Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal

Search
OPEN ACCESS

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
38 "Jun Sung Moon"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Original Articles
Drug/Regimen
The Efficacy and Safety of Moderate-Intensity Rosuvastatin with Ezetimibe versus High-Intensity Rosuvastatin in High Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized, Multicenter, Open, Parallel, Phase 4 Study
Jun Sung Moon, Il Rae Park, Sang Soo Kim, Hye Soon Kim, Nam Hoon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Seung Hyun Ko, Ji Hyun Lee, Inkyu Lee, Bo Kyeong Lee, Kyu Chang Won
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(6):818-825.   Published online November 24, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2023.0171
  • 1,683 View
  • 206 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
To investigate the efficacy and safety of moderate-intensity rosuvastatin/ezetimibe combination compared to highintensity rosuvastatin in high atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods
This study was a randomized, multicenter, open, parallel phase 4 study, and enrolled T2DM subjects with an estimated 10-year ASCVD risk ≥7.5%. The primary endpoint was the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) change rate after 24-week rosuvastatin 10 mg/ezetimibe 10 mg treatment was non-inferior to that of rosuvastatin 20 mg. The achievement proportion of 10-year ASCVD risk <7.5% or comprehensive lipid target (LDL-C <70 mg/dL, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <100 mg/dL, and apolipoprotein B <80 mg/dL) without discontinuation, and several metabolic parameters were explored as secondary endpoints.
Results
A hundred and six participants were assigned to each group. Both groups showed significant reduction in % change of LDL-C from baseline at week 24 (–63.90±6.89 vs. –55.44±6.85, combination vs. monotherapy, p=0.0378; respectively), but the combination treatment was superior to high-intensity monotherapy in LDL-C change (%) from baseline (least square [LS] mean difference, –8.47; 95% confidence interval, –16.44 to –0.49; p=0.0378). The combination treatment showed a higher proportion of achieved comprehensive lipid targets rather than monotherapy (85.36% vs. 62.22% in monotherapy, p=0.015). The ezetimibe combination significantly improved homeostasis model assessment of β-cell function even without A1c changes (LS mean difference, 17.13; p=0.0185).
Conclusion
In high ASCVD risk patients with T2DM, the combination of moderate-intensity rosuvastatin and ezetimibe was not only non-inferior but also superior to improving dyslipidemia with additional benefits compared to high-intensity rosuvastatin monotherapy.
Drug/Regimen
Efficacy and Safety of Evogliptin Add-on Therapy to Dapagliflozin/Metformin Combinations in Patients with Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A 24-Week Multicenter Randomized Placebo-Controlled Parallel-Design Phase-3 Trial with a 28-Week Extension
Jun Sung Moon, Il Rae Park, Hae Jin Kim, Choon Hee Chung, Kyu Chang Won, Kyung Ah Han, Cheol-Young Park, Jong Chul Won, Dong Jun Kim, Gwan Pyo Koh, Eun Sook Kim, Jae Myung Yu, Eun-Gyoung Hong, Chang Beom Lee, Kun-Ho Yoon
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(6):808-817.   Published online September 26, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0387
  • 2,065 View
  • 240 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
This study investigates the long-term efficacy and safety of evogliptin add-on therapy in patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) previously received dapagliflozin and metformin (DAPA/MET) combination.
Methods
In this multicenter randomized placebo-controlled phase 3 trial, patients with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels 7.0% to 10.5% (n=283) previously used DAPA 10 mg plus MET (≥1,000 mg) were randomly assigned to the evogliptin 5 mg once daily or placebo group (1:1). The primary endpoint was the difference in the HbA1c level from baseline at week 24, and exploratory endpoints included the efficacy and safety of evogliptin over 52 weeks (trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04170998).
Results
Evogliptin add-on to DAPA/MET therapy was superior in HbA1c reduction compared to placebo at weeks 24 and 52 (least square [LS] mean difference, –0.65% and –0.55%; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.79 to –0.51 and –0.71 to –0.39; P<0.0001). The proportion of patients achieving HbA1c <7% was higher in the triple combination group at week 52 (32.14% vs. 8.51% in placebo; odds ratio, 5.62; P<0.0001). Evogliptin significantly reduced the fasting glucose levels and mean daily glucose levels with improvement in homeostatic model assessment of β-cell function (LS mean difference, 9.04; 95% CI, 1.86 to 16.21; P=0.0138). Adverse events were similar between the groups, and no serious adverse drug reactions were reported in the evogliptin group.
Conclusion
Long-term triple combination with evogliptin added to DAPA/MET showed superior HbA1c reduction and glycemic control compared to placebo at 52 weeks and was well tolerated.
Editorial
Navigating the Seas of Glycemic Control: The Role of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Jun Sung Moon
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(3):345-346.   Published online May 26, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2023.0125
  • 1,019 View
  • 90 Download
PDFPubReader   ePub   
Original Article
Drug/Regimen
Safety and Effectiveness of Empagliflozin in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Results from a Nationwide Post-Marketing Surveillance
Jun Sung Moon, Nam Hoon Kim, Jin Oh Na, Jae Hyoung Cho, In-Kyung Jeong, Soon Hee Lee, Ji-Oh Mok, Nan Hee Kim, Dong Jin Chung, Jinhong Cho, Dong Woo Lee, Sun Woo Lee, Kyu Chang Won
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(1):82-91.   Published online June 20, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0356
  • 5,583 View
  • 290 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of empagliflozin in routine clinical settings, we collected and assessed the clinical profiles of Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Methods
This was a post-marketing surveillance study of empagliflozin 10 and 25 mg. Information on adverse events and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) was collected as safety data sets. Available effectiveness outcomes, including glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level, fasting plasma glucose, body weight, and blood pressure, were assessed.
Results
The incidence rate of ADRs was 5.14% in the safety dataset (n=3,231). Pollakiuria, pruritis genital, and weight loss were the most common ADRs. ADRs of special interest accounted for only 1.18%, and there were no serious events that led to mortality or hospitalization. In the effectiveness data set (n=2,567), empagliflozin significantly reduced the mean HbA1c level and body weight during the study period by –0.68%±1.39% and –1.91±3.37 kg (both P<0.0001), respectively. In addition, shorter disease duration, absence of dyslipidemia, and higher baseline HbA1c levels were identified as the clinical features characteristic of a “responder” to empagliflozin therapy.
Conclusion
Empagliflozin is a safe and potent glucose-lowering drug in routine use among Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is expected to have better glycemic efficacy in Korean patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of the Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Empagliflozin Formulations in Healthy Korean Subjects
    Xu Jiang, Sungyeun Bae, Deok Yong Yoon, Shin Jung Park, Jaeseong Oh, Joo-Youn Cho, Kyung-Sang Yu
    Drug Design, Development and Therapy.2023; Volume 17: 2137.     CrossRef
  • Comparative safety of different sodium-glucose transporter 2 inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
    Chun Xing Li, Li Yan Liu, Chen Xiao Zhang, Xu Hua Geng, Si Meng Gu, Yu Qiao Wang, Hua Liu, Qing Xie, Shuo Liang
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Response
Efficacy and Safety of Treatment with Quadruple Oral Hypoglycemic Agents in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Multi-Center, Retrospective, Observational Study (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:675-83)
Jun Sung Moon, Sunghwan Suh, Sang Soo Kim, Heung Yong Jin
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(1):162-163.   Published online January 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0331
  • 2,789 View
  • 120 Download
PDFPubReader   ePub   
Special Editorial
Drug/Regimen
The History of Insulin Therapy in Korea
Jun Sung Moon, Jong Chul Won, Young Min Cho
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(5):623-628.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0171
  • 3,864 View
  • 134 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
PDFPubReader   ePub   

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • History of insulin treatment of pediatric patients with diabetes in Korea
    Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
    Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism.2021; 26(4): 237.     CrossRef
Response
Impact of Social Distancing Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 on the Changes in Glycosylated Hemoglobin Level in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:109-14)
Sung-Don Park, Sung-Woo Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Jae-Han Jeon, Mi Kyung Kim, Keun-Gyu Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(2):279-280.   Published online March 25, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0300
  • 4,045 View
  • 86 Download
  • 1 Crossref
PDFPubReader   ePub   

