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Jae Won Hong  (Hong JW) 3 Articles
Clinical Care/Education
Factors Associated with Participation in Diabetes Education: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2009
Jung Min Kim, Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2016;40(6):447-453.   Published online September 20, 2016
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  • 35 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

A recent study revealed that the participation rate in diabetes education among diabetic patients was only about 50% in Korea. We investigated the factors associated with participation in diabetes education.


The study included 1,255 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with diabetes drawn from the total Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007 to 2009 population comprising 30,705 individuals. We compared age, sex, and age- and sex-adjusted clinical characteristics in patients who had received diabetes education versus those who had not.


Of the 1,255 patients, 19.8% (n=248) had received diabetes education. Patients in the group who received diabetes education were younger, diagnosed at an earlier age, had a longer diabetes duration and were more likely to be using insulin therapy compared with the group who did not receive diabetes education (P<0.001). The group who received diabetes education included fewer manual workers (P<0.001) but more college graduates (P=0.004) compared with the group who did not receive diabetes education. Logistic regression analysis revealed that longer diabetes duration increased the likelihood of receiving diabetes education (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.06; P=0.004). Junior high school (OR, 0.47; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.91; P=0.026) and elementary school education levels (OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.17 to 0.65; P=0.001) versus college graduation were inversely correlated with participation in diabetes self-management education. Non-insulin therapy reduced the likelihood of receiving diabetes education (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.64; P<0.001).


Longer diabetes duration, insulin therapy, and higher education level were positively associated with the completion of diabetes education.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Management Status of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at General Hospitals in Korea: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study
    Jin Hee Jung, Jung Hwa Lee, Hyang Mi Jang, Young Na, Hee Sun Choi, Yeon Hee Lee, Yang Gyo Kang, Na Rae Kim, Jeong Rim Lee, Bok Rye Song, Kang Hee Sim
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2022; 23(1): 64.     CrossRef
  • Team-based multicomponent care improved and sustained glycaemic control in obese people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a Diabetes Centre setting: A quality improvement program with quasi-experimental design
    Lee-Ling Lim, Eric S.H. Lau, Risa Ozaki, Tammy T.Y. So, Rebecca Y.M. Wong, Elaine Y.K. Chow, Ronald C.W. Ma, Andrea O.Y. Luk, Juliana C.N. Chan, Alice P.S. Kong
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2022; 194: 110138.     CrossRef
  • Socio-economic determinants of attendance at diabetes self-management education program: using Andersen’s behavioral model
    Javad Javan-Noughabi, Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee, Sajad Vahedi, Tahere Sharifi
    BMC Health Services Research.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Participation in Diabetes Education among Community-Dwelling Adults with Diabetes
    Young-Hoon Lee
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2020; 61(2): 169.     CrossRef
  • Influence of health education on clinical parameters in type 2 diabetic subjects with and without hypertension: A longitudinal, comparative analysis in routine primary care settings
    Xiu-Jing Hu, Hua-Feng Wu, Yu-Ting Li, Yi Wang, Hui Cheng, Jia-Ji Wang, Bedru H. Mohammed, Isabella Tan, Harry H.X. Wang
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 170: 108539.     CrossRef
  • Disparities in Diabetes Education Program Use by Disability Status Among People with Diabetes: Findings from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2015
    Junrong Shi, Yong Li
    American Journal of Health Education.2019; 50(1): 6.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Preferences of Adults With Type 2 Diabetes for Diabetes Self-Management Education Interventions
    Lifeng Fan, Souraya Sidani
    Canadian Journal of Diabetes.2018; 42(6): 645.     CrossRef
  • Antihyperglycemic agent therapy for adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus 2017: a position statement of the Korean Diabetes Association
    Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyu-Yeon Hur, Sang Youl Rhee, Nan-Hee Kim, Min Kyong Moon, Seok-O Park, Byung-Wan Lee, Hyun Jin Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Jin Hwa Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2017; 32(6): 947.     CrossRef
  • Antihyperglycemic Agent Therapy for Adult Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus 2017: A Position Statement of the Korean Diabetes Association
    Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyu-Yeon Hur, Sang Youl Rhee, Nan-Hee Kim, Min Kyong Moon, Seok-O Park, Byung-Wan Lee, Hyun Jin Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Jin Hwa Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2017; 41(5): 337.     CrossRef
Glycated Hemoglobin Value for Fasting Plasma Glucose of 126 mg/dL in Korean: The 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Jung Min Kim, Jae Won Hong, Jong Chul Won, Jung Hyun Noh, Kyung Soo Ko, Byoung Doo Rhee, Dong-Jun Kim
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(6):480-483.   Published online December 15, 2014
  • 4,935 View
  • 36 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

