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Young Deuk Song  (Song YD) 4 Articles
Efficacy and Safety of beraprost sodium in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects Complicated with Arteriosclerosis Obliterans (ASO): A Prospective, Multicenter, Open Clinical Study.
Yeon Sahng Oh, Young Deuk Song, Moon Kyu Lee, Young Seol Kim, Ho Young Son
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(5):587-602.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract
BACKGROUND
Beraprost sodium (BPS) is a new stable, orally active prostaglandin I2 analogue with antiplatelet and vasodilating properties. We performed an prospective, multicenter, open clinical trial to assess the efficacy and safety of BPS in type 2 diabetic patients complicated with arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). METHOD: We recruited 34 type 2 diabetic patients complicated with ASO at 5 different university hospitals. Patients received BPS 40 g tid for 6-week. Patients performed a subjective and objective assessment of treatment usefulness at 2- and 6-week. Safety was assessed by obtaining clinical data and history. RESULTS: There was a significant difference between before and after treatment for changes regarding the items "chillness", "numbness" and "rest pain". An improve ment in intermittent claudication distance at the 2-or 4-week interval was achieved. Ankle Pressure Index (API) was not statistically different. The side effects including fever, myalgia, indigestion were subtle and the patients' compliance is good. CONCLUSION: These results show that BSP is an effective and safe symptomatic treatment of Type 2 diabetic patients with ASO.
Floow-up Study of Clinical and Immunogenetic Chracteristics and Basal C-peptidein Korea Young Age Onset Diabetic Patients.
Hyun Chul Lee, Duk Hi Kim, Jae Hyun Nam, Chul Woo Ahn, Seong Kil Lim, Kap Bum Huh, Soo Yeon Nam, Seok Won Park, Young Deuk Song, Hyun Soo Kim, Jin Wook Kweon, Kyung Hee Chang, Kyung Rae Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(3):288-298.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
This study was undertaken to observe the changes of basal C-peptide level and to compare the clinical and immunogenetic characteristics in newly dignosed young age-onset diabetics in Korea. We studied predictors effecting the change of insulin secretory capacity in these patients. METHODS: 82 newly diagnosed young diabetic patients (mean age; 23.0+7.1, M:F=46:36) were divided into 3 groups according to the initial fasting serum C-peptide level (Classification I, group 1; C-peptide < 0.6 ng/mL, group 2; 0.6 ng/mL C-peptide <1.2 ng/mL, and group 3; 1.2 ng/mL C-peptide) and reclassified by the follow-up (mean follow-up; 3.7 year) fasting serum C-peptide level. RESULTS: According to the initial fasting serum C-peptide level, 17.1% (14/82) of the patients were classified as group 1, 35.4% (29/82) as group 2, and 47.5%(39/82) as group 3. In group 3, body mass index (BMI, p<0.01) and maximal BMI (p<0.01) at onset, family history of diabetes (p=0.01) and stimulated C-peptide increment were significantly higher than those in group 1 and 2. Presence of urine ketone (p<0.01), history of diabetic keto- acidosis (p<0.01), and frequency of insulin therapy at diagnosis (p<0.01) were significantly lower than those in group 1 and 2. No significant differences in onset age, sex, weight loss at onset, HbA1c, anti GAD antibody and HLA-DR were found among the 3 groups. After certain follow-up periods, 37.8% (31/82) of the patients were reclassified as group 1, 24.4% (20/82) as group 2, and 37.8% (31/82) as group 3 according to the follow-up fasting serum C-peptide level(classification II). All of the patients in group 1 in classification I were reclassified as group 1 in classification II. In group 2, 44.8% were reclassified as group 1 and 17.3% were reclassified in group 3. In group 3, 15.4% (6/39) of patients showed a significant decrease in insulin secretory capacity and were reclassified as type I diabetes, and their predictors for decreased insulin secretory capacity were low BMI at onset, low slimulated C-peptide increment, and antiGAD antibody. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that classification of newly diagnosed young diabetics by fasting C-peptide level is not always easy. Therefore follow-up measurement of C-peptide and consideration of clinical characteristics are needed in discriminating the type of diabetes in these groups of diabetics in Korea.
Associations of Carotid Intinma-Media Thickness Measured by High Resolution B-mode Ultrasonography and Atherosclerotic Risk Factors in NIDDM Patients.
