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Seong Ha Seo 1 Article
Complications
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Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease with Sarcopenia and Carotid Plaque Progression Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Yongin Cho, Hye-Sun Park, Byung Wook Huh, Yong-ho Lee, Seong Ha Seo, Da Hea Seo, Seong Hee Ahn, Seongbin Hong, So Hun Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2023;47(2):232-241.   Published online January 19, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2021.0355
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  • 3 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary MaterialPubReader   ePub   
Background
We aimed to evaluate whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with or without sarcopenia is associated with progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods
We investigated 852 T2DM patients who underwent abdominal ultrasonography, bioelectrical impedance analysis, and carotid artery ultrasonography at baseline and repeated carotid ultrasonography after 6 to 8 years. NAFLD was confirmed by abdominal ultrasonography, and sarcopenia was defined as a sex-specific skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) value <2 standard deviations below the mean for healthy young adults. SMI was calculated by dividing the sum of appendicular skeletal mass by body weight. We investigated the association between NAFLD with or without sarcopenia and the progression of carotid atherosclerosis.
Results
Of the 852 patients, 333 (39.1%) were classified as NAFLD without sarcopenia, 66 (7.7%) were classified as sarcopenia without NAFLD, and 123 (14.4%) had NAFLD with sarcopenia at baseline. After 6 to 8 years, patients with both NAFLD and sarcopenia had a higher risk of atherosclerosis progression (adjusted odds ratio, 2.20; P<0.009) than controls without NAFLD and sarcopenia. When a subgroup analysis was performed on only patients with NAFLD, female sex, absence of central obesity, and non-obesity were significant factors related to increased risk of plaque progression risk in sarcopenic patients.
Conclusion
NAFLD with sarcopenia was significantly associated with the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in T2DM patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Metabolic-associated fatty liver disease and sarcopenia: A double whammy
    Aditya Viswanath, Sherouk Fouda, Cornelius James Fernandez, Joseph M Pappachan
    World Journal of Hepatology.2024; 16(2): 152.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and outcome of sarcopenia in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
    Suprabhat Giri, Prajna Anirvan, Sumaswi Angadi, Ankita Singh, Anurag Lavekar
    World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and risk of sarcopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Chao Deng, Qifeng Ou, Xuee Ou, Ding Pan
    BMJ Open.2024; 14(5): e078933.     CrossRef
  • Rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) therapy decreases lean body mass and appendicular skeletal muscle mass index even until one year after the final treatment in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
    Sanshiro Nakao, Daiji Ngayama, Chiaki Nakaseko, Naomi Shimizu
    Journal of Chemotherapy.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and carotid media‐intima thickness: A systematic review and a meta‐analysis
    Manouchehr Khoshbaten, Sepideh H. Maleki, Sara Hadad, Amrit Baral, Ana V. Rocha, Laxmi Poudel, Alireza Abdshah
    Health Science Reports.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cardiometabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes and sarcopenia
    Yu. G. Samoilova, M. V. Matveeva, E. A. Khoroshunova, D. V. Podchinenova, L. L. Maksimova, G. G. Gorbach, A. B. Trivozhenko, V. A. Avkhimenko
    Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention.2023; 23(1): 3655.     CrossRef

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