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A cross-sectional study on the telemedicine usage and glycemic status of diabetic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic
    Novi Sulistia Wati, Pokkate Wongsasuluk, Pradana Soewondo
    Medical Journal of Indonesia.2021; 30(3): 215.     CrossRef
Short Communication
COVID-19
Impact of Social Distancing Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 on the Changes in Glycosylated Hemoglobin Level in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Sung-Don Park, Sung-Woo Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Yin Young Lee, Nan Hee Cho, Ji-Hyun Lee, Jae-Han Jeon, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Mi Kyung Kim, Keun-Gyu Park
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(1):109-114.   Published online December 4, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0226
  • 9,085 View
  • 305 Download
  • 19 Web of Science
  • 21 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
This study investigated the impact of social distancing due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We retrospectively analyzed the change in glycosylated hemoglobin level (ΔHbA1c) in people with T2DM who undertook social distancing because of COVID-19. We compared the ΔHbA1c between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 cohorts that were enrolled at the same time of year. The ΔHbA1c of the COVID-19 cohort was significantly higher than that of two non-COVID-19 cohorts. Subgroup analysis according to age and baseline HbA1c level showed that social distancing significantly increased the mean HbA1c level of participants of <50 years. The ΔHbA1c of participants of <50 years and with HbA1c <7.0% in the COVID-19 cohort showed larger changes than other subgroups. In adjusted model, adjusted ΔHbA1c levels in the COVID-19 cohort remained significantly higher than those in the two other cohorts. Social distancing negatively impacts blood glucose control in people with T2DM, especially those who are younger and have good blood glucose control.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Impact of two COVID-19 lockdowns on HbA1c levels in patients with type 2 diabetes and associations with patient characteristics: a multicentre, observational cohort study over three years
    Ingmar Schäfer, Daniel Tajdar, Laura Walther, Lasse Bittner, Dagmar Lühmann, Martin Scherer
    Frontiers in Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-Care of Adults with Type 2 Diabetes During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Interpretive Description Study
    Michela Luciani, Camilla Bigoni, Marta Canesi, Matteo Masotto, Diletta Fabrizi, Stefania Di Mauro, Davide Ausili
    Clinical Nursing Research.2023; 32(1): 73.     CrossRef
  • Changes in body weight and glycemic control in association with COVID-19 Shutdown among 23,000 adults with type 2 diabetes
    Emily Panza, Kevin E. Kip, Kripa Venkatakrishnan, Oscar C. Marroquin, Rena R. Wing
    Acta Diabetologica.2023; 60(6): 787.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of a Lockdown for the COVID-19 Pandemic on Seasonal HbA1c Variation in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Yu-Cheng Cheng, Yu-Hsuan Li, Hsiu-Chen Liu, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Wan-Jen Chang, I-Te Lee, Chin-Li Lu
    Life.2023; 13(3): 763.     CrossRef
  • Changes in the mean incidence and variance of orthopedic diseases before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Korea: a retrospective study
    Joo-Hee Kim, Mi Jung Kwon, Hyo Geun Choi, Sang Jun Lee, Sangwon Hwang, Jaemin Lee, San-Hui Lee, Jung Woo Lee
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Gender differences-based bioinformatics analysis to identify hub genes and key pathways in type 2 diabetes
    Md Sojib Hossain, Subrina Islam Rupa, Md Sumon Sarkar, Md Al Amin, Mst Tania Khatun, Md Shamim, Md Zahidul Islam
    Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.2023; 40: 101302.     CrossRef
  • Retrospective Study on the Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown on Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Northern Taiwan
    Hsuan Huang, Hsiao-Ling Su, Chih-Hsung Huang, Yi-Hsin Lin
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity.2023; Volume 16: 2539.     CrossRef
  • Understanding impacts of COVID-19 restrictions on glycemic control for patients with diabetes in Japan
    Kiyoko Uno-Eder, Noriko Satoh-Asahara, Manabu Hibiya, Kenji Uno, Takuya Uchino, Koji Morita, Toshio Ishikawa, Tetsuji Kaneko, Hajime Yamakage, Yuki Kitaoka, Tomohiro Sawa, Kazuhisa Tsukamoto, Tamio Teramoto
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2023; 22(2): 1695.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on unmet social needs, self-care, and outcomes among people with diabetes and poor glycemic control
    Minal R. Patel, Guanghao Zhang, Cindy Leung, Peter X.K. Song, Michele Heisler, Hae Mi Choe, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Xu Shi, Kenneth Resnicow, Geila Rajaee, John D. Piette
    Primary Care Diabetes.2022; 16(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Glycemic Control and Blood Pressure Control in Patients with Diabetes in Japan
    Keisuke Endo, Takayuki Miki, Takahito Itoh, Hirofumi Kubo, Ryosuke Ito, Kouhei Ohno, Hiroyuki Hotta, Nobuo Kato, Tomoaki Matsumoto, Aya Kitamura, Mai Tamayama, Takako Wataya, Ayaka Yamaya, Rei Ishikawa, Hitoshi Ooiwa
    Internal Medicine.2022; 61(1): 37.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of COVID-19 Lockdown on Glycaemic Control and Lipid Profile in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Omorogieva Ojo, Xiao-Hua Wang, Osarhumwese Osaretin Ojo, Edith Orjih, Nivedita Pavithran, Amanda Rodrigues Amorim Adegboye, Qian-Qian Feng, Paul McCrone
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(3): 1095.     CrossRef
  • Lifestyles Under Lockdown: A Scoping Review of International Studies on Type 2 Diabetes Self-Management Behaviors During COVID-19
    Caroline Cummings, Kagnica Seng, Ryan Tweet, Julie Wagner
    Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Substitution of telemedicine for clinic visit during the COVID‐19 pandemic of 2020: Comparison of telemedicine and clinic visit
    Yukiko Onishi, Rieko Ichihashi, Yoko Yoshida, Tazu Tahara, Takako Kikuchi, Toshiko Kobori, Tetsuya Kubota, Masahiko Iwamoto, Shoko Hamano, Masato Kasuga
    Journal of Diabetes Investigation.2022; 13(9): 1617.     CrossRef
  • The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the management of patients with chronic diseases in Primary Health Care
    Panagiotis Stachteas, Manolis Symvoulakis, Apostolos Tsapas, Emmanouil Smyrnakis
    Population Medicine.2022; 4(August): 1.     CrossRef
  • Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic and Lockdown on Monitoring and Treatment Balance of Finnish Coronary Heart Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Patients
    Piia Lavikainen, Marja-Leena Lamidi, Teppo Repo, Laura Inglin, Janne Martikainen, Tiina Laatikainen
    Clinical Epidemiology.2022; Volume 14: 1363.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Social Distancing Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 on the Changes in Glycosylated Hemoglobin Level in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:109-14)
    Junghyun Noh
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(2): 275.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Social Distancing Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 on the Changes in Glycosylated Hemoglobin Level in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (Diabetes Metab J 2021;45:109-14)
    Sung-Don Park, Sung-Woo Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Jae-Han Jeon, Mi Kyung Kim, Keun-Gyu Park
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(2): 279.     CrossRef
  • Glucose control in diabetes during home confinement for the first pandemic wave of COVID-19: a meta-analysis of observational studies
    Giovanni Antonio Silverii, Chiara Delli Poggi, Ilaria Dicembrini, Matteo Monami, Edoardo Mannucci
    Acta Diabetologica.2021; 58(12): 1603.     CrossRef
  • The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on glycemic control in patients with diabetes mellitus in Turkey: a multi-center study from Kocaeli
    Alev Selek, Emre Gezer, Eda Altun, Mehmet Sözen, Ömercan Topaloğlu, Damla Köksalan, Halil Demirkan, Dilek Karakaya, Berrin Cetinarslan, Zeynep Cantürk, Dilek Taymez
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2021; 20(2): 1461.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Social Distancing on Diabetes Management in Older Adults during COVID-19 Pandemic
    Soo Myoung Shin, Tae Jung Oh, Sung Hee Choi, Hak Chul Jang
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2021; 45(5): 765.     CrossRef
  • Year-Long Trend in Glycated Hemoglobin Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Jonghwa Jin, Seong Wook Lee, Won-Ki Lee, Jae-Han Jeon, Jung-Guk Kim, In-Kyu Lee, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Keun-Gyu Park
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(5): 1142.     CrossRef
Response
Response: The Risk of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Retrospective Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:405–13)
Seung Min Chung, June Hong Ahn, Jun Sung Moon
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(4):625-626.   Published online August 21, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0167
  • 4,612 View
  • 72 Download
  • 44 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
PDFPubReader   ePub   

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk factors and outcomes associated with diabetes mellitus in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analytic synthesis of observational studies
    Upasna Gaba, Mohammad Altamish, Md Azharuddin, Mohammad Adil, Pinaki Ghosh, Bishal Gyawali, Yogesh Yadav, Manju Sharma
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2022; 21(2): 1395.     CrossRef
  • Aging & COVID-19 susceptibility, disease severity, and clinical outcomes: The role of entangled risk factors
    Melina Farshbafnadi, Sara Kamali Zonouzi, Mohammadmahdi Sabahi, Mahsa Dolatshahi, Mohammad Hadi Aarabi
    Experimental Gerontology.2021; 154: 111507.     CrossRef
  • Incidence of Myocardial Injury in COVID-19-Infected Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Narut Prasitlumkum, Ronpichai Chokesuwattanaskul, Charat Thongprayoon, Tarun Bathini, Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
    Diseases.2020; 8(4): 40.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Drug/Regimen
Efficacy and Safety of Treatment with Quadruple Oral Hypoglycemic Agents in Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Multi-Center, Retrospective, Observational Study
Jun Sung Moon, Sunghwan Suh, Sang Soo Kim, Heung Yong Jin, Jeong Mi Kim, Min Hee Jang, Kyung Ae Lee, Ju Hyung Lee, Seung Min Chung, Young Sang Lyu, Jin Hwa Kim, Sang Yong Kim, Jung Eun Jang, Tae Nyun Kim, Sung Woo Kim, Eonju Jeon, Nan Hee Cho, Mi-Kyung Kim, Hye Soon Kim, Il Seong Nam-Goong, Eun Sook Kim, Jin Ook Chung, Dong-Hyeok Cho, Chang Won Lee, Young Il Kim, Dong Jin Chung, Kyu Chang Won, In Joo Kim, Tae Sun Park, Duk Kyu Kim, Hosang Shon
Diabetes Metab J. 2021;45(5):675-683.   Published online August 12, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0107
  • 34,897 View
  • 361 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 5 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

Only few studies have shown the efficacy and safety of glucose-control strategies using the quadruple drug combination. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of the quadruple combination therapy with oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs) in patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

From March 2014 to December 2018, data of patients with T2DM, who were treated with quadruple hypoglycemic medications for over 12 months in 11 hospitals in South Korea, were reviewed retrospectively. We compared glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels before and 12 months after quadruple treatment with OHAs. The safety, maintenance rate, and therapeutic patterns after failure of the quadruple therapy were also evaluated.

Results

In total, 357 patients were enrolled for quadruple OHA therapy, and the baseline HbA1c level was 9.0%±1.3% (74.9±14.1 mmol/mol). After 12 months, 270 patients (75.6%) adhered to the quadruple therapy and HbA1c was significantly reduced from 8.9%±1.2% to 7.8%±1.3% (mean change, −1.1%±1.2%; P<0.001). The number of patients with HbA1c <7% increased significantly from 5 to 68 (P<0.005). In addition, lipid profiles and liver enzyme levels were also improved whereas no changes in body weight. There was no significant safety issue in patients treated with quadruple OHA therapy.

Conclusion

This study shows the therapeutic efficacy of the quadruple OHA regimen T2DM and demonstrates that it can be an option for the management of T2DM patients who cannot use insulin or reject injectable therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimating Type 2 Diabetes Prevalence: A Model of Drug Consumption Data
    Rita Oliveira, Matilde Monteiro-Soares, José Pedro Guerreiro, Rúben Pereira, António Teixeira-Rodrigues
    Pharmacy.2024; 12(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of enavogliflozin versus dapagliflozin added to metformin plus gemigliptin treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes: A double-blind, randomized, comparator-active study: ENHANCE-D study
    Kyung-Soo Kim, Kyung Ah Han, Tae Nyun Kim, Cheol-Young Park, Jung Hwan Park, Sang Yong Kim, Yong Hyun Kim, Kee Ho Song, Eun Seok Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Gwanpyo Koh, Jun Goo Kang, Mi Kyung Kim, Ji Min Han, Nan Hee Kim, Ji Oh Mok, Jae Hyuk Lee, Soo Lim, Sang S
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2023; 49(4): 101440.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness and safety of teneligliptin added to patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled by oral triple combination therapy: A multicentre, randomized, double‐blind, and placebo‐controlled study
    Minyoung Lee, Woo‐je Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Byung‐Wan Lee
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2022; 24(6): 1105.     CrossRef
  • A double‐blind, Randomized controlled trial on glucose‐lowering EFfects and safety of adding 0.25 or 0.5 mg lobeglitazone in type 2 diabetes patients with INadequate control on metformin and dipeptidyl peptidase‐4 inhibitor therapy: REFIND study
    Soree Ryang, Sang Soo Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Ji Min Han, Su Kyoung Kwon, Young Il Kim, Il Seong Nam‐Goong, Eun Sook Kim, Mi‐kyung Kim, Chang Won Lee, Soyeon Yoo, Gwanpyo Koh, Min Jeong Kwon, Jeong Hyun Park, In Joo Kim
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2022; 24(9): 1800.     CrossRef
  • Glycaemic control with add‐on thiazolidinedione or a sodium‐glucose co‐transporter‐2 inhibitor in patients with type 2 diabetes after the failure of an oral triple antidiabetic regimen: A 24‐week, randomized controlled trial
    Jaehyun Bae, Ji Hye Huh, Minyoung Lee, Yong‐Ho Lee, Byung‐Wan Lee
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2021; 23(2): 609.     CrossRef
Covid-19
The Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Diabetes in Daegu, South Korea
Mi Kyung Kim, Jae-Han Jeon, Sung-Woo Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Nan Hee Cho, Eugene Han, Ji Hong You, Ji Yeon Lee, Miri Hyun, Jae Seok Park, Yong Shik Kwon, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Ki Tae Kwon, Shin Yup Lee, Eon Ju Jeon, Jin-Woo Kim, Hyo-Lim Hong, Hyun Hee Kwon, Chi Young Jung, Yin Young Lee, Eunyeoung Ha, Seung Min Chung, Jian Hur, June Hong Ahn, Na-young Kim, Shin-Woo Kim, Hyun Ha Chang, Yong Hoon Lee, Jaehee Lee, Keun-Gyu Park, Hyun Ah Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(4):602-613.   Published online August 12, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0146
  • 12,755 View
  • 203 Download
  • 64 Web of Science
  • 72 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that had affected more than eight million people worldwide by June 2020. Given the importance of the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) for host immunity, we retrospectively evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of moderate-to-severe COVID-19 in patients with diabetes.

