14.60) more likely to have MetS, respectively, in male and female compared to participants who were neither obese nor have the lower level of fitness.

Conclusion

This study suggests that maintaining a healthy body weight as well as a certain level of fitness is important for the prevention of MetS.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Muscular strength and cardiovascular risk factors in adults: a systematic review
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