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Harold David McIntyre  (McIntyre HD) 1 Article
Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating: A Role for the Expert Patient?
Harold David McIntyre
Diabetes Metab J. 2014;38(2):87-91.   Published online April 18, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2014.38.2.87
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AbstractAbstract PDFPubReader   

The Dose Adjustment for Normal Eating (DAFNE) programme of intensive insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes provides a structured educational intervention to improve glycemic control, reduce hypoglycemia and improve quality of life. Enhancement of self-management skills is a key element of DAFNE and patients acquire detailed skills in insulin dose adjustment. Following DAFNE training, patients report improved confidence in their ability to manage their own insulin dosing, but generally still seek and require the assistance of health professionals when making substantial changes to their insulin regimens. Some DAFNE trained patients may be able to assist their peers in aspects of diabetes management within a group environment, but widespread introduction of the expert patient/peer educator role in the self-management of type 1 diabetes, in particular related to insulin dose management, would require formal and detailed evaluation, preferably in randomized controlled clinical trials, before being introduced into routine clinical practice.

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