Methods

We conducted a multi-center observational study of 1,082 adult inpatients (aged ≥18 years) who were admitted to one of five university hospitals in Daegu because of the severity of their COVID-19-related disease. The demographic, laboratory, and radiologic findings, and the mortality, prevalence of severe disease, and duration of quarantine were compared between patients with and without DM. In addition, 1:1 propensity score (PS)-matching was conducted with the DM group.

Results

Compared with the non-DM group (n=847), patients with DM (n=235) were older, exhibited higher mortality, and required more intensive care. Even after PS-matching, patients with DM exhibited more severe disease, and DM remained a prognostic factor for higher mortality (hazard ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.38 to 4.15). Subgroup analysis revealed that the presence of DM was associated with higher mortality, especially in older people (≥70 years old). Prior use of a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor or a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor did not affect mortality or the clinical severity of the disease.

Conclusion

DM is a significant risk factor for COVID-19 severity and mortality. Our findings imply that COVID-19 patients with DM, especially if elderly, require special attention and prompt intensive care.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Pre-admission use of sodium glucose transporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT-2i) may significantly improves Covid-19 outcomes in patients with diabetes: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression
    Hikmat Permana, Theo Audi Yanto, Timotius Ivan Hariyanto
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2023; 195: 110205.     CrossRef
  • Risk phenotypes of diabetes and association with COVID-19 severity and death: an update of a living systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sabrina Schlesinger, Alexander Lang, Nikoletta Christodoulou, Philipp Linnerz, Kalliopi Pafili, Oliver Kuss, Christian Herder, Manuela Neuenschwander, Janett Barbaresko, Michael Roden
    Diabetologia.2023; 66(8): 1395.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing the severity of COVID-19 course for patients with diabetes mellitus in tashkent: a retrospective cohort study
    A. V. Alieva, A. A. Djalilov, F. A. Khaydarova, A. V. Alimov, D. Z. Khalilova, V. A. Talenova, N. U. Alimova, M. D. Aripova, A. S. Sadikova
    Obesity and metabolism.2023; 20(2): 92.     CrossRef
  • Pituitary Diseases and COVID-19 Outcomes in South Korea: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Jeonghoon Ha, Kyoung Min Kim, Dong-Jun Lim, Keeho Song, Gi Hyeon Seo
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(14): 4799.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological features and consequences of COVID‐19 in patients with and without gastrointestinal symptoms in southwestern Iran. A retrospective observational study
    Habibollah Azarbakhsh, Leila Moftakhar, Aliasghar Valipour, Alireza Mirahmadizadeh, Hekmat Allah Moradi, Elahe Piraee
    Health Science Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Impact of Long-Term Conditions and Comorbidity Patterns on COVID-19 Infection and Hospitalisation: A Cohort Study
    Yun-Ting Huang, Andrew Steptoe, Riyaz S. Patel, Esme Fuller Thomson, Dorina Cadar
    Gerontology.2023; 69(10): 1200.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Anti-diabetic Agents and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 in Patients with Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Tiantian Han, Shaodi Ma, Chenyu Sun, Huimei Zhang, Guangbo Qu, Yue Chen, Ce Cheng, Eric L. Chen, Mubashir Ayaz Ahmed, Keun Young Kim, Raveena Manem, Mengshi Chen, Zhichun Guo, Hongru Yang, Yue Yan, Qin Zhou
    Archives of Medical Research.2022; 53(2): 186.     CrossRef
  • Use of DPP4i reduced odds of clinical deterioration and hyperinflammatory syndrome in COVID-19 patients with type 2 diabetes: Propensity score analysis of a territory-wide cohort in Hong Kong
    Carlos K.H. Wong, David T.W. Lui, Angel Y.C. Lui, Ashley C.Y. Kwok, Marshall C.H. Low, Kristy T.K. Lau, Ivan C.H. Au, Xi Xiong, Matthew S.H. Chung, Eric H.Y. Lau, Benjamin J. Cowling
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2022; 48(1): 101307.     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-IV) inhibitor was associated with mortality reduction in COVID-19 — A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Ahmad Fariz Malvi Zamzam Zein, Wilson Matthew Raffaello
    Primary Care Diabetes.2022; 16(1): 162.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and impact of diabetes in hospitalized COVID‐19 patients: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Sian A. Bradley, Maciej Banach, Negman Alvarado, Ivica Smokovski, Sonu M. M. Bhaskar
    Journal of Diabetes.2022; 14(2): 144.     CrossRef
  • Interplay between Inflammaging, Frailty and Nutrition in Covid-19: Preventive and Adjuvant Treatment Perspectives
    A. Padilha de Lima, M. Macedo Rogero, T. Araujo Viel, H. M. Garay-Malpartida, I. Aprahamian, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro
    The journal of nutrition, health & aging.2022; 26(1): 67.     CrossRef
  • Increase in blood glucose level and incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Daegu-Gyeongbuk area during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: a retrospective cross-sectional study
    Mi Seon Lee, Rosie Lee, Cheol Woo Ko, Jung Eun Moon
    Journal of Yeungnam Medical Science.2022; 39(1): 46.     CrossRef
  • Interrelationship between 2019-nCov receptor DPP4 and diabetes mellitus targets based on protein interaction network
    Qian Gao, Wenjun Zhang, Tingting Li, Guojun Yang, Wei Zhu, Naijun Chen, Huawei Jin
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Can sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor reduce the risk of adverse complications due to COVID-19? – Targeting hyperinflammation
    Afnan Alshnbari, Iskandar Idris
    Current Medical Research and Opinion.2022; 38(3): 357.     CrossRef
  • Commentary: Mortality Risk of Antidiabetic Agents for Type 2 Diabetes With COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Li-Min Zhao, Xie-Hui Chen, Mei Qiu
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Diabetes
    Awadhesh Kumar Singh, Kamlesh Khunti
    Annual Review of Medicine.2022; 73(1): 129.     CrossRef
  • The enzymes in COVID-19: A review
    Maria Helena Menezes Estevam Alves, Layla Carvalho Mahnke, Tifany Cerqueira Macedo, Thais Ketinly dos Santos Silva, Luiz Bezerra Carvalho Junior
    Biochimie.2022; 197: 38.     CrossRef
  • IMPACT OF ANTIDIABETIC DRUGS ON RISK AND OUTCOME OF COVID-19 INFECTION: A REVIEW
    Adnan A. Zainal, Marwan M. Merkhan
    Military Medical Science Letters.2022; 91(2): 140.     CrossRef
  • Does metformin affect outcomes in COVID‐19 patients with new or pre‐existing diabetes mellitus? A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Adithan Ganesh, Michael D. Randall
    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2022; 88(6): 2642.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes, Metformin and the Clinical Course of Covid-19: Outcomes, Mechanisms and Suggestions on the Therapeutic Use of Metformin
    Clifford J. Bailey, Mike Gwilt
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Role of Diabetes and Hyperglycemia on COVID-19 Infection Course—A Narrative Review
    Evangelia Tzeravini, Eleftherios Stratigakos, Chris Siafarikas, Anastasios Tentolouris, Nikolaos Tentolouris
    Frontiers in Clinical Diabetes and Healthcare.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Preadmission use of antidiabetic medications and mortality among patients with COVID-19 having type 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis
    Nam Nhat Nguyen, Dung Si Ho, Hung Song Nguyen, Dang Khanh Ngan Ho, Hung-Yuan Li, Chia-Yuan Lin, Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Yang-Ching Chen
    Metabolism.2022; 131: 155196.     CrossRef
  • Glucose-Lowering Agents and COVID-19
    Ah Reum Khang
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2022; 23(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Impact of diabetes on COVID‐19 mortality and hospital outcomes from a global perspective: An umbrella systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Stavroula Kastora, Manisha Patel, Ben Carter, Mirela Delibegovic, Phyo Kyaw Myint
    Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Association Between Antidiabetic Agents and Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Patients With Diabetes: A Bayesian Network Meta-Analysis
    Yidan Chen, Xingfei Lv, Sang Lin, Mohammad Arshad, Mengjun Dai
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Renin‐Angiotensin Aldosterone System Inhibitors and COVID‐19: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis Revealing Critical Bias Across a Body of Observational Research
    Jordan Loader, Frances C. Taylor, Erik Lampa, Johan Sundström
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and SARS-CoV-2–Is There a Mutual Connection?
    Anna P. Jedrzejak, Edyta K. Urbaniak, Jadwiga A. Wasko, Natalia Ziojla, Malgorzata Borowiak
    Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The relationship of age, sex and prothrombin time related to the severity and mortality of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta analysis
    Audrey Fabianisa Mirza, Ceria Halim, Mutiara Indah Sari
    F1000Research.2022; 11: 729.     CrossRef
  • Are lipid ratios and triglyceride-glucose index associated with critical care outcomes in COVID-19 patients?
    Marzieh Rohani-Rasaf, Kosar Mirjalili, Akram Vatannejad, Maryam Teimouri, Xiao-Feng Yang
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(8): e0272000.     CrossRef
  • Early glycaemic variability increases 28-day mortality and prolongs intensive care unit stay in critically ill patients with pneumonia
    Seong Ho Kim, Ji Young Kim, Eun Song Kim, Il Rae Park, Eun Yeong Ha, Seung Min Chung, Jun Sung Moon, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
    Annals of Medicine.2022; 54(1): 2724.     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors in COVID-19: Beyond glycemic control
    Niya Narayanan, Dukhabandhu Naik, Jayaprakash Sahoo, Sadishkumar Kamalanathan
    World Journal of Virology.2022; 11(6): 399.     CrossRef
  • Prevalencia de secuelas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sobrevivientes al COVID-19
    Gianela M. Cancino-Castillo, Miguel A. Tresierra-Ayala, Jorge L. Campos-Reyna, Jaime Rosales-Rimache
    REVISTA MÉDICA VALLEJIANA/ Vallejian Medical Journal.2022; 11(2): 48.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of adverse in-hospital outcome and recovery in patients with diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 pneumonia in Iraq
    Hussein Nafakhi, Mohammed Alareedh, Karrar Al-Buthabhak, Foaad Shaghee, Ahmed Nafakhi, Samet Kasim
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2021; 15(1): 33.     CrossRef
  • Non-insulin anti-diabetic agents in patients with type 2 diabetes and COVID-19: A Critical Appraisal of Literature
    Awadhesh Kumar Singh, Ritu Singh, Banshi Saboo, Anoop Misra
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2021; 15(1): 159.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 associated with diabetes and other noncommunicable diseases led to a global health crisis
    Mark Thomaz Ugliara Barone, Belinda Ngongo, Simone Bega Harnik, Lucas Xavier de Oliveira, Dániel Végh, Patrícia Vieira de Luca, Hermelinda Cordeiro Pedrosa, Franco Giraudo, Roque Cardona-Hernandez, Nayanjeet Chaudhury, Luiz Menna-Barreto
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2021; 171: 108587.     CrossRef