We aimed to estimate the cutoff value of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c, A1c) for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) of 126 mg/dL in the Korean adult population, using the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 5,421 participants without a history of diabetes and over 19 years of age were included in the analysis. A point-wise area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to estimate the optimal A1c cutoff value. A1c threshold of 6.1% produced the highest sum of sensitivity (85.2%) and specificity (90.5%) for FPG of 126 mg/dL (area under the curve, 0.941, P<0.001). A1c of 6.5% produced a sensitivity of 67.7% and specificity of 98.0% for FPG of 126 mg/dL. Considering A1c as one of three criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes and the specificity of an A1c cutoff of 6.5%, the current diagnostic criteria of A1c≥6.5% might be acceptable in the Korean adult population.


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  • The Effect of an Empowerment Program on the Perceived Risk and Physical Health of Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
    Zeinab Ghasemzadeh Kuchi, Masoomeh Zakerimoghadam, Maryam Esmaeili, Babak Geraiely
    Holistic Nursing Practice.2020; 34(3): 163.     CrossRef
  • Morning Spot Urine Glucose-to-Creatinine Ratios Predict Overnight Urinary Glucose Excretion in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
    So Ra Kim, Yong-ho Lee, Sang-Guk Lee, Sun Hee Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Bong-Soo Cha, Hyun Chul Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim, Byung-Wan Lee
    Annals of Laboratory Medicine.2017; 37(1): 9.     CrossRef
  • Glycosylated Hemoglobin Threshold for Predicting Diabetes and Prediabetes from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Sangmo Hong, Jun Goo Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Seong Jin Lee, Cheol-Young Park, Chang Beom Lee, Sung-Hee Ihm
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2016; 40(2): 167.     CrossRef
  • Is an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test Still Valid for Diagnosing Diabetes Mellitus?
    Dong-Lim Kim, Sun-Doo Kim, Suk Kyeong Kim, Sooyoun Park, Kee-Ho Song
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2016; 40(2): 118.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of the clinical characteristics of diabetes mellitus diagnosed using fasting plasma glucose and haemoglobin A1c: The 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Sangmo Hong, Jun Goo Kang, Chul Sik Kim, Seong Jin Lee, Chang Beom Lee, Sung-Hee Ihm
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2016; 113: 23.     CrossRef
  • Effects of diabetes definition on global surveillance of diabetes prevalence and diagnosis: a pooled analysis of 96 population-based studies with 331 288 participants
    G Danaei, S Fahimi, Y Lu, B Zhou, K Hajifathalian, M Di Cesare, WC Lo, B Reis-Santos, MJ Cowan, JE Shaw, J Bentham, JK Lin, H Bixby, D Magliano, P Bovet, JJ Miranda, YH Khang, GA Stevens, LM Riley, MK Ali, M Ezzati, ZA Abdeen, KA Kadir, M Abu-Rmeileh, B A
    The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.2015; 3(8): 624.     CrossRef
  • The Optimal Cutoff Value of Glycated Hemoglobin for Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy
    Jung Min Kim, Dong-Jun Kim
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2015; 39(1): 16.     CrossRef
Beneficial Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids on Low Density Lipoprotein Particle Size in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Already under Statin Therapy
Myung Won Lee, Jeong Kyung Park, Jae Won Hong, Kwang Joon Kim, Dong Yeob Shin, Chul Woo Ahn, Young Duk Song, Hong Keun Cho, Seok Won Park, Eun Jig Lee
Diabetes Metab J. 2013;37(3):207-211.   Published online June 14, 2013
  • 4,432 View
  • 46 Download
  • 23 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

Beyond statin therapy for reducing low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), additional therapeutic strategies are required to achieve more optimal reduction in cardiovascular risk among diabetic patients with dyslipidemia. To evaluate the effects and the safety of combined treatment with omega-3 fatty acids and statin in dyslipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes, we conducted a randomized, open-label study in Korea. Patients with persistent hypertriglyceridemia (≥200 mg/dL) while taking statin for at least 6 weeks were eligible. Fifty-one patients were randomized to receive either omega-3 fatty acid 4, 2 g, or no drug for 8 weeks while continuing statin therapy. After 8 weeks of treatment, the mean percentage change of low density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size and triglyceride (TG) level was greater in patients who were prescribed 4 g of omega-3 fatty acid with statin than in patients receiving statin monotherapy (2.8%±3.1% vs. 2.3%±3.6%, P=0.024; -41.0%±24.1% vs. -24.2%±31.9%, P=0.049). Coadministration of omega-3 fatty acids with statin increased LDL particle size and decreased TG level in dyslipidemic patients with type 2 diabetes. The therapy was well tolerated without significant adverse effects.


