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Kyong Yeun Jung  (Jung KY) 1 Article
Therapeutic Approaches for Preserving or Restoring Pancreatic β-Cell Function and Mass
Kyong Yeun Jung, Kyoung Min Kim, Soo Lim
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(6):426-436.   Published online December 15, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.6.426
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

The goal for the treatment of patients with diabetes has today shifted from merely reducing glucose concentrations to preventing the natural decline in β-cell function and delay the progression of disease. Pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and decreased β-cell mass are crucial in the development of diabetes. The β-cell defects are the main pathogenesis in patients with type 1 diabetes and are associated with type 2 diabetes as the disease progresses. Recent studies suggest that human pancreatic β-cells have a capacity for increased proliferation according to increased demands for insulin. In humans, β-cell mass has been shown to increase in patients showing insulin-resistance states such as obesity or in pregnancy. This capacity might be useful for identifying new therapeutic strategies to reestablish a functional β-cell mass. In this context, therapeutic approaches designed to increase β-cell mass might prove a significant way to manage diabetes and prevent its progression. This review describes the various β-cell defects that appear in patients with diabetes and outline the mechanisms of β-cell failure. We also review common methods for assessing β-cell function and mass and methodological limitations in vivo. Finally, we discuss the current therapeutic approaches to improve β-cell function and increase β-cell mass.

Citations

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