  • A meta-analysis on the preadmission use of DPP-4 inhibitors and risk of a fatal or severe course of illness in patients with COVID-19
    Chia Siang Kow, Syed Shahzad Hasan
    Therapies.2021; 76(4): 361.     CrossRef
  • Disentangling conflicting evidence on DPP-4 inhibitors and outcomes of COVID-19: narrative review and meta-analysis
    B. M. Bonora, A. Avogaro, G. P. Fadini
    Journal of Endocrinological Investigation.2021; 44(7): 1379.     CrossRef
  • Prognostic bioindicators in severe COVID-19 patients
    L. Bergantini, E. Bargagli, M. d'Alessandro, R.M. Refini, P. Cameli, L. Galasso, C. Scapellato, F. Montagnani, S. Scolletta, F. Franchi, S. Valente, D. Bennett, G. Sebastiani, B. Frediani, F. Dotta
    Cytokine.2021; 141: 155455.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients
    Leila Moftakhar, Parisa Moftakhar, Elahe Piraee, Haleh Ghaem, Aliasghar Valipour, Habibollah Azarbakhsh
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries.2021; 41(3): 383.     CrossRef
  • DPP-4 inhibition and COVID-19: From initial concerns to recent expectations
    André J. Scheen
    Diabetes & Metabolism.2021; 47(2): 101213.     CrossRef
  • Use of dipeptidyl peptidase‐4 inhibitors and prognosis of COVID‐19 in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes: A propensity score analysis from the CORONADO study
    Ronan Roussel, Patrice Darmon, Matthieu Pichelin, Thomas Goronflot, Yawa Abouleka, Leila Ait Bachir, Ingrid Allix, Deborah Ancelle, Sara Barraud, Lyse Bordier, Aurélie Carlier, Nicolas Chevalier, Christine Coffin‐Boutreux, Emmanuel Cosson, Anne Dorange, O
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2021; 23(5): 1162.     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor use and mortality in COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
    Rimesh Pal, Mainak Banerjee, Soham Mukherjee, Ranjitpal Singh Bhogal, Amanpreet Kaur, Sanjay K. Bhadada
    Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 12: 204201882199648.     CrossRef
  • Renin–angiotensin-system inhibitors and all-cause mortality in patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Chirag Bavishi, Paul K. Whelton, Giuseppe Mancia, Giovanni Corrao, Franz H. Messerli
    Journal of Hypertension.2021; 39(4): 784.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Current Therapeutic Approaches for COVID-19: A Systematic Review and a Meta-analysis
    Zeinab Abdelrahman, Qian Liu, Shanmei Jiang, Mengyuan Li, Qingrong Sun, Yue Zhang, Xiaosheng Wang
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) inhibitor and outcome from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in diabetic patients: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression
    Timotius Ivan Hariyanto, Andree Kurniawan
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2021; 20(1): 543.     CrossRef
  • Impact of diabetes mellitus on in-hospital mortality in adult patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Halla Kaminska, Lukasz Szarpak, Dariusz Kosior, Wojciech Wieczorek, Agnieszka Szarpak, Mahdi Al-Jeabory, Wladyslaw Gawel, Aleksandra Gasecka, Milosz J. Jaguszewski, Przemyslawa Jarosz-Chobot
    Acta Diabetologica.2021; 58(8): 1101.     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor and mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) – A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression
    Iis Inayati Rakhmat, Yudith Yunia Kusmala, Dewi Ratih Handayani, Henny Juliastuti, Eka Noneng Nawangsih, Arief Wibowo, Michael Anthonius Lim, Raymond Pranata
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2021; 15(3): 777.     CrossRef
  • Post-infection depressive, anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms: A prospective cohort study in patients with mild COVID-19
    Flavia Ismael, João C.S. Bizario, Tatiane Battagin, Beatriz Zaramella, Fabio E. Leal, Julio Torales, Antonio Ventriglio, Megan E. Marziali, Silvia S. Martins, João M. Castaldelli-Maia
    Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry.2021; 111: 110341.     CrossRef
  • Managing diabetes in diabetic patients with COVID: where do we start from?
    Angelo Avogaro, Benedetta Bonora, Gian Paolo Fadini
    Acta Diabetologica.2021; 58(11): 1441.     CrossRef
  • Is diabetes mellitus a wrongdoer to COVID-19 severity?
    Sanjib Sarkar, Dibyendu Das, Sawlang Borsingh Wann, Jatin Kalita, Prasenjit Manna
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2021; 178: 108936.     CrossRef
  • Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitor, an Update
    Ju Hee Lee
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2021; 22(2): 91.     CrossRef
  • Correlation Analysis Between Serum Uric Acid, Prealbumin Level, Lactate Dehydrogenase, and Severity of COVID-19
    Zhenmu Jin, Mo Zheng, Jichan Shi, Xinchun Ye, Fang Cheng, Que-Lu Chen, Jianping Huang, Xian-Gao Jiang
    Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association Between Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonist and Sodium–Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitor Use and COVID-19 Outcomes
    Anna R. Kahkoska, Trine Julie Abrahamsen, G. Caleb Alexander, Tellen D. Bennett, Christopher G. Chute, Melissa A. Haendel, Klara R. Klein, Hemalkumar Mehta, Joshua D. Miller, Richard A. Moffitt, Til Stürmer, Kajsa Kvist, John B. Buse, Tim Q. Duong
    Diabetes Care.2021; 44(7): 1564.     CrossRef
  • The effect of metformin on mortality and severity in COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus
    Wenxing Yang, Xuehong Sun, Jun Zhang, Kui Zhang
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2021; 178: 108977.     CrossRef
  • Renin‐Angiotensin Aldosterone System Inhibitors in Primary Prevention and COVID‐19
    Jordan Loader, Erik Lampa, Stefan Gustafsson, Thomas Cars, Johan Sundström
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing on development of COVID-19 pneumonia and association with oral anti-diabetic drugs in hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus
    Ayça Elibol, Didem Eren, Macide Deniz Erdoğan, Merve Elmaağaç, Oguzhan Sıtkı Dizdar, İlhami Çelik, Ali İhsan Günal
    Primary Care Diabetes.2021; 15(5): 806.     CrossRef
  • Aging & COVID-19 susceptibility, disease severity, and clinical outcomes: The role of entangled risk factors
    Melina Farshbafnadi, Sara Kamali Zonouzi, Mohammadmahdi Sabahi, Mahsa Dolatshahi, Mohammad Hadi Aarabi
    Experimental Gerontology.2021; 154: 111507.     CrossRef
  • Classical and Counter-Regulatory Renin–Angiotensin System: Potential Key Roles in COVID-19 Pathophysiology
    Moudhi Almutlaq, Abir Abdullah Alamro, Fayhan Alroqi, Tlili Barhoumi
    CJC Open.2021; 3(8): 1060.     CrossRef
  • Metformin in Patients With COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Yin Li, Xue Yang, Peijing Yan, Tong Sun, Zhi Zeng, Sheyu Li
    Frontiers in Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Pre-existing health conditions and severe COVID-19 outcomes: an umbrella review approach and meta-analysis of global evidence
    Marina Treskova-Schwarzbach, Laura Haas, Sarah Reda, Antonia Pilic, Anna Borodova, Kasra Karimi, Judith Koch, Teresa Nygren, Stefan Scholz, Viktoria Schönfeld, Sabine Vygen-Bonnet, Ole Wichmann, Thomas Harder
    BMC Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 Vaccination for Endocrine Patients: A Position Statement from the Korean Endocrine Society
    Cheol Ryong Ku, Kyong Yeun Jung, Chang Ho Ahn, Jun Sung Moon, Ju Hee Lee, Eun Heui Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Hee Kyung Kim, Sunghwan Suh, Sangmo Hong, Jeonghoon Ha, Eun Roh, Jin Hwa Kim, Mi-kyung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(4): 757.     CrossRef
  • High Fibrosis-4 Index Is Related with Worse Clinical Outcome in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Diabetes Mellitus: A Multicenter Observational Study
    Sung-Woo Kim, Jae-Han Jeon, Jun Sung Moon, Mi Kyung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(4): 800.     CrossRef
  • Mortality Risk of Antidiabetic Agents for Type 2 Diabetes With COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Chengxia Kan, Yang Zhang, Fang Han, Qian Xu, Tongtong Ye, Ningning Hou, Xiaodong Sun
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of influence of background therapy for comorbidities in the period before infection on the risk of the lethal COVID outcome. Data from the international ACTIV SARS-CoV-2 registry («Analysis of chronic non-infectious diseases dynamics after COVID-
    E. I. Tarlovskaya, A. G. Arutyunov, A. O. Konradi, Yu. M. Lopatin, A. P. Rebrov, S. N. Tereshchenko, A. I. Chesnikova, H. G. Hayrapetyan, A. P. Babin, I. G. Bakulin, N. V. Bakulina, L. A. Balykova, A. S. Blagonravova, M. V. Boldina, A. R. Vaisberg, A. S.
    Kardiologiia.2021; 61(9): 20.     CrossRef
  • Association of clinical characteristics, antidiabetic and cardiovascular agents with diabetes mellitus and COVID-19: a 7-month follow-up cohort study
    Marzieh Pazoki, Fatemeh Chichagi, Azar Hadadi, Samira Kafan, Mahnaz Montazeri, Sina Kazemian, Arya Aminorroaya, Mehdi Ebrahimi, Haleh Ashraf, Mojgan Mirabdolhagh Hazaveh, Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Seyed Hamidreza Sharifnia, Shahrokh Ka
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2021; 20(2): 1545.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Diabetes: A Comprehensive Review of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme 2, Mutual Effects and Pharmacotherapy
    Lingli Xie, Ziying Zhang, Qian Wang, Yangwen Chen, Dexue Lu, Weihua Wu
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of Diabetes on COVID-19 Mortality and Hospital Outcomes, a Global Perspective: An ONTOP Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Stavroula Kastora, Manisha Patel, Ben Carter, Mirela Delibegovic, Phyo Kyaw Myint
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Decision Trees: Predictions of Global Vulnerability to Coronavirus Outbreaks
    Moacir José da Silva
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The potential association between common comorbidities and severity and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019: A pooled analysis
    Liman Luo, Menglu Fu, Yuanyuan Li, Shuiqing Hu, Jinlan Luo, Zhihui Chen, Jing Yu, Wenhua Li, Ruolan Dong, Yan Yang, Ling Tu, Xizhen Xu
    Clinical Cardiology.2020; 43(12): 1478.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Metformin Consumption on Mortality in Hospitalized COVID-19 patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Antonia Anna Lukito, Raymond Pranata, Joshua Henrina, Michael Anthonius Lim, Sherly Lawrensia, Ketut Suastika
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2020; 14(6): 2177.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors on the Progression to Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Patients in South Korea: Using National Data
    Seon-Rye Kim, Seoul-Hee Nam, Yu-Rin Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(23): 8847.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Outcomes of COVID-19 Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Population-Based Study in Korea
    Ji Hong You, Sang Ah Lee, Sung-Youn Chun, Sun Ok Song, Byung-Wan Lee, Dae Jung Kim, Edward J. Boyko
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(4): 901.     CrossRef
Response
Response: Acute Hyperglycemic Crises with Coronavirus Disease-19: Case Reports (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:349–53)
Na-young Kim, Eunyeong Ha, Jun Sung Moon, Yong-Hoon Lee, Eun Young Choi
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(3):484-485.   Published online June 29, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0129
[Original]
  • 4,265 View
  • 62 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 3 Crossref
PDFPubReader   

