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Soo Mi Jang  (Jang SM) 2 Articles
Current Status of Self-management and Barriers in Elderly Diabetic Patient.
Gyong Ae Choi, Soo Mi Jang, Hong Woo Nam
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(3):280-289.   Published online June 1, 2008
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  • 80 Download
  • 28 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Diabetes has a critical effect on elderly diabetic patients' quality of life. Elderly diabetic patients have many difficulties in diabetes self-management because their physical, psychological and social functions are decreased as a result of the aging process. Therefore, we evaluated the current status of self-management and barriers in elderly diabetic patients METHODS: The sample was 124 elderly diabetic patients (over 61 years) who visited a hospital and two senior welfare centers in Seoul from July to August 2006. The results of the study were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ANOVA, T-test, and hierarchical regression. RESULTS: 1) Diabetes self-management was composed of insulin injection, diet, exercise, foot management, smoking and drinking alcohol. An average score of self-management in the elderly diabetic patients was 4.5784. In demographic variables, only job status showed a significant effect on self-management. 2) Barriers such as 'forgetting taking diet and medication', 'being interrupted by others', and 'lack of family and social support' were significant factors in diabetes self-management. 3) These barriers for diabetes self-management were still significant in the case of controlling demographic and clinical variables. CONCLUSION: Diabetic educator should identify the significant factors that affect patient's self-management such as whether they have a full-time job, or the type of their job. In addition, diabetes education should focus on assertiveness training to deal with various interpersonal barriers and empowerment for enhancing patient's self-efficacy. These approaches would benefit patients who experience barriers of diabetes self-management


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Alcohol Drinking Problems and Diabetes Self-care in Male Diabetics.
Soo Mi Jang, Kyung Ae Choi, Hyung Joon Yoo
Korean Diabetes J. 2004;28(2):139-148.   Published online April 1, 2004
  • 834 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Heavy alcohol drinking negatively influences the self-care of diabetics requiring strict management of their lifestyle. However, related studies on the clinical interventions for diabetics with alcohol drinking problems are rare. Thus, the relationship between alcohol drinking problems and self-care of male diabetics was studied, and the physician's recognition of the drinking problems also evaluated. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 88 middle-aged male diabetics. They were selected from 4 general hospitals between Nov. 2001 and Feb. 2002. The subjects' alcohol drinking problems and degree of diabetes self-care were examined. Their charts were also reviewed for the physician's recognition of diabetic' alcohol related drinking problems. RESULT: Among the subjects, 53.4% were categorized as problem drinkers and 26% as alcohol dependent. Furthermore, 67.5% of diabetics with drinking problems had their alcohol drinking problems recognized by the physician. The mean self-care among diabetics with and without alcohol drinking problems were 15.0. The mean self-care among diabetics without alcohol drinking problems was 20.6(p<0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, the importance of educator's sensitivity to diabetics' drinking problems and the use of screening tools to find alcohol drinking problems at an early stage have been highlighted. Further studies on the development of new program are suggested in order to effectively intervene in diabetics with alcohol drinking problems.

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