Hyun Chul Lee, Jae Hyun Nam, Seong Kil Lim, Kap Bum Huh, Kyeong Rae Kim, Soo Yeon Nam, Seok Won Park, Churl Woo Ahn, Young Deuk Song, Dae Jung Kim, Young Guk Ko
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(3):234-242.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Atherosclerosis is more prevalent in diabetic patients, severe and wide spread than in non-diabetic subjects and clinically evident as macrovascular diseases such as coronary, cerebro- vascular and peripheral arterial diseases which are important causes of frequent morbidity and premature mortality. But atherosclerotic vascular lesions are not easily detectable, before they advanced and cause symptoms. Measurement of carotid Intima-Media thickness(IMT) by high- resolution B-mode ultrasonography is a useful, non-invasive method to detect early atherosclerotic vascular changes. In this study, we investigated associations of IMT with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: High-resolution B-mode ultrasonography was performed in 63 non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients in order to determine maximal and mean carotid IMT. Blood pressure, glucose, HbA total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels were measured on a regular basis in the last 12 months before the carotid ultrasonography. The mean and last values at the time of the carotid ultrasonography were analyzed in relationship to the IMT. RESULTS: Carotid IMT was increased in NIDDM patients with male sex, smoking habit and hypertension. Systolic blood pressure (r=0.252, p=0.050) and LDL cholesterol levels (r=0.273, p=0.031) at the time of carotid ultrasonography showed a correlation with the IMT. Mean triglyceride (r=0.368, p=0.018) and HbA1c>, levels (r=0.288, p=0.045) of the last 12 months were correlated with the IMT. CONCLUSION: Increased carotid IMT was associated with male sex, smoking, hypertension, systolic blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, mean HbA, and triglyceride levels.
Lowering Effect of Voglibose, Monotherapy on Uncontrolled Postprandial Glucose in Patients with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM) Being Treated with Strict Diet Control: Multicenter Open-Study.
Jeong Taek Woo, Young Seol Kim, Young Kil Choi, Jin Woo Kim, In Myung Yang, Sung Woon Kim, Deog Yoon Kim, Kwang Won Kim, Moon Kyu Lee, Myung Shik Lee, Jae Hoon Jung, Kyu Jeong Ahn, Hyun Chul Lee, Young Deuk Song, Bong Soo Cha, Jee Hyun Lee, Hyung Joon Won
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(3):419-428.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
It is sometimes very difficult to control the elevation of postprandial glucose with diet therapy only in patients with NIDDM partly because of their defective insulin response to glucose. Recently the alpha-glucosidase inhibitors which inhibit carbohydrate digestion and suppress or delay absorption of the final breakdown products, glucose and fructose when it is taken orally with meal have been widely used in the treatment of diabetes. The drugs, however, provoke the adverse effects e.g. flatulence, diarrhea etc. in some patients. Therefore we studied the efficacy of the more recently developed alpha glucosidase inhibitor, Voglibose (Basen, Cheiljedang) METHODS: Fifty five patients whose postprandial two hour serum glucose levels were more than 11.1 mmol/L despite the strict diet therapy during the 4 week observation period were assigned to receive Voglibose 0.2 mg before each meal t.i.d. for 8 weeks. Of 55 subjects, 41 were given Voglibose 0.3 mg t..i.d. for the last 4 weeks because of their poor glucose control, RESULTS: The postprandial one and two hour serum glucose levels significantly decreased after therapy; 1 hour: 17.5+4.4 mmol/L(prior to therapy), 15.4+3.8 mmol/L(4 week after), 14.8+5.1 mmol/L(8 week), p <0.00l, 2 hour: 16.7+4.5 mmol/L, 14.8+3.9 mmol/ L, 14.8+4.5 mmol/L, p<0.00 l, t-tests for paired samples. Total serum cholesterol and HDL cholesterol levels also significantly decreased(5.24+1.06 - 4.90+1.27 mmol/L, p=0.036, 1.34+0.66 1.16 +0.3l mmol/L, p=0.035 respectively) However, HbAlc, serum fructosamine, insulin and triglyceride levels were not significantly changed. The prevalence of the adverse effects due to Voglibose was 14%(10/71). All of them were less than grade II of WHO criteria and disappeared despite continuing therapy. CONCLUSION: Voglibose monotherapy is considered as having an glucose lowering effect in patients with NIDDM whose adequate postprandial blood glucose cannot be achieved with diet therapy only.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
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