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in tissue-specific metabolic modulation by SARS-CoV-2
    Alef Aragão Carneiro dos Santos, Luiz Eduardo Rodrigues, Amanda Lins Alecrim-Zeza, Liliane de Araújo Ferreira, Caio dos Santos Trettel, Gabriela Mandú Gimenes, Adelson Fernandes da Silva, Celso Pereira Batista Sousa-Filho, Tamires Duarte Afonso Serdan, Ad
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Behind the Higher COVID-19 Risk in Diabetes: A Critical Review
    Amany Magdy Beshbishy, Victor B. Oti, Diaa E. Hussein, Ibrahim F. Rehan, Oluyomi S. Adeyemi, Nallely Rivero-Perez, Adrian Zaragoza-Bastida, Muhammad Ajmal Shah, Khaled Abouelezz, Helal F. Hetta, Natália Cruz-Martins, Gaber El-Saber Batiha
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Digital health services among patients with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review
    NiK D. Purnamayanti, AnggiL Wicaksana
    Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 25(2): 86.     CrossRef
Original Article
Complications
The Risk of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Seung Min Chung, Yin Young Lee, Eunyeong Ha, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee, Jian Hur, Kyung Soo Hong, Jong Geol Jang, Hyun Jung Jin, Eun Young Choi, Kyeong-Cheol Shin, Jin Hong Chung, Kwan Ho Lee, June Hong Ahn, Jun Sung Moon
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(3):405-413.   Published online May 21, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0105
  • 9,753 View
  • 141 Download
  • 44 Web of Science
  • 45 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

To determine the role of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we explored the clinical characteristics of patients with DM and compared risk factors such as age, glycemic control, and medications to those without DM.

Methods

This was a retrospective cohort study of 117 confirmed patients with COVID-19 which conducted at a tertiary hospital in Daegu, South Korea. The primary outcome was defined as the severe and critical outcome (SCO), of which the composite outcomes of acute respiratory distress syndrome, septic shock, intensive care unit care, and 28-day mortality. We analyzed what clinical features and glycemic control-related factors affect the prognosis of COVID-19 in the DM group.

Results

After exclusion, 110 participants were finally included. DM patients (n=29) was older, and showed higher blood pressure compared to non-DM patients. DM group showed higher levels of inflammation-related biomarkers and severity score, and highly progressed to SCO. After adjustment with other risk factors, DM increased the risk of SCO (odds ratio [OR], 10.771; P<0.001). Among the DM patients, SCO was more prevalent in elderly patients of ≥70 years old and age was an independent risk factor for SCO in patients with DM (OR, 1.175; P=0.014), while glycemic control was not. The use of medication did not affect the SCO, but the renin-angiotensin system inhibitors showed protective effects against acute cardiac injury (OR, 0.048; P=0.045).

