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Seung Ho Hur  (Hur SH) 2 Articles
The Effect of alpha-lipoic Acid on Endothelial Dysfunction Induced by Intralipid Infusion in Healthy Volunteers.
Dong Wook Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Hye Soon Kim, Tae Sung Yun, Ho Chan Cho, Sang Jun Lee, Seung Ho Hur, Kyo Cheol Mun, Yong Won Cho, Jae Hoon Bae, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(5):336-346.   Published online October 1, 2002
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BACKGROUND
Endothelial dysfunciton has been proposed as an early manifestation of atherogenesis. Recently, emerging evidence suggests that hypertriglyceridemia and elevated free fatty acid are important risk factors in the development of atherosclerosis, probably through an increased oxidative stress. To clarify the hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on the endothelial dysfunction induced by intralipid infusion in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Hypertriglyceridemia and elevated free fatty acids was induced by infusion of intralipid. FMD (Flow-mediated dilation) of the brachial artery was investigated noninvasively by a high-resolution ultrasound technique in 13 young, healthy men without risk factors for coronary heart disease. RESULTS: Plasma triglyceride, free fatty acid and the superoxide anion were increased from 61.7+/-28.8 to 332.6+/-202.5 mg/dL, from 330.7+/-131.1 to 1267.0+/-486.2 microEq/L and from 6.6+/-2.2 to 8.7+/-1.5 X 10(-7)nmol/10(6)cells/30min (vs. basal p<0.001), respectively, following infusion of the intralipid. The FMD was decreased from 10.1+/-3.3 to 7.7+/-3.7% (vs. basal p<0.01) following infusion of the intralipid. After treatment with ALA, the increase in the FMD and the decrease in superoxide anion were significant. CONCLUSION: Acute hypertriglyceridemia, induced by intralipid infusion, is implicated in endothelial dysfunction. This endothelial dysfunction was reversed by treatment with ALA. These results suggest that chronic and repeated hypertriglyceridemia may play important roles in the development of atherosclerosis probably by increasing oxidative stress.
The Effect of Alpha-lipoic Acid on Endothelial Dysfunction in Postmenopausal Uncomplicated Type 2 Diabetes.
Ho Chan Cho, Sang Jun Lee, Mi Jung Kim, Hye Sun Kim, Tae Sung Yun, Sung Jae Kim, Sang Hyon Kim, Seung Ho Hur, Kyo Chul Moon, Jae Hoon Bae, In Kyu Lee
Korean Diabetes J. 2002;26(4):242-252.   Published online August 1, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recently, increased oxidative stress has been proposed as a major cause of vascular complications of patients with diabetes mellitus. Increased generation of oxygen free radicals in patients with diabetes mellitus could deplete cellular antioxidants and inactivate endothelial dependent vasodilating factor (EDRF), such as nitric oxide (NO). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the antioxidant alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is effective in endothelial dysfunction of brachial artery, which induced by increased oxidative stress in postmenopausal diabetic women using high resolution ultrasound technique and initial reaction time (IRT) measurement. METHODS: We enrolled 11 menopausal women (mean age, 56.5+/-5.1 years) with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes. All patients were taking 1200 mg of ALA (Thioctacid(R), Bukwang, Korea). We measured of superoxide anion (O2-) in neutrophils as a marker of oxidative stress. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured using a high-resolution ultrasound. RESULTS: After treatment of ALA, fasting blood glucose was decreased significantly, the endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery was increased, and O2- production was also decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: These results show that short term ALA treatment could improve the endothelial dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. This improvement might be related with the antioxidants effect of ALA.

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