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Jong Ryeal Hahm  (Hahm JR) 5 Articles
The Classification of Diabetic Patients Presenting Diabetic Ketoacidosis: The Characteristics of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes.
Tae Sik Jung, Jong Ryeal Hahm, Jung Hwa Jung, Soon Il Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 2008;32(6):534-536.   Published online December 1, 2008
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  • A Case of Fulminant Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in an Elderly Patient
    Seung Min Woo, Seung Hyun Hong, Sung Yun Lee, Su Heui Lee, Duc Ky Lee, Sae Jeong Yang
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2015; 16(3): 225.     CrossRef
A Case of Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Presenting with Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis.
Jung Hwa Jung, Jong Ryeal Hahm, Mi Yeon Kang, Sung Won Moon, Tae Sik Jung, Deok Ryong Kim, Soon Il Chung
Korean Diabetes J. 2004;28(3):225-230.   Published online June 1, 2004
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Rhinocerebral mucormycosis(RM) is a rare opportunistic fungal infection that mainly occurs in immunocompromised or diabetic patients, but rarely in healthy indi-viduals. This fungal infection usually begins at the nose and progresses through the paranasal sinuses, and secondarily invading the orbit and central nervous system. Because of its rapid progression and high mortality, early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to increase the patient survival rate. A combination of ampho-tericin B administration and surgery is a standard repertoire of RM treatment. Herein, a case in which a 69-year-old male patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus, presentings as RM, is reported. This patient had never been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus until the diabetes and RM were identified by us using the oral glucose tolerance test, measurement of the glycated hemoglobin level and a paranasal sinus CT scan. The RM was further confirmed by a biopsy of an oral mucosal ulcerative lesion. This case suggests that RM can present in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients.
The Appropriteness of New ADA Diagnostin Criteria for Diabetes Mellitus in Korean Population.
Moon kyu Lee, Myung Shik Lee, Young Ki Min, Sung Hoon Kim, Byoung Joon Kim, Dong Jun Kim, Jong Ryeal Hahm, Eun Young Oh, Yun Jae Chung, Kyoung Ah Kim, Jae Hoon Chung, Kwang Won Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(3):336-351.   Published online January 1, 2001
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The ADA has proposed a new diagnostic criteria for diabetes based on fasting plasma glucose, redefining diabetes as fasting plasma glucose 7.0 mmol/L. Since only a few studies for the appropriateness of tbis new ADA criteria were undertaken in the Korean population, we examined the appropriateness of the new ADA criteria by analyzing the results of oral glucose tolerance tests done in our hospital. METHODS: 507 oral glucose tolerance tests were conducted. Cases with diabetes and diseases that could affect the glucose tolerance were excluded. Plasma glucose was measured by the hexokinase method. Three groups of NGT, IGT, and DM by the WHO criteria of 2 hour-plasma glucose were redivided at each level of fasting plasma glucose. We calculated the sensitivity and specificity of each level of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and the FPG value of maximum accuracy to diagnose diabetes with reference to the WHO criteria of 2 hour-plasma glucose. RESULTS: Correlation between the levels of fasting plasma glucose and 2 hour-plasma glucose was relatively low (r=0.676). FPG of 7.0 mmol/L for diagnosing diabetes was relatively specific (specificity=0.934), but not sensitive (sensitivity= 0.552). FPG value of maximum accuracy for diagnosing diabetes was 6.8 mmol/L. 39 % of IFG (> 6.1mmol/L and < 7.0mmol/L) was reclassified as diabetes by the criteria of 2 hour plasma glucose 11.1 mmol/L and 34 % of NFG (<6.1mmol/L) was reclassified as impaired glucose tolerance by the criteria of 2 hour plasma glucose > 7.8 mmol/L. CONCLUSION: The fasting plasma glucose of 7.0 mmol/L was relatively specific for diagnosing diabetes. However, the new ADA criteria tended to underestimate the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in the Korean population. Therefore, oral glucose tolerance test may be needed to diagnose diabetes in high risk subjects. Large-scale cross-sectional and prospective studies will be needed to clarify these points.
Measurement of Anti-Phogrin Antibody in Korean Autoimmune Deabetes; Comparison to Anti-IA-2 Antibody.