Conclusion

The COVID-19 patients with DM had higher severity and resulted in SCO. Intensive and aggressive monitoring of COVID-19 clinical outcomes in DM group, especially in elderly patients is warranted.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Adult-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Development Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination
    Hyeyeon Moon, Sunghwan Suh, Mi Kyoung Park
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Severity of Symptoms and Mortality in Diabetic Patients with COVID- 19 Infection. Review
    Zahraa ALBasry, Abeer Abdulhadi Rashid, Shaymaa Hasan Abbas
    Al Mustansiriyah Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2023; 23(1): 91.     CrossRef
  • Risk phenotypes of diabetes and association with COVID-19 severity and death: an update of a living systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sabrina Schlesinger, Alexander Lang, Nikoletta Christodoulou, Philipp Linnerz, Kalliopi Pafili, Oliver Kuss, Christian Herder, Manuela Neuenschwander, Janett Barbaresko, Michael Roden
    Diabetologia.2023; 66(8): 1395.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Cardiovascular Comorbidities
    Dirk Müller-Wieland, Nikolaus Marx, Michael Dreher, Katharina Fritzen, Oliver Schnell
    Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes.2022; 130(03): 178.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and impact of diabetes in hospitalized COVID‐19 patients: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Sian A. Bradley, Maciej Banach, Negman Alvarado, Ivica Smokovski, Sonu M. M. Bhaskar
    Journal of Diabetes.2022; 14(2): 144.     CrossRef
  • Does metformin affect outcomes in COVID‐19 patients with new or pre‐existing diabetes mellitus? A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Adithan Ganesh, Michael D. Randall
    British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2022; 88(6): 2642.     CrossRef
  • Cardioprotective effect of extracellular vesicles derived from ticagrelor-pretreated cardiomyocyte on hyperglycemic cardiomyocytes through alleviation of oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum stress
    Ceylan Verda Bitirim, Zeynep Busra Ozer, Dunya Aydos, Kardelen Genc, Seyma Demirsoy, Kamil Can Akcali, Belma Turan
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of diabetes on COVID‐19 mortality and hospital outcomes from a global perspective: An umbrella systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Stavroula Kastora, Manisha Patel, Ben Carter, Mirela Delibegovic, Phyo Kyaw Myint
    Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Glycated Albumin and Glycated Albumin/HbA1c Predict the Progression of Coronavirus Disease 2019 from Mild to Severe Disease in Korean Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Jeongseon Yoo, Youngah Choi, Shin Ae Park, Ji Yeon Seo, Chul Woo Ahn, Jaehyun Han
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2022; 11(9): 2327.     CrossRef
  • Novel Glycemic Index Based on Continuous Glucose Monitoring to Predict Poor Clinical Outcomes in Critically Ill Patients: A Pilot Study
    Eun Yeong Ha, Seung Min Chung, Il Rae Park, Yin Young Lee, Eun Young Choi, Jun Sung Moon
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Renin‐Angiotensin Aldosterone System Inhibitors and COVID‐19: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis Revealing Critical Bias Across a Body of Observational Research
    Jordan Loader, Frances C. Taylor, Erik Lampa, Johan Sundström
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The relationship of age, sex and prothrombin time related to the severity and mortality of COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta analysis
    Audrey Fabianisa Mirza, Ceria Halim, Mutiara Indah Sari
    F1000Research.2022; 11: 729.     CrossRef
  • Evaluating the effect of COVID-19 on quality measures of patients with type 2 diabetes in two family nurse practitioner–owned clinics
    Wendy L. Wright, Patricia A. White, Meredith Welsh, Kelly Cutting
    Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners.2022; 34(9): 1090.     CrossRef
  • Early glycaemic variability increases 28-day mortality and prolongs intensive care unit stay in critically ill patients with pneumonia
    Seong Ho Kim, Ji Young Kim, Eun Song Kim, Il Rae Park, Eun Yeong Ha, Seung Min Chung, Jun Sung Moon, Ji Sung Yoon, Kyu Chang Won, Hyoung Woo Lee
    Annals of Medicine.2022; 54(1): 2724.     CrossRef
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system: Current knowledge and potential effects on early SARS-CoV-2 infection
    Iris Louise N. Cabbab, Rafael Vincent M. Manalo
    Virus Research.2021; 291: 198190.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Prior Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor and Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Treatment on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Susceptibility and Outcome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Jiuyang Xu, Yaqun Teng, Lianhan Shang, Xiaoying Gu, Guohui Fan, Yijun Chen, Ran Tian, Shuyang Zhang, Bin Cao
    Clinical Infectious Diseases.2021; 72(11): e901.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes predicts severity of COVID‐19 infection in a retrospective cohort: A mediatory role of the inflammatory biomarker C‐reactive protein
    Huilin Koh, Angela Mei Chung Moh, Ester Yeoh, Yi Lin, Serena Kiat Mun Low, Say Tat Ooi, Seng Kiong Tan, Jaime Hui Xian Lin, Caroline Wei Shan Hoong
    Journal of Medical Virology.2021; 93(5): 3023.     CrossRef
  • Susceptibility for Some Infectious Diseases in Patients With Diabetes: The Key Role of Glycemia
    Jesús Chávez-Reyes, Carlos E. Escárcega-González, Erika Chavira-Suárez, Angel León-Buitimea, Priscila Vázquez-León, José R. Morones-Ramírez, Carlos M. Villalón, Andrés Quintanar-Stephano, Bruno A. Marichal-Cancino
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diabetes is most important cause for mortality in COVID-19 hospitalized patients: Systematic review and meta-analysis
    Giovanni Corona, Alessandro Pizzocaro, Walter Vena, Giulia Rastrelli, Federico Semeraro, Andrea M Isidori, Rosario Pivonello, Andrea Salonia, Alessandra Sforza, Mario Maggi
    Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders.2021; 22(2): 275.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and diabetes: Analysis of the scientific production indexed in Scopus
    Ibraín Enrique Corrales-Reyes, Frank Hernández-García, Christian R. Mejia
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2021; 15(3): 765.     CrossRef
  • Impact of diabetes mellitus on in-hospital mortality in adult patients with COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Halla Kaminska, Lukasz Szarpak, Dariusz Kosior, Wojciech Wieczorek, Agnieszka Szarpak, Mahdi Al-Jeabory, Wladyslaw Gawel, Aleksandra Gasecka, Milosz J. Jaguszewski, Przemyslawa Jarosz-Chobot
    Acta Diabetologica.2021; 58(8): 1101.     CrossRef
  • Risk phenotypes of diabetes and association with COVID-19 severity and death: a living systematic review and meta-analysis
    Sabrina Schlesinger, Manuela Neuenschwander, Alexander Lang, Kalliopi Pafili, Oliver Kuss, Christian Herder, Michael Roden
    Diabetologia.2021; 64(7): 1480.     CrossRef
  • Evolution of a Cohort of COVID-19 Infection Suspects Followed-Up from Primary Health Care
    Valle Coronado-Vázquez, Maria del Valle Ramírez-Durán, Juan Gómez-Salgado, María Silvia Dorado-Rabaneda, Elena Benito-Alonso, Marina Holgado-Juan, Cristina Bronchalo-González
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2021; 11(6): 459.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and safety of dulaglutide 3.0 and 4.5 mg in patients aged younger than 65 and 65 years or older: Post hoc analysis of the AWARD‐11 trial
    Juan P. Frias, Enzo Bonora, Luis Nevárez Ruiz, Stanley H. Hsia, Heike Jung, Sohini Raha, David A. Cox, M. Angelyn Bethel, Manige Konig
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2021; 23(10): 2279.     CrossRef
  • Renin‐Angiotensin Aldosterone System Inhibitors in Primary Prevention and COVID‐19
    Jordan Loader, Erik Lampa, Stefan Gustafsson, Thomas Cars, Johan Sundström
    Journal of the American Heart Association.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predictive value of HbA1c for in-hospital adverse prognosis in COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Zheng Zhu, Yaqian Mao, Gang Chen
    Primary Care Diabetes.2021; 15(6): 910.     CrossRef
  • High Fibrosis-4 Index Is Related with Worse Clinical Outcome in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Diabetes Mellitus: A Multicenter Observational Study
    Sung-Woo Kim, Jae-Han Jeon, Jun Sung Moon, Mi Kyung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(4): 800.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 Vaccination for Endocrine Patients: A Position Statement from the Korean Endocrine Society
    Cheol Ryong Ku, Kyong Yeun Jung, Chang Ho Ahn, Jun Sung Moon, Ju Hee Lee, Eun Heui Kim, Hyemi Kwon, Hee Kyung Kim, Sunghwan Suh, Sangmo Hong, Jeonghoon Ha, Eun Roh, Jin Hwa Kim, Mi-kyung Kim
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021; 36(4): 757.     CrossRef
  • A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Diabetes Associated Mortality in Patients with COVID-19
    Puneeta Gupta, Meeta Gupta, Neena KAtoch, Ketan Garg, Bhawna Garg
    International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Diabetes, Drug Treatment, and Mortality in COVID-19: A Multinational Retrospective Cohort Study
    Jennifer E. Nyland, Nazia T. Raja-Khan, Kerstin Bettermann, Philippe A. Haouzi, Douglas L. Leslie, Jennifer L. Kraschnewski, Leslie J. Parent, Patricia Sue Grigson
    Diabetes.2021; 70(12): 2903.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Diabetes on COVID-19 Mortality and Hospital Outcomes, a Global Perspective: An ONTOP Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Stavroula Kastora, Manisha Patel, Ben Carter, Mirela Delibegovic, Phyo Kyaw Myint
    SSRN Electronic Journal .2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Response: Acute Hyperglycemic Crises with Coronavirus Disease-19: Case Reports (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:349–53)
    Na-young Kim, Eunyeong Ha, Jun Sung Moon, Yong-Hoon Lee, Eun Young Choi
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(3): 484.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Mellitus is Associated with Severe Infection and Mortality in Patients with COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Luxiang Shang, Mengjiao Shao, Qilong Guo, Jia Shi, Yang Zhao, Jiasuoer Xiaokereti, Baopeng Tang
    Archives of Medical Research.2020; 51(7): 700.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics and Mortality Predictors of COVID-19 Patients Hospitalized at Nationally-Designated Treatment Hospitals
    Seong-Su Moon, Kwan Lee, Jungi Park, Seongcheol Yun, Yun Sik Lee, Dong Seok Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mortality Rate and Predictors of Mortality in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients with Diabetes
    Dilaram Acharya, Kwan Lee, Dong Seok Lee, Yun Sik Lee, Seong-Su Moon
    Healthcare.2020; 8(3): 338.     CrossRef
  • Letter: The Risk of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Retrospective Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:405–13)
    So-Yeon Kim, Kyung-Soo Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(4): 621.     CrossRef
  • Response: The Risk of Diabetes on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Retrospective Cohort Study (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:405–13)
    Seung Min Chung, June Hong Ahn, Jun Sung Moon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(4): 625.     CrossRef
  • The Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Diabetes in Daegu, South Korea
    Mi Kyung Kim, Jae-Han Jeon, Sung-Woo Kim, Jun Sung Moon, Nan Hee Cho, Eugene Han, Ji Hong You, Ji Yeon Lee, Miri Hyun, Jae Seok Park, Yong Shik Kwon, Yeon-Kyung Choi, Ki Tae Kwon, Shin Yup Lee, Eon Ju Jeon, Jin-Woo Kim, Hyo-Lim Hong, Hyun Hee Kwon, Chi Yo
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(4): 602.     CrossRef
  • Fasting Plasma Glucose Level Independently Predicts the Mortality of Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection: A Multicenter, Retrospective Cohort Study
    Min Cheol Chang, Jong-Moon Hwang, Jae-Han Jeon, Sang Gyu Kwak, Donghwi Park, Jun Sung Moon
    Endocrinology and Metabolism.2020; 35(3): 595.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes Mellitus and COVID-19
    Jeong Hyun Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(3): 116.     CrossRef
  • Management of Diabetes in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Prognosis and Practical Issues
    Hye Soon Kim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(3): 120.     CrossRef
  • Independent Impact of Diabetes on the Severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in 5,307 Patients in South Korea: A Nationwide Cohort Study
    Sun Joon Moon, Eun-Jung Rhee, Jin-Hyung Jung, Kyung-Do Han, Sung-Rae Kim, Won-Young Lee, Kun-Ho Yoon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(5): 737.     CrossRef
  • Adverse impact of renin–angiotensin system blockade on the clinical course in hospitalized patients with severe COVID-19: a retrospective cohort study
    Jeong-Hoon Lim, Jang-Hee Cho, Yena Jeon, Ji Hye Kim, Ga Young Lee, Soojee Jeon, Hee Won Noh, Yong-Hoon Lee, Jaehee Lee, Hyun-Ha Chang, Hee-Yeon Jung, Ji-Young Choi, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Shin-Woo Kim
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Diabetes: The Epidemic and the Korean Diabetes Association Perspective
    Junghyun Noh, Hyun-Ha Chang, In-Kyung Jeong, Kun Ho Yoon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(3): 372.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and COVID-19: Global and regional perspectives
    In-Kyung Jeong, Kun Ho Yoon, Moon Kyu Lee
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 166: 108303.     CrossRef
Brief Report
Complications
Acute Hyperglycemic Crises with Coronavirus Disease-19: Case Reports
Na-young Kim, Eunyeong Ha, Jun Sung Moon, Yong-Hoon Lee, Eun Young Choi
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(2):349-353.   Published online April 23, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0091