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    InterConf.2023; (35(163)): 213.     CrossRef
  • Atherogenic features of the fatty acid profile of erythrocyte membranes of patients with fatty liver disease of mixed genesis
    M. V. Kruchinina, A. V. Belkovets, M. V. Parulikova, A. A. Gromov
    Ateroscleroz.2023; 19(4): 350.     CrossRef
  • Omega-3 supplementation in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) – a review of clinical trials and cohort
    Vitoria Melo, Thomas Silva, Thaissa Silva, Juliana Freitas, Joselita Sacramento, Mirian Vazquez, Edilene Araujo
    Endocrine Regulations.2022; 56(1): 66.     CrossRef
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    BMJ Open.2022; 12(2): e054417.     CrossRef
  • N-3 fatty acid supplementation mediates lipid profile, including small dense LDL, when combined with statins: a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial
    Gediz Dogay Us, Sohail Mushtaq
    Lipids in Health and Disease.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Yunjiao Yang, Wen Deng, Yanmei Wang, Tongyi Li, Yiding Chen, Cong Long, Qing Wen, Yue Wu, Qiu Chen
    Frontiers in Nutrition.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Study of the Healthy Effects of Different Fat Ratios Mixtures of Omega-3 to Omega-6 in Male Mice with Alloxan-Induced Diabetes
    Ali. M. Atallah, Faryal. F. Hussein
    Tikrit journal for agricultural sciences.2021; 21(4): 129.     CrossRef
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    Neha M. Chitre, Nader H. Moniri, Kevin S. Murnane
    CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets.2020; 18(10): 735.     CrossRef
  • Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Patients Treated with Statins for Residual Hypertriglyceridemia: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial
    Ji Eun Jun, In-Kyung Jeong, Jae Myung Yu, Sung Rae Kim, In Kye Lee, Kyung-Ah Han, Sung Hee Choi, Soo-Kyung Kim, Hyeong Kyu Park, Ji-Oh Mok, Yong-ho Lee, Hyuk-Sang Kwon, So Hun Kim, Ho-Cheol Kang, Sang Ah Lee, Chang Beom Lee, Kyung Mook Choi, Sung-Ho Her,
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  • The combination of canagliflozin and omega-3 fatty acid ameliorates insulin resistance and cardiac biomarkersviamodulation of inflammatory cytokines in type 2 diabetic rats
    Mohammed Mohsen Safhi, Tarique Anwer, Gyas Khan, Rahimullah Siddiqui, Sivagurunathan Moni Sivakumar, Mohammad Firoz Alam
    The Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology.2018; 22(5): 493.     CrossRef
  • Effect of diets rich in either saturated fat or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and supplemented with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on plasma lipoprotein profiles
    C B Dias, N Amigo, L G Wood, X Correig, M L Garg
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2017; 71(11): 1297.     CrossRef
  • Effects of 12-week supplementation of marine Omega-3 PUFA-based formulation Omega3Q10 in older adults with prehypertension and/or elevated blood cholesterol
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    Lipids in Health and Disease.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    C B Dias, L G Wood, M L Garg
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2016; 70(7): 812.     CrossRef
  • Comparative analysis of the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids for hypertriglyceridaemia management in Korea
    H.-S. Kim, H. Kim, Y. J. Jeong, S. J. Yang, S. J. Baik, H. Lee, S.-H. Lee, J. H. Cho, I.-Y. Choi, H. W. Yim, K.-H. Yoon
    Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics.2016; 41(5): 508.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation on Diabetic Nephropathy Progression in Patients with Diabetes and Hypertriglyceridemia
    Eugene Han, Yujung Yun, Gyuri Kim, Yong-ho Lee, Hye Jin Wang, Byung-Wan Lee, Bong Soo Cha, Beom Seok Kim, Eun Seok Kang, Wolf-Hagen Schunck
    PLOS ONE.2016; 11(5): e0154683.     CrossRef
  • The clinical relevance of omega-3 fatty acids in the management of hypertriglyceridemia
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    Lipids in Health and Disease.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Food & Function.2015; 6(8): 2607.     CrossRef
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