Moon kyu Lee, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Sung Hoon Kim, Byoung Joon Kim, Dong Jun Kim, Jong Ryeal Hahm, Dong Kyu Jin, Kyoung Ah Kim, Kwang Won Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1999;23(3):269-277.   Published online January 1, 2001
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Since the discovery of IA-2 as a major autoantigen in type 1 diabetes, the question arose as to whether other PTPs (protein tyrosine phosphatases) could act as diabetic autoantigens as well. A novel PTP, designated IA-2 B (phogrin; phosphatase homologue in granules of insulinoma) was isolated that has a high sequence similarity to IA-2. Since some studies suggested that auto- immunity to phogrin, rather than IA-2 may be more closely associated with the development of type 1 diabetes, we measured the frequency of anti-phogrin antibody in Korean patients with type 1 diabetes and compared it with that of anti-IA-2 antibody/ anti-GAD antibody. METHODS: The anti-phogrin antibody and the anti-IA-2 antibody were measured by radioligand binding assays using in vitro transcribed and translated S-labeled phogrin and IA-2, respectively. Anti-GAD antibody was measured using a commercial radioimmunoassay kit (RSR, Cardiff, U.K.). The subjects in this study consisted of 41 patients with classical type 1 diabetes, 22 with slowly progressive type 1 diabetes, and 39 with type 2 diabetes. Their average mean age was 16.9 years, 37.9 years and 45.3 years respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of anti-phogrin antibody, anti-IA-2 antibody and anti-GAD antibody in classical type 1 diabetes was 24.4%, 26.8% and 51.2% respectively. That, in slowly progressive type 1 diabetes was 0%, 9.1% and 40.9% respectively. When the anti-GAD antibody assay and the anti-IA-2 antibody assay were combined, the prevalence of autoantibodies was 58.5% in classical type 1 diabetes and 50% in slowly progressive type I diabetes. However, the addition of the anti-phogrin antibody to the anti-GAD antibody/anti-IA-2 antibody measurement did not significantly increase the prevalence of autoantibody. The level of the antiphogrin antibody was positively correlated with that of the anti-IA-2 antibody. The presence of the anti-phogrin antibody and the anti-IA-2 antibody was negatively correlated with the age at diagnosis. One patient with type 1 diabetes had the anti-phogrin antibody without the anti-IA-2 antibody. CONCLUSION: Combined measurement of the anti-phogrin antibody with the anti-IA-2 antibody/ anti-GAD antibody did not significantly increase the prevalence of autoantibodies in Korean patients with type 1 diabetes. In the majority of Korean type 1 diabetes patients, the anti-phogrin antibody appears to share epitopes with the anti-IA-2 antibody. However, a small proportion of type 1 diabetes patients may have a specific autoimmune response to phogrin.
The Significance of thebeta3 Adrenergic Receptor Gene Polymorphism in Obese Koreans.
Byoung Joon Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Dong Jun Kim, Jong Ryeal Hahm, Jin Seok Kim, Kyu Jeung Ahn, Jae Hoon Chung, Yong Ki Min, Myung Shik Lee, Moon Kyu Lee, Kwang Won Kim
Korean Diabetes J. 1998;22(4):450-456.   Published online January 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The b3 adrenergic receptor (b3-AR), expressed mainly in visceral fat of human, is involved in regulation of lipolysis and thermogenesis. The missense mutation of b3-AR gene, resulting in the replacement of tryptophan by arginine at position 64 (Trp64Arg), is associated with decreased resting metabolic rate, weight gain and development of obesity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of the b3-AR gene polymorphism in obese Koreans. Subjects and METHODS: b3-AR genotype was determined in 87 healthy Koreans who visited SMC for the purpose of health checking from Dec/1996 to Feb/1997. Oral glucose tolerance test was performed with 75 g glucose. Lipid profiles, insulin, C-peptide were measured. Anthropometric data was obtained from physical examination and medical records. The subjects with previously diagnosed diabetes mellitus, other endocrine diseases or chronic illness were excluded. To determine the polymorphism, genomic DNA was isolated and PCR and RFLP by MvaI were carried. RESULTS: 1. The difference in frequency of Trp64Arg mutation between two groups was highly significant. (12 subjects (63%) in obese group and 21 subjects (30%) in non obese group, p<0.02) 2. There was significantly high allele frequency in obese group. (obese group: 32 %; non obese group: 15 %, p<0.02). 3. According to BMI, there were significantly high WHR (0.88+0.04 vs 0.83+0.06,p=0.01), total body fat (29.8+7.4 vs 24.4+6.5%, p=0.01) and systolic blood pressure(132+19 vs 124+14mmHg, p=0.04) in obese group. 4. According to b3-AR genotype, there were significantly high WHR (0.830.056 vs. 0.860.05) and 120 min (260.5+171. 5 vs 355.9+234.6 pmol/L, p=0.04) insulin level during OGTT in heterozygote group. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the frequency of the b3-AR gene mutation was significantly higher in obese Koreans and b3-AR gene polymorphism might play a role in the pathogenesis of obesity.

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