  • 8,275 View
  • 181 Download
  • 65 Web of Science
  • 71 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Since the first case was contracted by coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in Daegu, Korea in February 2020, about 6,800 cases and 130 deaths have been reported on April 9, 2020. Recent studies have reported that patients with diabetes showed higher mortality and they had a worse prognosis than the group without diabetes. In poorly controlled patients with diabetes, acute hyperglycemic crises such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) also might be precipitated by COVID-19. Thus, intensive monitoring and aggressive supportive care should be needed to inadequately controlled patients with diabetes and COVID-19 infection. Here, we report two cases of severe COVID-19 patients with acute hyperglycemic crises in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of Mortality in Obese African-Americans with COVID-19: a Single-Center Retrospective Study
    Pavani Reddy Garlapati, Suneet Kumar, Meet Patel, Bidyut Sarker, Benjamin Tiongson, Sreedhar Adapa, Sohail Abdul Salim, Mark K. Adler, Vijay Reddy Gayam
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.2023; 10(1): 160.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and the COVID-19 pandemic
    Kamlesh Khunti, Jonathan Valabhji, Shivani Misra
    Diabetologia.2023; 66(2): 255.     CrossRef
  • Adult-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Development Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination
    Hyeyeon Moon, Sunghwan Suh, Mi Kyoung Park
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID‐19 associated ketosis and diabetic ketoacidosis: A rapid review
    Tharun T. Alamuri, Sandhya Mahesh, Kevin Dell'Aquila, Taylor Jan Leong, Rebecca Jennings, Tim Q. Duong
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2023; 25(7): 1785.     CrossRef
  • Risks associated with acute pancreatitis (AP) with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in COVID-19 patients: a literature review
    Sundru Manjulata Devi, Annapurna Pamreddy, Venkata Ramana Narendra
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2023; 22(1): 135.     CrossRef
  • A Review of Hyperglycemia in COVID-19
    Maryam Zahedi, Saba Kordrostami, Mohammadreza Kalantarhormozi, Marziyeh Bagheri
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A UK nationwide study of adults admitted to hospital with diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state and COVID‐19
    Benjamin C. T. Field, Yue Ruan, Kinga A. Várnai, Jim Davies, Robert E. J. Ryder, Rajiv Gandhi, Sophie Harris, Dinesh Nagi, Dipesh Patel, Punith Kempegowda, Sarah H. Wild, Emma G. Wilmot, Kamlesh Khunti, Rustam Rea, Parth Narendran
    Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism.2023; 25(7): 2012.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis in COVID-19 Patients: Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes – A Retrospective Study in a Single Tertiary Care Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
    Hana AL Sughaiyer, Abeer AL Haj, Samia Murad Ibrahim Abdulrahman
    Dubai Diabetes and Endocrinology Journal.2023; 29(2): 107.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and diabetes
    Artur Furga
    Probacja.2023; 3: 235.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 SALGININDA DİYABET YÖNETİMİ VE HEMŞİRENİN ROLÜ
    Dilek BÜYÜKKAYA BESEN, Merve DERVİŞOĞLU
    Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2022; 7(2): 78.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis and COVID-19: what have we learned so far?
    Caio Oliveira de Sá-Ferreira, Camila Helena Macedo da Costa, João Campos Wiltgen Guimarães, Nathasha Souza Sampaio, Leticia de Moraes Lopes Silva, Larissa Paula de Mascarenhas, Nicollas Garcia Rodrigues, Talita Labonia dos Santos, Solange Campos, Esther C
    American Journal of Physiology-Endocrinology and Metabolism.2022; 322(1): E44.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and hyperglycaemic emergencies: perspectives from a developing country
    Raisa Bhikoo, Marli Conradie-Smit, Gerhard Van Wyk, Sa’ad Lahri, Elizabeth Du Plessis, Jaco Cilliers, Susan Hugo, Ankia Coetzee
    Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes of South Africa.2022; 27(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Potential impact of combined influenza and pneumococcal vaccines on the severity of respiratory illness in COVID-19 infection among type 2 diabetic patients
    Amr Shaaban Hanafy, Waseem M. Seleem, Hany A. Elkattawy
    Clinical and Experimental Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The COVID-19-diabetes mellitus molecular tetrahedron
    Mehdi Mahmudpour, Katayoun Vahdat, Mohsen Keshavarz, Iraj Nabipour
    Molecular Biology Reports.2022; 49(5): 4013.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and COVID-19; A Bidirectional Interplay
    Paraskevi Kazakou, Vaia Lambadiari, Ignatios Ikonomidis, Aikaterini Kountouri, Georgios Panagopoulos, Stavros Athanasopoulos, Eleni Korompoki, Ioannis Kalomenidis, Meletios A. Dimopoulos, Asimina Mitrakou
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The mechanism underlying extrapulmonary complications of the coronavirus disease 2019 and its therapeutic implication
    Qin Ning, Di Wu, Xiaojing Wang, Dong Xi, Tao Chen, Guang Chen, Hongwu Wang, Huiling Lu, Ming Wang, Lin Zhu, Junjian Hu, Tingting Liu, Ke Ma, Meifang Han, Xiaoping Luo
    Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Challenges in hyperglycemia management in critically ill patients with COVID-19
    Rajesh Kethireddy, Darshan Gandhi, Asim Kichloo, Love Patel
    World Journal of Critical Care Medicine.2022; 11(4): 219.     CrossRef
  • New-Onset and Persistent Insulin-Dependent Diabetes in Patients With COVID-19: A Peruvian Experience
    Anthony Ramos-Yataco, Emanuel A Salcedo Davila, Kelly Meza, Inga Harbuz-Miller
    Cureus.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and COVID-19: A Narrative Review
    Cristina Rey-Reñones, Sara Martinez-Torres, Francisco M. Martín-Luján, Carles Pericas, Ana Redondo, Carles Vilaplana-Carnerero, Angela Dominguez, María Grau
    Biomedicines.2022; 10(9): 2089.     CrossRef
  • SARS-CoV-2 Infections, Impaired Tissue, and Metabolic Health: Pathophysiology and Potential Therapeutics
    Shailendra Pratap Singh, Aayushi Bhatnagar, Sujeet Kumar Singh, Sanjib K. Patra, Navjot Kanwar, Abhinav Kanwal, Salomon Amar, Ranata Manna
    Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry.2022; 22(16): 2102.     CrossRef
  • Collateral damage due to COVID-19
    Farhan Fazal, Nitin Gupta, Wasim Khot, Yogiraj Ray
    Tropical Doctor.2021; 51(1): 126.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic emergencies during the COVID‐19 pandemic: A case–control study
    M. S. B. Huda, S. Shaho, B. Trivedi, G. Fraterrigo, L. Chandrarajan, P. Zolfaghari, T. M. Dovey, C. G. Garrett, T. A Chowdhury
    Diabetic Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis With COVID-19 Infection in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Taking SGLT2 Inhibitors
    Rebecca J. Vitale, Yannis K. Valtis, Marie E. McDonnell, Nadine E. Palermo, Naomi D.L. Fisher
    AACE Clinical Case Reports.2021; 7(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • Outcomes and Healthcare Provider Perceptions of Real-Time Continuous Glucose Monitoring (rtCGM) in Patients With Diabetes and COVID-19 Admitted to the ICU
    Kenneth W. Chow, Danielle J. Kelly, Mary C. Rieff, Patricia A. Skala, Igor Kravets, Marina M. Charitou, Eric J. Morley, Rajarsi Gupta, Joshua D. Miller
    Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.2021; 15(3): 607.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis presented with COVID-19 infection: A rare case report
    Deniz Çekiç, Selçuk Yaylacı, Sümeyye Çekiç, Kubilay İşsever, Hamad Dheir, Havva Kocayiğit, Mehmet Halil Öztürk, Oğuz Karabay
    Journal of Clinical Medicine of Kazakhstan.2021; 18(1): 79.     CrossRef
  • Renin-angiotensin system modulators and other risk factors in COVID-19 patients with hypertension: a Korean perspective
    Hee-Sung Kim, Minseok Kang, Gilwon Kang
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Increased Incidence of Pediatric Diabetic Ketoacidosis After COVID-19: A Two-Center Retrospective Study in Korea
    Min Jeong Han, Jun Ho Heo
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.2021; Volume 14: 783.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes, obesity, and insulin resistance in COVID-19: molecular interrelationship and therapeutic implications
    Andrey Santos, Daniéla Oliveira Magro, Rosana Evangelista-Poderoso, Mario José Abdalla Saad
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Neuropsychiatric Symptoms of COVID-19 Explained by SARS-CoV-2 Proteins’ Mimicry of Human Protein Interactions
    Hale Yapici-Eser, Yunus Emre Koroglu, Ozgur Oztop-Cakmak, Ozlem Keskin, Attila Gursoy, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Report of Eight Cases
    Balraj Singh, Prem Patel , Parminder Kaur , Nicole Majachani, Michael Maroules
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Machine Learning Applied to Clinical Laboratory Data in Spain for COVID-19 Outcome Prediction: Model Development and Validation
    Juan L Domínguez-Olmedo, Álvaro Gragera-Martínez, Jacinto Mata, Victoria Pachón Álvarez
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2021; 23(4): e26211.     CrossRef
  • Effect of COVID-19 on management of type 1 diabetes: Pushing the boundaries of telemedical healthcare
    Ines Bilic Curcic, Maja Cigrovski Berkovic, Tomislav Kizivat, Silvija Canecki Varzic, Robert Smolic, Martina Smolic
    World Journal of Diabetes.2021; 12(6): 780.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Diabetes: Understanding the Interrelationship and Risks for a Severe Course
    Cyril P. Landstra, Eelco J. P. de Koning
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Real-World Studies Support Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Independently of Treatment Regimen
    James R. Gavin, Clifford J. Bailey
    Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics.2021; 23(S3): S-19.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Characteristics and Outcomes for Patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) With and Without COVID-19 in Elmhurst Queens During Similar Three-Month Periods in 2019 and 2020
    Urja Patel, Linda Deluxe, Carlos Salama, Aaron Ross Jimenez, Adrian Whiting, Cedrick Lubin, Nancy Tarlin
    Cureus.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Temporal trends in emergency admissions for diabetic ketoacidosis in people with diabetes in England before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a population-based study
    Shivani Misra, Emma Barron, Eszter Vamos, Stephen Thomas, Ketan Dhatariya, Partha Kar, Bob Young, Kamlesh Khunti, Jonathan Valabhji
    The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2021; 9(10): 671.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes mellitus and COVID-19: Understanding the association in light of current evidence
    Saikat Sen, Raja Chakraborty, Pratap Kalita, Manash Pratim Pathak
    World Journal of Clinical Cases.2021; 9(28): 8327.     CrossRef
  • Follow-Up Study of the Cardiopulmonary and Psychological Outcomes of COVID-19 Survivors Six Months After Discharge in Sichuan, China
    Shuiping Dai, Bennan Zhao, Dafeng Liu, Yongzhao Zhou, Yaling Liu, Lijuan Lan, Yalun Li, Wenxin Luo, Yilan Zeng, Weimin Li
    International Journal of General Medicine.2021; Volume 14: 7207.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis in patients with SARS-CoV-2: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Ali A. Rabaan, Mohammed A. Alomari, Sadiq A. Al Salman, Ahmed S. Al-Alawi, Mohammed H. Al Hassan, Hesham Alhamad, Mustafa A. Al-kamees, Fawzi M. Almousa, Hani N. Mufti, Ali M. Alwesabai, Kuldeep Dhama, Jaff
    Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • In-hospital clinical complications of COVID-19: a brief overview
    Kevin John John, Jemimah Nayar, Ajay Kumar Mishra, Vijairam Selvaraj, Mohammad Saud Khan, Amos Lal
    Future Virology.2021; 16(11): 717.     CrossRef
  • Combined Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome and Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated with COVID-19 in a Pediatric Patient
    Yu Shan Tseng, Bradley Tilford, Usha Sethuraman, Katherine Cashen, Mehmet Doganay
    Case Reports in Critical Care.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Toddler With New Onset Diabetes and Atypical Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome in the Setting of COVID-19
    Faraz Alizadeh, Amanda O’Halloran, Areej Alghamdi, Charlotte Chen, Maria Trissal, Avram Traum, Danielle DeCourcey
    Pediatrics.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Complicated Case of COVID-19 and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome in an Adolescent Male
    Anisha Gohil, Stefan Malin, Kamal Abulebda, Tamara S. Hannon
    Hormone Research in Paediatrics.2021; 94(1-2): 71.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 in People with Diabetes: Perspectives from Saudi Arabia
    Asirvatham Alwin Robert, Mohamed Abdulaziz Al Dawish
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Case of COVID-19 with Acute Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock
    Hong Nyun Kim, Jang Hoon Lee, Hun Sik Park, Dong Heon Yang, Se Yong Jang, Myung Hwan Bae, Yongkeun Cho, Shung Chull Chae, Yong-Hoon Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical profile and outcomes in COVID-19 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis: A systematic review of literature
    Rimesh Pal, Mainak Banerjee, Urmila Yadav, Sukrita Bhattacharjee
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2020; 14(6): 1563.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis in COVID-19: Unique Concerns and Considerations
    Nadine E Palermo, Archana R Sadhu, Marie E McDonnell
    The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.2020; 105(8): 2819.     CrossRef
  • A Case of Combined Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State in a Patient With COVID-19
    Shemitha Rafique, Fahad W Ahmed
    Cureus.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • COVID’s Razor: RAS Imbalance, the Common Denominator Across Disparate, Unexpected Aspects of COVID-19


