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Geun Young Jang  (Jang GY) 2 Articles
Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Cultured Mouse Dorsal Root Ganglion Cells in Hyperglycemic Condition.
Byoung Hyun Park, Chung Gu Cho, Geun Young Jang, Ki Hun Kim, Seung Taeck Park
Korean Diabetes J. 2001;25(4):286-296.   Published online August 1, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Multiple etiology of diabetic neuropathy has been proposed, including altered polyol metabolism, superoxide radical formation, protein glycation, vascular insufficiency, blunted nitric oxide production and neurotrophic factor (NTF) deficiency. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a member and family of neurotrophic factors. NGF is produced in tissues innervated by its responsive neurons. In the peripheral nervous system, NGF messenger RNA (mRNA) is produced in target fields of small pain and temperature-mediating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons and sympathetic neurons. NGF has been shown to promote their survival, differentiation, and maintenance. However, the mechanism of neuronal damage in diabetes and the effect of NGF on diabetic neuropathy are not clear. METHODS: In order to clarify the effect of NGF, the changes of cell viability were evaluated by MTT assay on mouse cultured dorsal root ganglion cells which were grown with media containing concentrations of high glucose for inducing hyperglycemic condition. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) against hyperglycemia-induced dorsal root ganglion cell changes were also examined. RESULTS: 1. Cell viability of cultured mouse dorsal root ganglion cells treated with hyperglycemic media made with 15, 25 mM glucose was markedly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when compared with control medium (normoglycemic medium) containing concentration of 5.5 mM glucose (p<0.05). 2. Cultured dorsal root ganglion cells exposed to hyperglycemic medium made with 25 mM glucose for 72 hours showed morphological changes such as dissociations, loss of neurites and decrease of cell viability (p<0.05). 3. Pretreatment of 150 ng/mL NGF for 2 hours significantly increased the cell viability of cultured dorsal root ganglion cells which exposed to hyperglycemic medium (25 mM glucose for 72 hours). CONCLUSION: Findings from this study suggested that hyperglycemic condition induces the decrease of cell viability and morphological changes (loss of neurites, dissociation) on cultured dorsal root ganglion cells of mouse. Furthermore, selective neurotrophic factors such as NGF are very effective in preventing dysfunction and morphological changes of DRG cells induced by hyperglycemic condition.
Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Cultured Rat Schwann Cells in Hyperglycemic Condition.
Geun Young Hyung, Kyoung Hee Kim, Seung Hoon Baek, Geun Young Jang, Chung Gu Cho
Korean Diabetes J. 2000;24(1):10-18.   Published online January 1, 2001
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is produced in tissues innervafed by its responsive neurons. In the peripheral nervous system, NGF messenger RNA (mRNA) is produced in target fields of small pain and temperature-mediating dorsal root ganglia (DRG) sensory neurons and sympathetic neurons. NGF receptors are expressed in these neurons, and NGF has been shown to promote their survival, differentiation, as well as maintenance. However, the mechanism of neuronal damage in diabetes and the effect of NGF on diabetic neuropathy are unclear. METHODS: in order to clarify the effect of hyperglycemia, the hyperglycemia-induced cytotoxic effects were evaluated by MTT assay on cultured rat Schwann cells, Schwann cells were grown with media containing concentrations of high glucose for inducing hyperglycemic condition. The neuroprotective effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) against hyperglycemia-induced Schwann cell changes were also examined. RESULT: 1. MMT50 value was at concentration of 25mM glucose after 72 hours, 2. Cell viability of cultured rat Schwann cells treated with hyperglycemic media made with 25~35mM glucose was markedly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when compared with control medium (normoglycemic medium) containing concentration of 5.5 mM glucose, While cell number did not show a dose- dependent decrease. 3. Cultured Schwann cells exposed to hyperglycemic medium made with 25mM glucose for 72 hours did nof show any morphological change as well as decrease of cell number. 4. Pretreatment of 10 ng/mL NGF for 2 hours increased remarkably the cell viability of cultured Schwann cells exposed to hyperglycemic medium(25mM glucose for 72 hours). CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study suggested that hyperglycemic condition induces the decrease of cell viability on cultured Schwann cells of rat. But it did not show the decrease of cell number and rnorphological change. The selective neurotrophic factors such as NGF are very effective in preventing dysfunction of cells induced by hyperglycemic condition.

Diabetes Metab J : Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
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