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Seyeon Mun  (Mun S) 2 Articles
Association between Changes in Anthropometric Indices and in Fasting Insulin Levels among Healthy Korean Adolescents: The JS High School Study
Ji Hye Park, Seyeon Mun, Dong Phil Choi, Joo Young Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2022;46(1):164-164.   Published online January 27, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2022.0025
Corrects: Diabetes Metab J 2019;43(2):183
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Epidemiology
Association between Changes in Anthropometric Indices and in Fasting Insulin Levels among Healthy Korean Adolescents: The JS High School Study
Ji Hye Park, Seyeon Mun, Dong Phil Choi, Joo Young Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2019;43(2):183-191.   Published online January 22, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2018.0034
Correction in: Diabetes Metab J 2022;46(1):164
  • 4,730 View
  • 64 Download
  • 2 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   
Background

This study investigated the association between changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels among healthy adolescents and whether the association differed by baseline obesity status.

Methods

This analysis was based on data collected for the JS High School study; 884 healthy adolescents aged 15 to 16 years followed up for 24 to 30 months were included. Changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels were computed as the difference between baseline and follow-up values. Multivariate linear regression models were used to determine the association between changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels. Based on body mass index (BMI)-for-age and waist circumference (WC)-for-age percentiles, participants were classified as normal weight (<85th percentile), overweight (85th percentile to <95th percentile), or obese (≥95th percentile).

Results

Changes in BMI, WC, waist-hip ratio, and waist-height ratio were significantly associated with changes in fasting insulin levels in both sexes (P<0.05). In analyses stratified by baseline obesity status, the association between change in BMI and change in fasting insulin was significantly stronger in overweight (males: standardized β=1.136; females: standardized β=1.262) and obese (males: standardized β=1.817; females: standardized β=2.290) participants than in those with normal weight (males: standardized β=0.957; females: standardized β=0.976) at baseline. Results were similar for changes in WC.

Conclusion

Changes in anthropometric indices were positively associated with fasting insulin level increases. Moreover, those who were overweight or obese at baseline had a higher absolute increase in fasting insulin levels per one standard deviation unit increase in anthropometric indices than adolescents with normal weight.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Rice-based breakfast improves fasting glucose and HOMA-IR in Korean adolescents who skip breakfast, but breakfast skipping increases aromatic amino acids associated with diabetes prediction in Korean adolescents who skip breakfast: a randomized, parallel-
    Hyun Suk Kim, Su-Jin Jung, Soyoung Jang, Min Jung Kim, Youn-Soo Cha
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2022; 16(4): 450.     CrossRef

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