    Maureen Czick, Christine Shapter, Robert Shapter
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy.2020; Volume 13: 3169.     CrossRef
  • Letter: Acute Hyperglycemic Crises with Coronavirus Disease-19: Case Reports (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:349–53)
    Ja Young Jeon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(3): 480.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 in people with diabetes: understanding the reasons for worse outcomes
    Matteo Apicella, Maria Cristina Campopiano, Michele Mantuano, Laura Mazoni, Alberto Coppelli, Stefano Del Prato
    The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2020; 8(9): 782.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes and COVID-19: Global and regional perspectives
    In-Kyung Jeong, Kun Ho Yoon, Moon Kyu Lee
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 166: 108303.     CrossRef
  • Hyperglycemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, and Acute Pancreatitis in COVID-19 Infection
    Chiranjeevi Gadiparthi, Mehak Bassi, Balaji Yegneswaran, Sammy Ho, Capecomorin S. Pitchumoni
    Pancreas.2020; 49(7): e62.     CrossRef
  • Response: Acute Hyperglycemic Crises with Coronavirus Disease-19: Case Reports (Diabetes Metab J 2020;44:349–53)
    Na-young Kim, Eunyeong Ha, Jun Sung Moon, Yong-Hoon Lee, Eun Young Choi
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(3): 484.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis precipitated by COVID-19: A report of two cases and review of literature
    Pavan Kumar Reddy, Mohammad Shafi Kuchay, Yatin Mehta, Sunil Kumar Mishra
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2020; 14(5): 1459.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and diabetes: What have we learned so far?
    Nida Taher, Mohammed SB Huda, Tahseen A Chowdhury
    Clinical Medicine.2020; 20(4): e87.     CrossRef
  • High dose ascorbic acid treatment in COVID-19 patients raised some problems in clinical chemistry testing
    Fatih Yesildal, Ferruh Kemal Isman
    Turkish Journal of Biochemistry.2020; 45(5): 491.     CrossRef
  • Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Diabetes: The Epidemic and the Korean Diabetes Association Perspective
    Junghyun Noh, Hyun-Ha Chang, In-Kyung Jeong, Kun Ho Yoon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(3): 372.     CrossRef
  • Practical considerations for pregnant women with diabetes and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection
    Glenn P. Boyles, Stephen Thung, Steven G. Gabbe, Mark B. Landon, Maged M. Costantine
    American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM.2020; 2(4): 100210.     CrossRef
  • Protracted ketonaemia in hyperglycaemic emergencies in COVID-19: a retrospective case series
    Eleni Armeni, Umaira Aziz, Sulmaaz Qamar, Sadia Nasir, Chidambaram Nethaji, Rupert Negus, Nicholas Murch, Huw Clarke Beynon, Pierre Bouloux, Miranda Rosenthal, Sidrah Khan, Ahmed Yousseif, Ravi Menon, Efthimia Karra
    The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2020; 8(8): 660.     CrossRef
  • Development of a tablet PC-based portable device for colorimetric determination of assays including COVID-19 and other pathogenic microorganisms
    Woo Sik Yoo, Hyung Soo Han, Jung Gon Kim, Kitaek Kang, Hyo-Sung Jeon, Jin-Young Moon, Hyeonmi Park
    RSC Advances.2020; 10(54): 32946.     CrossRef
  • Machine Learning to Predict Mortality and Critical Events in a Cohort of Patients With COVID-19 in New York City: Model Development and Validation
    Akhil Vaid, Sulaiman Somani, Adam J Russak, Jessica K De Freitas, Fayzan F Chaudhry, Ishan Paranjpe, Kipp W Johnson, Samuel J Lee, Riccardo Miotto, Felix Richter, Shan Zhao, Noam D Beckmann, Nidhi Naik, Arash Kia, Prem Timsina, Anuradha Lala, Manish Paran
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2020; 22(11): e24018.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19: the endocrine opportunity in a pandemic
    Subhankar Chatterjee, Ritwik Ghosh, Payel Biswas, Souvik Dubey, Rishi T. Guria, Chandra B. Sharma, Sanjay Kalra
    Minerva Endocrinologica.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Management of Diabetes in Coronavirus Disease 2019: Prognosis and Practical Issues
    Hye Soon Kim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2020; 21(3): 120.     CrossRef
  • Short term follow-up of patients presenting with acute onset diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis during an episode of COVID-19
    Mohammad Shafi Kuchay, Pavan Kumar Reddy, Sakshi Gagneja, Anu Mathew, Sunil Kumar Mishra
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews.2020; 14(6): 2039.     CrossRef
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis precipitated by Coronavirus disease 2019 infection: Case series
    Ibrahim Alsadhan, Shahad Alruwashid, Maram Alhamad, Sarah Alajmi, Sara Alshehri, Eman Alfadhli, Aishah Ekhzaimy
    Current Therapeutic Research.2020; 93: 100609.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of survival after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in Mexican outpatients and hospitalised patients
    F.-J. Prado-Galbarro, C. Sanchez-Piedra, A.E. Gamiño-Arroyo, C. Cruz-Cruz
    Public Health.2020; 189: 66.     CrossRef
  • SARS-CoV-2 Cell Entry Factors ACE2 and TMPRSS2 Are Expressed in the Microvasculature and Ducts of Human Pancreas but Are Not Enriched in β Cells
    Katie C. Coate, Jeeyeon Cha, Shristi Shrestha, Wenliang Wang, Luciana Mateus Gonçalves, Joana Almaça, Meghan E. Kapp, Maria Fasolino, Ashleigh Morgan, Chunhua Dai, Diane C. Saunders, Rita Bottino, Radhika Aramandla, Regina Jenkins, Roland Stein, Klaus H.
    Cell Metabolism.2020; 32(6): 1028.     CrossRef
  • Caring for Hospitalized Patients with Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperglycemia, and COVID-19: Bridging the Remaining Knowledge Gaps
    Amisha Wallia, Grace Prince, Emilie Touma, Malek El Muayed, Jane Jeffrie Seley
    Current Diabetes Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Recovery From Acute Kidney Injury With Diabetic Ketoacidosis Following SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Case Report and Literature Review
    Chang Xu, Umer Zia
    Cureus.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Outbreak of COVID-19 and Diabetes in Korea: “We Will Find a Way as We Have Always Done”
    Kyu Chang Won, Kun Ho Yoon
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2020; 44(2): 211.     CrossRef
Review
Basic Research
The Role of CD36 in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: β-Cell Dysfunction and Beyond
Jun Sung Moon, Udayakumar Karunakaran, Elumalai Suma, Seung Min Chung, Kyu Chang Won
Diabetes Metab J. 2020;44(2):222-233.   Published online April 23, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2020.0053
  • 6,893 View
  • 159 Download
  • 16 Web of Science
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Impaired β-cell function is the key pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and chronic exposure of nutrient excess could lead to this tragedy. For preserving β-cell function, it is essential to understand the cause and mechanisms about the progression of β-cells failure. Glucotoxicity, lipotoxicity, and glucolipotoxicity have been suggested to be a major cause of β-cell dysfunction for decades, but not yet fully understood. Fatty acid translocase cluster determinant 36 (CD36), which is part of the free fatty acid (FFA) transporter system, has been identified in several tissues such as muscle, liver, and insulin-producing cells. Several studies have reported that induction of CD36 increases uptake of FFA in several cells, suggesting the functional interplay between glucose and FFA in terms of insulin secretion and oxidative metabolism. However, we do not currently know the regulating mechanism and physiological role of CD36 on glucolipotoxicity in pancreatic β-cells. Also, the downstream and upstream targets of CD36 related signaling have not been defined. In the present review, we will focus on the expression and function of CD36 related signaling in the pancreatic β-cells in response to hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia (ceramide) along with the clinical studies on the association between CD36 and metabolic disorders.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Nrf2 inhibition regulates intracellular lipid accumulation in mouse insulinoma cells and improves insulin secretory function
    Alpana Mukhuty, Samanwita Mandal, Chandrani Fouzder, Snehasis Das, Dipanjan Chattopadhyay, Tanmay Majumdar, Rakesh Kundu
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology.2024; 581: 112112.     CrossRef
  • CD36 gene variant rs1761667(G/A) as a biomarker in obese type 2 diabetes mellitus cases
    Ashwin Kumar Shukla, Amreen Shamsad, Atar Singh Kushwah, Shalini Singh, Kauser Usman, Monisha Banerjee
    Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • CD36 regulates macrophage and endothelial cell activation and multinucleate giant cell formation in anti neutrophil cytoplasm antibody vasculitis
    Xiang Zhang, Catherine King, Alexander Dowell, Paul Moss, Lorraine Harper, Dimitrios Chanouzas, Xiong-zhong Ruan, Alan David Salama
    Clinical Immunology.2024; 260: 109914.     CrossRef
  • The association of soluble cluster of differentiation 36 with metabolic diseases: A potential biomarker and therapeutic target
    Yun Li, Yaxi Chen, Xiong Z. Ruan
    Pediatric Discovery.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The role of candidate transport proteins in β‐cell long‐chain fatty acid uptake: Where are we now?
    Christina Clavelo‐Farrow, Patricia Thomas
    Diabetic Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • SARS-CoV-2 in the pancreas and the impaired islet function in COVID-19 patients
    Ningfei Ji, Mingshun Zhang, Liang Ren, Yunyun Wang, Bicheng Hu, Jie Xiang, Yingyun Gong, Chaojie Wu, Guoqiang Qu, Wenqiu Ding, Zhiqiang Yin, Shan Li, Zhengxia Wang, Lianzheng Zhou, Xueqin Chen, Yuan Ma, Jinhai Tang, Yun Liu, Liang Liu, Mao Huang
    Emerging Microbes & Infections.2022; 11(1): 1115.     CrossRef
  • Is imaging-based muscle quantity associated with risk of diabetes? A meta-analysis of cohort studies
    Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Yang Yuan, Bo Xie, Zilin Sun, Tongzhi Wu
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2022; 189: 109939.     CrossRef
  • Lipotoxicity in a Vicious Cycle of Pancreatic Beta Cell Exhaustion
    Vladimir Grubelnik, Jan Zmazek, Matej Završnik, Marko Marhl
    Biomedicines.2022; 10(7): 1627.     CrossRef
  • Association of cluster determinant 36, scavenger receptor class B type 1, and major facilitator superfamily domain containing the 2a genetic polymorphism with serum lipid profile in aging population with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Xixiang Wang, Xiaojun Ma, Jingjing Xu, Yujie Guo, Shaobo Zhou, Huiyan Yu, Linhong Yuan
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • CD36-Fatty Acid-Mediated Metastasis via the Bidirectional Interactions of Cancer Cells and Macrophages
    Noorzaileen Eileena Zaidi, Nur Aima Hafiza Shazali, Thean-Chor Leow, Mohd Azuraidi Osman, Kamariah Ibrahim, Wan-Hee Cheng, Kok-Song Lai, Nik Mohd Afizan Nik Abd Rahman
    Cells.2022; 11(22): 3556.     CrossRef
  • The Past and Present Lives of the Intraocular Transmembrane Protein CD36
    Rucui Yang, Qingping Liu, Mingzhi Zhang
    Cells.2022; 12(1): 171.     CrossRef
  • Implicating the effect of ketogenic diet as a preventive measure to obesity and diabetes mellitus
    Sachin Kumar, Tapan Behl, Monika Sachdeva, Aayush Sehgal, Shilpa Kumari, Arun Kumar, Gagandeep Kaur, Harlokesh Narayan Yadav, Simona Bungau
    Life Sciences.2021; 264: 118661.     CrossRef
  • Contribution of rs3211938 polymorphism at CD36 to glucose levels, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, insulin resistance, and body mass index in Mexican mestizos with type-2 diabetes from western Mexico
    Beatriz Teresita Martín-Márquez, Flavio Sandoval-Garcia, Mónica Vazquez-Del Mercado, Erika-Aurora Martínez-García, Fernanda-Isadora Corona-Meraz, Ana-Lilia Fletes-Rayas, Soraya-Amalí Zavaleta-Muñiz
    Nutrición Hospitalaria.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigating the association of CD36 gene polymorphisms (rs1761667 and rs1527483) with T2DM and dyslipidemia: Statistical analysis, machine learning based prediction, and meta-analysis
    Ma’mon M. Hatmal, Walhan Alshaer, Ismail S. Mahmoud, Mohammad A. I. Al-Hatamleh, Hamzeh J. Al-Ameer, Omar Abuyaman, Malek Zihlif, Rohimah Mohamud, Mais Darras, Mohammad Al Shhab, Rand Abu-Raideh, Hilweh Ismail, Ali Al-Hamadi, Ali Abdelhay, Kanhaiya Singh
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(10): e0257857.     CrossRef
  • Misregulation of Wnt Signaling Pathways at the Plasma Membrane in Brain and Metabolic Diseases
    Mustafa Karabicici, Yagmur Azbazdar, Evin Iscan, Gunes Ozhan
    Membranes.2021; 11(11): 844.     CrossRef

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal